The 24-h Movement Compositions in Weekday, Weekend Day or Four-Day Periods Differentially Associate with Fundamental Movement Skills

Journal article


Roscoe, C., Duncan, Michael, J and Clark, Cain, C. T 2021. The 24-h Movement Compositions in Weekday, Weekend Day or Four-Day Periods Differentially Associate with Fundamental Movement Skills. Children. 8 (10), p. 828. https://doi.org/10.3390/children8100828
AuthorsRoscoe, C., Duncan, Michael, J and Clark, Cain, C. T
Abstract

The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between weekday, weekend day and four-day physical activity (PA) behaviours and fundamental movement skills (FMS) in British preschool children from a low socio-economic status background using compositional data analysis (CoDA). One hundred and eighty-five preschool children aged 3–4 years provided objectively assessed PA and sedentary behaviour (SB) data (GENEActiv accelerometer) and FMS (TGMD-2). The association of 24-h movement behaviours with FMS was explored using CoDA and isotemporal substitution (R Core Team, 3.6.1). When data were considered compositionally (SB, light PA (LPA), moderate and vigorous PA (MVPA)) and adjusted for age, BMI and sex, the weekday-derived composition predicted total motor competence (r2 = 0.07), locomotor (r2 = 0.08) and object control skills (r2 = 0.09); the weekend day-derived composition predicted total motor competence (r2 = 0.03) and object control skills (r2 = 0.03), the 4-day-derived composition predicted total motor competence (r2 = 0.07), locomotor (r2 = 0.07) and object control skills (r2 = 0.06) (all p < 0.05). Reallocation of 5 min of LPA at the expense of any behaviour was associated with significant improvements in total motor competence, locomotor and object control skills; for weekend-derived behaviours, MVPA was preferential. Considering movement behaviours over different time periods is required to better understand the effect of the 24-h movement composition on FMS in preschool children.

KeywordsBritish preschool children; Pediatrics; Physical activity
Year2021
JournalChildren
Journal citation8 (10), p. 828
PublisherMDPI AG
ISSN2227-9067
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.3390/children8100828
Web address (URL)http://hdl.handle.net/10545/626255
hdl:10545/626255
Publication dates22 Sep 2021
Publication process dates
Deposited25 Jan 2022, 14:42
Accepted20 Sep 2021
ContributorsUniversity of Derby and Coventry University
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