Studying the Regional Transmission of Air Pollution Based on Spatiotemporal Multivariable Data

Journal article


Lu, X., Xue, Y., He, B., Jiang, X., Wu, S. and Wang, X. 2023. Studying the Regional Transmission of Air Pollution Based on Spatiotemporal Multivariable Data. Atmosphere. 14 (9), pp. 1-17. https://doi.org/10.3390/atmos14091438
AuthorsLu, X., Xue, Y., He, B., Jiang, X., Wu, S. and Wang, X.
Abstract

Imported air pollution has a significant impact on urban air quality. Relevant studies have shown that many urban air pollution events are not resourced by local emissions but are imported by air pollution from surrounding areas transported across regions. The prevention and control of air pollution is very necessary. However, the existing supervision of urban air quality mostly relies on ground monitoring stations, which are extremely limited in time and space, and cannot satisfy continuous time-space air pollution research. Therefore, aiming at the problem of urban air pollution control, this paper used MERRA-2 reanalysis data and ground monitoring data to establish a “Time-Longitude-Latitude” three-dimensional pollution curve, and then a genetic algorithm was used to optimize its fitting. This study finally reconstructed the imported air pollution transmission route. This paper takes an air pollution event that occurred in Xuzhou City, China, on 12 January 2020, as an example. Through the analysis of aerosol optical depth (AOD), particulate matter (PM), wind speed, and other factors, we found the source, transmission route, and impact time of this pollution. We have verified the correctness and accuracy of the reconstructed contamination transport paths. It is proved that the method is universal and it can quickly and accurately restore the air pollution transmission route and identify the urban imported air pollution transmission entrance. This method will also provide strong data support for the division of responsibilities of environmental protection departments in various regions for severe air pollution transmission events and provide effective governance ideas for the prevention and control of imported air pollution in recipient cities.

Keywordsurban imported air pollution; regional transmission; transmission route
Year2023
JournalAtmosphere
Journal citation14 (9), pp. 1-17
PublisherMDPI
ISSN 2073-4433
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.3390/atmos14091438
Web address (URL)https://www.mdpi.com/2073-4433/14/9/1438
Output statusPublished
Publication dates
Online14 Sep 2023
Publication process dates
Deposited02 Nov 2023
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