The Effects of Physical Activity on Academic Performance in School-Aged Children: A Systematic Review

Journal article


James, J, Pringle, A., Mourton, S. and Roscoe, C. 2023. The Effects of Physical Activity on Academic Performance in School-Aged Children: A Systematic Review. Children. 10 (6), p. 1019. https://doi.org/doi.org/10.3390/children10061019
AuthorsJames, J, Pringle, A., Mourton, S. and Roscoe, C.
Abstract

Schools offer a unique environment to influence children’s physical activity (PA) levels positively. This study aims to systematically review the evidence surrounding how PA affects academic performance by analysing how the frequency, intensity, time, and type of PA mediate academic performance outcomes. This review was conducted using the PRISMA framework. Keyword searches were conducted in Science Direct, PubMed, and SPORTDiscus. Children that were obese, typically developing, typical weight, disabled, with a developmental disability, from a low socio-economic background, or an ethnic minority were included. A total of 19 studies were included, with a total of 6788 participants, a mean age of 9.3 years (50.2% boys, and 49.8% girls). Overall, 63.2% were nondisabled, while 36.8% were diagnosed with a disability. Two authors met, reviewed papers with regard to the inclusion criteria, and agreed on outputs to be included. Evidence suggests that associations between PA and academic performance were primarily positive or nonsignificant. PA levels of 90 min plus per week were associated with improved academic performance, as was PA performed at moderate to vigorous intensity. The optimal duration of PA was 30–60 min per session, whilst various sports induced positive academic effects. Importantly, findings support that PA does not have a deleterious effect on academic performance but can enhance it.

KeywordsFundamental movement skills; Children; Physical activity
Year2023
JournalChildren
Journal citation10 (6), p. 1019
PublisherMDPI
ISSN2227-9067
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/doi.org/10.3390/children10061019
Web address (URL)https://doi.org/10.3390/children10061019
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Open
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Open
Output statusPublished
Publication dates
Online05 Jun 2023
Publication process dates
Accepted30 May 2023
Deposited22 Jun 2023
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Dobell, Alexandra, Pringle, Andy, Faghy, Mark and Roscoe, Clare M. P. 2020. Fundamental movement skills and accelerometer-measured physical activity levels during early childhood: a systematic review. MDPI AG. https://doi.org/10.3390/children7110224
Calibration and cross-validation of accelerometery for estimating movement skills in children aged 8–12 years
Duncan, M., Dobell, A., Noon, M., Clark, C.T., Roscoe, C., Stodden, D., Sacko, R., Eyre, E. and Faghy, M. 2020. Calibration and cross-validation of accelerometery for estimating movement skills in children aged 8–12 years. Sensors. 20 (10), p. 2776. https://doi.org/10.3390/s20102776
Accelerometer-based physical activity levels, fundamental movement skills and weight status in British preschool children from a deprived area
Roscoe, Clare M. P., James, Rob S. and Duncan, Michael J. 2019. Accelerometer-based physical activity levels, fundamental movement skills and weight status in British preschool children from a deprived area. European Journal of Pediatrics. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00431-019-03390-z
Accelerometer-based physical activity levels differ between week and weekend ways in British preschool children
Roscoe, C., James, Rob S. and Duncan, Michael J. 2019. Accelerometer-based physical activity levels differ between week and weekend ways in British preschool children. Journal of Functional Morphology and Kinesiology. 4 (3), p. 65. https://doi.org/10.3390/jfmk4030065
Estimating physical activity in children aged 8–11 Years using Accelerometry: Contributions from fundamental movement skills and different Accelerometer placements
Duncan, Mike, Roscoe, Clare M. P., Faghy, Mark, Tallis, Jason and Eyre, Emma 2019. Estimating physical activity in children aged 8–11 Years using Accelerometry: Contributions from fundamental movement skills and different Accelerometer placements. Frontiers in Physiology. https://doi.org/10.3389/fphys.2019.00242
Calibration of GENEActiv accelerometer wrist cut-points for the assessment of physical activity intensity of preschool aged children
Roscoe, Clare M. P., James, Rob S. and Duncan, Michael J. 2017. Calibration of GENEActiv accelerometer wrist cut-points for the assessment of physical activity intensity of preschool aged children. European Journal of Pediatrics. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00431-017-2948-2
Preschool staff and parents? Perceptions of preschool children's physical activity and fundamental movement skills from an area of high deprivation: a qualitative study
Roscoe, Clare M. P., James, Rob S. and Duncan, Michael J. 2017. Preschool staff and parents? Perceptions of preschool children's physical activity and fundamental movement skills from an area of high deprivation: a qualitative study. Qualitative Research in Sport, Exercise and Health. https://doi.org/10.1080/2159676X.2017.1322630
Preschool and parental influences on physical activity and fundamental movement skills in preschool children from low socio-economic backgrounds: A qualitative study.
Roscoe, Clare M. P., Birch, Samantha, James, Rob S. and Duncan, Michael J. 2016. Preschool and parental influences on physical activity and fundamental movement skills in preschool children from low socio-economic backgrounds: A qualitative study. British Association of Sport and Exercise Sciences.