A flow resistive inspiratory muscle training mask worn during high-intensity interval training does not improve 5 km running time-trial performance

Journal article


Brown, Peter I., Faghy, Mark, Davis, Nichola, Mayes, JP and Maden-Wilkinson, Tom 2020. A flow resistive inspiratory muscle training mask worn during high-intensity interval training does not improve 5 km running time-trial performance. European Journal of Applied Physiology. 121, p. 183–191. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00421-020-04505-3
AuthorsBrown, Peter I., Faghy, Mark, Davis, Nichola, Mayes, JP and Maden-Wilkinson, Tom
Abstract

There is little evidence of the ergogenic effect of flow-resistive masks worn during exercise. We compared a flow-resistive face mask (MASK) worn during high-intensity interval training (HIIT) against pressure threshold loading inspiratory muscle training (IMT). 23 participants (13 males) completed a 5 km time trial and six weeks of HIIT (3 sessions weekly). HIIT (n = 8) consisted of repeated work (2 min) at the speed equivalent to 95% V˙O2 peak with equal rest. Repetitions were incremental (six in weeks 1, 2 and 6, eight in weeks 3 and 4 and ten in week 5). Participants were allocated to one of three training groups. MASK (n = 8) wore a flow-resistive mask during all sessions. The IMT group (n = 8) completed 2 × 30 breaths daily at 50% maximum inspiratory pressure (PImax). A control group (CON, n = 7) completed HIIT only. Following HIIT, participants completed two 5 km time trials, the first matched identically to pre-intervention trial (ISO time), and a self-paced effort. Time trial performance was improved in all groups (MASK 3.1 ± 1.7%, IMT, 5.7 ± 1.5% and CON 2.6 ± 1.0%, p < 0.05). IMT improved greater than MASK and CON (p = 0.004). Post intervention, PImax and diaphragm thickness were improved in IMT only (32% and 9.5%, respectively, p = 0.003 and 0.024).
A flow-resistive mask worn during HIIT provides no benefit to 5 km performance when compared to HIIT only. Supplementing HIIT with IMT improves respiratory muscle strength, morphology and performance greater than HIIT alone.

KeywordsRespiratory; Inspiratory Muscle Training; Exercise
Year2020
JournalEuropean Journal of Applied Physiology
Journal citation121, p. 183–191
PublisherSpringer
ISSN14396319
14396327
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1007/s00421-020-04505-3
Web address (URL)https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s00421-020-04505-3
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nd/4.0/
http://hdl.handle.net/10545/625219
hdl:10545/625219
Output statusPublished
Publication dates01 Oct 2020
Publication process dates
Accepted19 Sep 2020
Deposited02 Oct 2020
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Attribution-NoDerivatives 4.0 International

ContributorsUniversity of Derby, University of Bath and Sheffield Hallam University
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Training the inspiratory muscles improves running performance when carrying a 25 kg thoracic load in a backpack
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Preloaded Time Trial to Assess Load Carriage Performance
Mark A. Faghy and Peter I. Brown 2014. Preloaded Time Trial to Assess Load Carriage Performance. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research. 28 (12), pp. 3354-3362. https://doi.org/10.1519/jsc.0000000000000555
Thoracic load carriage-induced respiratory muscle fatigue
Faghy, M. and Brown, P.I. 2014. Thoracic load carriage-induced respiratory muscle fatigue. European Journal of Applied Physiology. 114, p. 1085–1093. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00421-014-2839-4
Ventilatory muscle strength, diaphragm thickness and pulmonary function in world-class powerlifters
Brown, Peter I., Venables, Heather, Liu, Hymsuen, de Witt, Julie T., Brown, Michelle R. and Faghy, Mark 2013. Ventilatory muscle strength, diaphragm thickness and pulmonary function in world-class powerlifters. European Journal of Applied Physiology. 113, p. 2849–2855. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00421-013-2726-4