Direct Parent Engagement to Improve Fundamental Movement Skills in Children: A Systematic Review
|Flynn, R., Pringle, A. and Roscoe, C.
Abstract: Fundamental movement skills (FMS) are basic movements in children that represent the building blocks for more complex motor skill development, and act as a prerequisite for enduring sport and physical activity (PA) engagement and positive health-related behaviours. FMS profi-ciency is currently inadequate worldwide, and consequently there are alarming levels of inactivity and childhood obesity. However, parents are role models to their children and possess the power to influence their PA behaviour. This review investigated if parent-focused interventions could improve FMS in 2-7-year-old children, and evaluated which setting and method of parent en-gagement was most impactful. Keyword searches were conducted via Scopus, Web of Science, SPORTDiscus, PubMed, Science Direct, and Google Scholar. Only nine articles met the inclusion criteria. No research originated from the United Kingdom, highlighting the urgent need for fur-ther FMS interventions involving parents. FMS improved in all nine studies, with significant changes in seven of the articles (P < 0.05). Parent-child co-activity, education and empowerment of parents, and the provision of clear FMS guidance, messaging, and structure can positively in-fluence children’s FMS. Recently, smartphone apps have increased the feasibility and accessibility of FMS practice at home and may be integral to future interventions. Further research with direct parental involvement is clearly warranted.
|Fundamental movement skills; physical activity; parent engagement; children; interventions; smartphone apps
|10 (7), pp. 1-19
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI)
|Web address (URL)
|Accepted author manuscript
File Access Level
|19 Jul 2023
|Publication process dates
|17 Jul 2023
|27 Jul 2023
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