Health improvement for men and hard-to-engage-men delivered in English Premier League football clubs

Journal article


Pringle, Andy, Zwolinsky, S., McKenna, J., Robertson, S., Daly-Smith, A. and White, A. 2014. Health improvement for men and hard-to-engage-men delivered in English Premier League football clubs. Health Education Research. 29 (3), pp. 503-520. https://doi.org/10.1093/her/cyu009
AuthorsPringle, Andy, Zwolinsky, S., McKenna, J., Robertson, S., Daly-Smith, A. and White, A.
Abstract

Unhealthy behaviours represent modifiable causes of non-communicable disease. In men, concern focuses on those (i) demonstrating the poorest health, exacerbated by a lack of awareness of the risks that their lifestyles pose and (ii) who neither consult their doctor nor use health services. Classed as ‘hard-to-engage’, distinctive strategies are needed to reach these men. Impact and process evaluations assessed the effect of a programme of men’s health-delivered in/by English Premier League football clubs. Men attended match-day events and/or weekly classes involving physical activity and health education. Validated self-report measures for demographics and lifestyle behaviours were completed pre- and post-intervention. Intention-to-treat analysis was performed on pre-versus-post-intervention differences in lifestyle profiles, whereas interviews (n = 57) provided men’s accounts of programme experience. Participants were predominantly white British (70.4%/n = 2669), 18–44 (80.2%/n = 3032) and employed (60.7%/n = 1907). One-third (n = 860) ‘never’ visited their doctor. Over 85% (n = 1428) presented with combinations of lifestyle risk factors. Intention-to-treat analysis showed improvements (P < 0.001) in lifestyle profiles. Interviews confirmed recruitment of men who were hard-to-engage and unhealthy. Men were attracted through football and/or the clubs, whereas specific design factors impacted on participation. Limitations include use of self-reports, narrow demographics, small effect sizes, lack of follow-up and the absence of non-completers in interviews.

Keywordsphysical activity, demography, health services, life style, soccer, football, self-report
Year2014
JournalHealth Education Research
Journal citation29 (3), pp. 503-520
PublisherOxford University Press (OUP)
ISSN0268-1153
1465-3648
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1093/her/cyu009
Web address (URL)http://hdl.handle.net/10545/625042
hdl:10545/625042
Publication dates21 Mar 2014
Publication process dates
Deposited22 Jul 2020, 15:46
Accepted2014
ContributorsLeeds Metropolitan University
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