Multi-Component Physical Activity Interventions in the UK Must Consider Determinants of Activity to Increase Effectiveness

Journal article


Faghy, Mark, Armstrong-Booth, Kirsty E, Staples, Vicki, Duncan, Micheal J and Roscoe, Clare M P 2021. Multi-Component Physical Activity Interventions in the UK Must Consider Determinants of Activity to Increase Effectiveness. Journal of Functional Morphology and Kinesiology. 6 (3), p. 56. https://doi.org/10.3390/jfmk6030056
AuthorsFaghy, Mark, Armstrong-Booth, Kirsty E, Staples, Vicki, Duncan, Micheal J and Roscoe, Clare M P
Abstract

Interventions to increase physical activity in children have adopted broad approaches and achieved varying success. There is a need to adopt approaches underpinned with a theoretical basis. Accordingly, the aim here was to implement and evaluate a 12-week intervention designed using the concepts of the COM-B model to determine the effect this has on physical activity levels. One hundred and forty-seven school-age children (mean age 8.9 ± 1.3 years) took part in a 12-week program delivered in a school setting. Topics included physical activity, healthy eating, sleep quality and reducing screen time/sedentary activities when not in school. A sample of participants wore a wrist-worn accelerometer for seven days pre-and post-intervention (N = 11). The physical activity frequency was unchanged (2.9 ± 1.0 AU) when compared with post-intervention values (3.1 ± 0.8 AU, mean increase 6.8 ± 3.7%, p > 0.05). Changes were observed in the daily consumption of fruit and vegetables (pre-intervention 44.6% vs. post-intervention 60.2%, p < 0.05). Sedentary time, light activity, moderate activity and vigorous activity were unchanged post-intervention (p > 0.05). There is a need to adopt a broader approach that incorporates a theoretical basis and considers the complex ways by which physical activity behaviours are influenced.

Keywordsbehaviour; physical activity; sedentary behaviour; theoretical approaches
Year2021
JournalJournal of Functional Morphology and Kinesiology
Journal citation6 (3), p. 56
PublisherMDPI
ISSN2411-5142
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.3390/jfmk6030056
Web address (URL)https://www.mdpi.com/2411-5142/6/3/56
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nd/4.0/
http://hdl.handle.net/10545/625889
hdl:10545/625889
Output statusPublished
Publication dates23 Jun 2021
Publication process dates
Accepted11 Jun 2021
Deposited26 Jul 2021
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Attribution-NoDerivatives 4.0 International

