Racialised norms in apprenticeship systems in England and Germany

Journal article


Chadderton, C. and Wischmann, A. 2014. Racialised norms in apprenticeship systems in England and Germany. Journal of Vocational Education and Training. 66 (3), p. 330–347. https://doi.org/10.1080/13636820.2014.917693
AuthorsChadderton, C. and Wischmann, A.
Abstract

In this paper, we consider the issue of the under-representation of young people from minority ethnic/migrant backgrounds in apprenticeships in England and Germany. Whilst there are many studies on apprenticeships in England and Germany, few focus on under-representation or discrimination, even fewer on ethnic under-representation, and there are no comparative studies of the topic. We review the existing literature and drawing on Critical Race Theory, we argue that most studies on apprenticeships and ethnicity tend to confirm rather than challenge stereotypes of these minority groups, and to view young people as autonomous agents able to make (relatively) free choices. We argue that connections should be made between ethnic under-representation and studies of the racial segmentation of the labour market. Drawing on these studies of the labour market, we suggest, innovatively but perhaps somewhat controversially, that it is likely that racialised norms shape expectations of the worker and migrant worker, and of who fits where in the labour markets and vocational training systems. Further, we argue that this challenges popular notions of what constitutes career ‘choices’ on the part of young people.

Keywordsyoung people ; underrepresentation ; minority backgrounds ; ethnicity
Year2014
JournalJournal of Vocational Education and Training
Journal citation66 (3), p. 330–347
PublisherTaylor & Francis
ISSN1747-5090
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1080/13636820.2014.917693
Web address (URL)https://core.ac.uk/download/pdf/219373871.pdf
http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?eid=2-s2.0-84902706793&partnerID=MN8TOARS
https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/13636820.2014.917693
Output statusPublished
Publication dates09 Jun 2014
Publication process dates
Deposited21 Oct 2022
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