Social climate in Learning Disability services
|Willets, L., Mooney, P. and Blagden, N.
Purpose: The social climate of psychiatric institutions correlates with multiple outcomes related to staff and patients. Research into social climate in Learning Disability services is limited. Staff and patients in Learning Disability services have documented both positive and negative experiences. No research has directly compared the social climate of Learning Disability and non-Learning Disability psychiatric services. The purpose of this paper is to understand how these compare. The study will also compare staff and patient views of social climate and the impact of security on social climate in Learning Disability services. Design/methodology/approach: A total of 64 patients and 73 staff, from Learning Disability and non-Learning Disability psychiatric hospitals completed the Essen Climate Evaluation Schema (EssenCES) measure of social climate. Findings: Patients in Learning Disability and non-Learning Disability services did not differ in their perceptions of social climate. Staff in non-Learning Disability services had a more positive perception of social climate than staff in Learning Disability services. Patients and staff did not differ in their views on climate. Security was negatively related to patients' Experienced Safety. Originality/value: The findings suggest that staff perceive that the deficits associated with Learning Disabilities may limit patients' therapeutic experience and relationships with their peers. Despite this, patients with Learning Disabilities feel supported by their peers, have positive views of the treatment process and feel as safe as non-Learning Disabled psychiatric patients.
|EssenCES; Social climate; comparsion; experiences
|Journal of Intellectual Disabilities and Offending Behaviour
|Vol 5 (Issue 1), pp. 24-37
|Emerald Group Publishing Limited
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI)
|Web address (URL)
|04 Mar 2014
|Publication process dates
|23 May 2023
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