Place of publicationSwitzerland
ContributorsUniversity of Derby and Coventry University
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Duncan, Mike, Roscoe, Clare M. P., Faghy, Mark, Tallis, Jason and Eyre, Emma 2019. Estimating physical activity in children aged 8–11 Years using Accelerometry: Contributions from fundamental movement skills and different Accelerometer placements. Frontiers in Physiology. https://doi.org/10.3389/fphys.2019.00242
P25 Inspiratory muscle training (IMT) for adults discharged from hospital with community acquired pneumonia (CAP) – a feasibility study
HJ Pick, MA Faghy, G Cresswell, WS Lim, T Bewick and Faghy, M. 2018. P25 Inspiratory muscle training (IMT) for adults discharged from hospital with community acquired pneumonia (CAP) – a feasibility study. BMJ Journals. https://doi.org/10.1136/thorax-2018-212555.183
Active recovery strategy and lactate clearance in elite swimmers
Mark A. Faghy, Mitch Lomax and Peter I. Brown 2018. Active recovery strategy and lactate clearance in elite swimmers. The Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness. 59 (9), pp. 1487-1491. https://doi.org/10.23736/s0022-4707.18.09228-9
From startline to frontline: the application of respiratory exercise physiology to occupational performance
Faghy, Mark, Blacker, Sam D. and Brown, Peter I. 2017. From startline to frontline: the application of respiratory exercise physiology to occupational performance. Sport and Exercise Scientist.
Calibration of GENEActiv accelerometer wrist cut-points for the assessment of physical activity intensity of preschool aged children
Roscoe, Clare M. P., James, Rob S. and Duncan, Michael J. 2017. Calibration of GENEActiv accelerometer wrist cut-points for the assessment of physical activity intensity of preschool aged children. European Journal of Pediatrics. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00431-017-2948-2
Preschool staff and parents? Perceptions of preschool children's physical activity and fundamental movement skills from an area of high deprivation: a qualitative study
Roscoe, Clare M. P., James, Rob S. and Duncan, Michael J. 2017. Preschool staff and parents? Perceptions of preschool children's physical activity and fundamental movement skills from an area of high deprivation: a qualitative study. Qualitative Research in Sport, Exercise and Health. https://doi.org/10.1080/2159676X.2017.1322630
Preschool and parental influences on physical activity and fundamental movement skills in preschool children from low socio-economic backgrounds: A qualitative study.
Roscoe, Clare M. P., Birch, Samantha, James, Rob S. and Duncan, Michael J. 2016. Preschool and parental influences on physical activity and fundamental movement skills in preschool children from low socio-economic backgrounds: A qualitative study. British Association of Sport and Exercise Sciences.
Whole body active warm up and inspiratory muscle warm up do not improve running performance when carrying thoracic loads
Faghy, Mark and Brown, Peter I. 2017. Whole body active warm up and inspiratory muscle warm up do not improve running performance when carrying thoracic loads. Applied physiology, nutrition, and metabolism. 42 (8). https://doi.org/10.1139/apnm-2016-0711
Impact of Weekly Swimming Training Distance on the Ergogenicity of Inspiratory Muscle Training in Well-Trained Youth Swimmers
Lomax M, Kapus J, Brown PI and Faghy M 2017. Impact of Weekly Swimming Training Distance on the Ergogenicity of Inspiratory Muscle Training in Well-Trained Youth Swimmers. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research. 33 (8), pp. 2185-2193. https://doi.org/10.1519/jsc.0000000000002375
Functional inspiratory muscle training (IMT) improves load carriage performance greater than traditional IMT techniques: 1652 Board #305 June 2, 9: 00 AM - 10: 30 AM.
Faghy, Mark, Lindley, Martin R. and Brown, Peter I. 2016. Functional inspiratory muscle training (IMT) improves load carriage performance greater than traditional IMT techniques: 1652 Board #305 June 2, 9: 00 AM - 10: 30 AM. Wolters Kluwer. https://doi.org/10.1249/01.mss.0000486377.59880.50
Pilot study : can inspiratory muscle training relieve symptoms ff dyspnoea and improve quality of life for advanced cancer patients ?: 1872 Board #24 June 2, 3: 30 PM - 5: 00 PM.
Lindley, Martin R., Faghy, Mark, Sowter, Heidi M. and Mickleborough, Timothy D. 2016. Pilot study : can inspiratory muscle training relieve symptoms ff dyspnoea and improve quality of life for advanced cancer patients ?: 1872 Board #24 June 2, 3: 30 PM - 5: 00 PM. Wolters Kluwer. https://doi.org/10.1249/01.mss.0000486545.72377.ea
The impact of a school-based gardening intervention on intentions and behaviour related to fruit and vegetable consumption in children
Duncan, Michael J., Eyre, Emma, Bryant, Elizabeth, Clarke, Neil, Birch, Samantha, Staples, Vicki and Sheffield, David 2015. The impact of a school-based gardening intervention on intentions and behaviour related to fruit and vegetable consumption in children. Journal of Health Psychology. https://doi.org/10.1177/1359105315573445
Nature: a new paradigm for well-being and ergonomics
Richardson, Miles, Maspero, Marta, Golightly, David, Sheffield, David, Staples, Vicki and Lumber, Ryan 2016. Nature: a new paradigm for well-being and ergonomics. Ergonomics. https://doi.org/10.1080/00140139.2016.1157213
Limitations and trainability of the respiratory system during exercise with thoracic loads
Faghy, Mark 2016. Limitations and trainability of the respiratory system during exercise with thoracic loads. Thesis
Effects of load mass carried in a backpack upon respiratory muscle fatigue
Faghy, Mark, Blacker, Sam D. and Brown, Peter I. 2016. Effects of load mass carried in a backpack upon respiratory muscle fatigue. European Journal of Sport Science. 16 (8), pp. 1032-1038. https://doi.org/10.1080/17461391.2016.1202326
Training the inspiratory muscles improves running performance when carrying a 25 kg thoracic load in a backpack
Faghy, Mark and Brown, Peter I. 2015. Training the inspiratory muscles improves running performance when carrying a 25 kg thoracic load in a backpack. European Journal of Sport Science. 16 (5), pp. 585-594. https://doi.org/10.1080/17461391.2015.1071878
Preloaded Time Trial to Assess Load Carriage Performance
Mark A. Faghy and Peter I. Brown 2014. Preloaded Time Trial to Assess Load Carriage Performance. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research. 28 (12), pp. 3354-3362. https://doi.org/10.1519/jsc.0000000000000555
Thoracic load carriage-induced respiratory muscle fatigue
Faghy, M. and Brown, P.I. 2014. Thoracic load carriage-induced respiratory muscle fatigue. European Journal of Applied Physiology. 114, p. 1085–1093. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00421-014-2839-4
Ventilatory muscle strength, diaphragm thickness and pulmonary function in world-class powerlifters
Brown, Peter I., Venables, Heather, Liu, Hymsuen, de Witt, Julie T., Brown, Michelle R. and Faghy, Mark 2013. Ventilatory muscle strength, diaphragm thickness and pulmonary function in world-class powerlifters. European Journal of Applied Physiology. 113, p. 2849–2855. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00421-013-2726-4
An exploration of the experience of mental health service users when they decide they would like to change or withdraw from prescribed medications
Gale, Corinne, Baldwin, Laurence, Staples, Vicki, Montague, Jane and Waldram, Dave 2012. An exploration of the experience of mental health service users when they decide they would like to change or withdraw from prescribed medications. Journal of Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2850.2011.01860.x