The effects of Latino Dance intervention on academic and general self-efficacy with left-behind children: An experimental study in China

Journal article


Hooton, A., Zhou, Y., Ferraro, F. and Ribchester, C. 2023. The effects of Latino Dance intervention on academic and general self-efficacy with left-behind children: An experimental study in China. Frontiers in Psychology. https://doi.org/10.3389
AuthorsHooton, A., Zhou, Y., Ferraro, F. and Ribchester, C.
Abstract

Introduction: Although there is considerable research indicating that physical exercise and dance can strengthen children’s self-efficacy, and children’s self-efficacy can predict students’ academic achievement at a wide range of academic levels. Few studies have been conducted using Latino Dance to improve self-efficacy in Left-Behind Children (LBC), especially the two aspects of student academic self-efficacy and general self-efficacy, while the mediator role of self-esteem between student academic self-efficacy and general self-efficacy has been less explored in previous research.

Methods: This study proposed to examine Latino Dance interventions to improve general self-efficacy and students’ academic self-efficacy among LBC students in rural areas to boost students’ academic performance, and the research team hypothesised that general self-efficacy, students’ academic self-efficacy and self-esteem would improve following the intervention and that outcomes will have a significant positive correlation as students’ self-esteem can mediate both their academic self-efficacy and their general self-efficacy. Dates were collected from 305 LBCs children (160 boys and 145 girls) from 6 left-behind schools in Hunan province, China. Ralf Schwarzer’s general self-efficacy scale, Morgan-Jinks Student academic Self-Efficacy Scale, and Rosenberg’s self-esteem scale were administered to LBCs between September 2020 and January 2022.

Results: The results revealed that the Latino Dance intervention significantly increased the LBC student’ academic self-efficacy and general self-efficacy, which also involved a positive effect on the three sub-dimensions (talent, context, and effort) of students’ academic self-efficacy. Further, multiple linear regression analysis confirmed that self-esteem (positive esteem/self-deprecation) acted as a partial mediator between student academic self-efficacy and general self-efficacy; perceived self-esteem played a mediating role between them.

Discussion: This study filled a gap in the literature concerning the psychological reinforcement effect of Latino Dance on LBC groups and demonstrated that Latino Dance improved the student’ academic self-efficacy and general self-efficacy among the LBCs. Our results suggest that Latino Dance can be beneficial for LBC in school by including Latino Dance in Physical Education or Art courses and improving students’ self-esteem may lead to an increase in student academic self-efficacy as well as general self-efficacy, thereby improving and enhancing the learning of LBCs.

Year2023
JournalFrontiers in Psychology
PublisherFrontiers
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.3389
Web address (URL)https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fpsyg.2023.1107233/full
Output statusPublished
Publication dates
Online02 May 2023
Publication process dates
Deposited25 May 2023
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