Targeted transgene integration overcomes variability of position effects in zebrafish.

Journal article


Roberts, Jennifer Anne, Miguel-Escalada, Irene, Slovik, Katherine Joan, Walsh, Kathleen Theodora, Hadzhiev, Yavor, Sanges, Remo, Stupka, Elia, Marsh, Elizabeth Kate, Balciuniene, Jorune, Balciunas, Darius and Müller, Ferenc 2014. Targeted transgene integration overcomes variability of position effects in zebrafish. Development. https://doi.org/10.1242/dev.100347
AuthorsRoberts, Jennifer Anne, Miguel-Escalada, Irene, Slovik, Katherine Joan, Walsh, Kathleen Theodora, Hadzhiev, Yavor, Sanges, Remo, Stupka, Elia, Marsh, Elizabeth Kate, Balciuniene, Jorune, Balciunas, Darius and Müller, Ferenc
Abstract

Zebrafish transgenesis is increasingly popular owing to the optical transparency and external development of embryos, which provide a scalable vertebrate model for in vivo experimentation. The ability to express transgenes in a tightly controlled spatio-temporal pattern is an important prerequisite for exploitation of zebrafish in a wide range of biomedical applications. However, conventional transgenesis methods are plagued by position effects: the regulatory environment of genomic integration sites leads to variation of expression patterns of transgenes driven by engineered cis-regulatory modules. This limitation represents a bottleneck when studying the precise function of cis-regulatory modules and their subtle variants or when various effector proteins are to be expressed for labelling and manipulation of defined sets of cells. Here, we provide evidence for the efficient elimination of variability of position effects by developing a PhiC31 integrase-based targeting method. To detect targeted integration events, a simple phenotype scoring of colour change in the lens of larvae is used. We compared PhiC31-based integration and Tol2 transgenesis in the analysis of the activity of a novel conserved enhancer from the developmentally regulated neural-specific esrrga gene. Reporter expression was highly variable among independent lines generated with Tol2, whereas all lines generated with PhiC31 into a single integration site displayed nearly identical, enhancer-specific reporter expression in brain nuclei. Moreover, we demonstrate that a modified integrase system can also be used for the detection of enhancer activity in transient transgenesis. These results demonstrate the power of the PhiC31-based transgene integration for the annotation and fine analysis of transcriptional regulatory elements and it promises to be a generally desirable tool for a range of applications, which rely on highly reproducible patterns of transgene activity in zebrafish.

KeywordsEnhancer; Integrase; Position effects; Tol2; Transgenesis; Zebrafish
Year2014
JournalDevelopment
Development (Cambridge, England)
ISSN1477-9129
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1242/dev.100347
Web address (URL)http://hdl.handle.net/10545/623840
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/3.0/us/
hdl:10545/623840
Publication dates21 Jan 2014
Publication process dates
Deposited12 Jun 2019, 10:27
Accepted10 Nov 2013
Rights

Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 3.0 United States

ContributorsUniversity of Birmingham and Temple University
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