Temporal contiguity determines overshadowing and potentiation of human Action-Outcome performance

Journal article


Alcalá, J.A., Kirkden, R.D., Bray, J., Prados, J. and Urcelay, G.P 2022. Temporal contiguity determines overshadowing and potentiation of human Action-Outcome performance. Psychonomic Bulletin & Review. pp. 1-12. https://doi.org/10.3758/s13423-022-02155-4
AuthorsAlcalá, J.A., Kirkden, R.D., Bray, J., Prados, J. and Urcelay, G.P
Abstract

Three experiments (n = 81, n = 81, n = 82, respectively) explored how temporal contiguity infuences Action-Outcome
learning, assessing whether an intervening signal competed, facilitated, or had no efect on performance and causal attribution in undergraduate participants. Across experiments, we observed competition and facilitation as a function of the temporal contiguity between Action and Outcome. When there was a strong temporal relationship between Action and Outcome, the signal competed with the action, hindering instrumental performance but not causal attribution (Experiments 1 and 3). However, with weak temporal contiguity, the same signal facilitated both instrumental performance and causal attribution (Experiments 1 and 2). Finally, the physical intensity of the signal determined the magnitude of competition. As anticipated by associative learning models, a more salient signal attenuated to a greater extent instrumental performance (Experiment 3). These results are discussed by reference to a recent adaptation of the confgural theory of learning.

Keywords Cue competition ; Overshadowing; Potentiation
Year2022
JournalPsychonomic Bulletin & Review
Journal citationpp. 1-12
PublisherSpringer
ISSN1531-5320
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.3758/s13423-022-02155-4
FunderEconomic and Social Research Council
Publisher's version
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File Access Level
Open
Output statusPublished
Publication dates
Online11 Aug 2022
Publication process dates
Accepted16 Jul 2022
Deposited30 Aug 2022
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