The geochemistry and oxidation state of podiform chromitites from the mantle section of the Oman ophiolite: A review

Journal article


Rollinson, Hugh and Adetunji, Jacob 2015. The geochemistry and oxidation state of podiform chromitites from the mantle section of the Oman ophiolite: A review. Gondwana Research. 27 (2), pp. 1-12. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gr.2013.07.013
AuthorsRollinson, Hugh and Adetunji, Jacob
Abstract

Data are presented for mantle podiform chromitites from eight localities over 350 km strike length of the Oman ophiolite. Chromitite compositions form a continuum from cr# = 0.501 to 0.769, although this conflates a number of different magmatic ‘events’. The Oman mantle chromitites record a wide range of Fe3 +/ΣFe ratios (as determined by Mössbauer spectroscopy) extending from low values (close to those of MORB) to values higher than currently found in arc magmas and calculated oxygen fugacities for the chromites are about 1.8 log units above the QFM buffer, higher than found in the MORB source. Calculated TiO2 and Al2O3 contents for the parental melts to the Oman chromitites show that they had low TiO2 contents (0.23–0.96 wt.%) but a range of Al2O3 contents (11.8–15.8 wt.%). The variable Al2O3 content implies a range of parental magma compositions, probably formed at different temperatures, and the range of TiO2 compositions indicates that some melts were modified by reaction during their transit through the mantle. The range of compositions observed is not consistent with either a MORB or Arc source but is thought to reflect a range of melts derived from a compositionally evolving source during subduction initiation in a forearc environment

KeywordsOphiolite; Chromitite; Geochemistry; Petrogenesis; Oman
Year2015
JournalGondwana Research
Journal citation27 (2), pp. 1-12
PublisherElsevier
ISSN1342-937X
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gr.2013.07.013
Web address (URL)https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1342937X13002402?via%3Dihub
hdl:10545/621578
Output statusPublished
Publication dates01 Aug 2013
Publication process dates
Deposited02 May 2017, 15:12
Accepted05 Jul 2013
ContributorsUniversity of Derby
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