Interpretation Biases in Pain: Validation of Two New Stimulus Sets

Journal article


Gaffiero, D., Staples, P., Staples, V. and Maratos, F. 2022. Interpretation Biases in Pain: Validation of Two New Stimulus Sets. Frontiers in Psychology. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2021.784887
AuthorsGaffiero, D., Staples, P., Staples, V. and Maratos, F.
Abstract

Adults with chronic pain interpret ambiguous information in a pain and illness related fashion. However, limitations have been highlighted with traditional experimental paradigms used to measure interpretation biases. Whilst ambiguous scenarios have been developed to measure interpretation biases in adolescents with pain, no scenario sets exist for use with adults. Therefore, the present study: i) sought to validate a range of ambiguous scenarios suitable for measuring interpretation biases in adults, whilst also allowing for two response formats (forced-choice and free response); and ii) investigate paradigm efficacy, by assessing the effects of recent pain experiences on task responding. A novel ambiguous scenarios task was administered to adults (N = 241). Participants were presented with 62 ambiguous scenarios comprising 42 that could be interpreted in a pain/pain-illness or non-pain/non-pain illness manner: and 20 control scenarios. Participants generated their own solutions to each scenario (Word Generation Task), then rated how likely they would be to use two researcher-generated solutions to complete each scenario (Likelihood Ratings Task). Participants also rated their subjective experiences of pain in the last three months. Tests of reliability, including inter-rater agreement and internal consistency, produced two ambiguous scenario stimulus sets containing 18 and 20 scenarios, respectively. Further analyses revealed adults who reported more recent pain experiences were more likely to endorse the pain/pain-illness solutions in the Likelihood Ratings Task. This study provides two new stimulus sets for use with adults (including control items) in pain research and/or interventions. Results also provide evidence for a negative endorsement bias in adults.

KeywordsPain; Interpretation bias; Stimulus validation; Ambiguous Scenarios; Illness
Year2022
JournalFrontiers in Psychology
PublisherFrontiers Media SA
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2021.784887
Web address (URL)https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fpsyg.2021.784887/full
FunderUniversity of Derby
Accepted author manuscript
License
File Access Level
Open
Output statusPublished
Publication dates
Online06 Jan 2022
Publication process dates
Accepted13 Dec 2021
Deposited29 Mar 2022
Supplemental file
License
File Access Level
Open
Permalink -

https://repository.derby.ac.uk/item/95q09/interpretation-biases-in-pain-validation-of-two-new-stimulus-sets

Download files


Accepted author manuscript

Supplemental file
  • 15
    total views
  • 9
    total downloads
  • 3
    views this month
  • 6
    downloads this month

Export as

Related outputs

Standardised colour-coded compartmentalised syringe trays improve anaesthetic medication visual search and mitigate cognitive load
Victoria Laxton, Frances A. Maratos, David W. Hewson, Andrew Baird, Edward J.N. Stupple and Stupple, E. 2023. Standardised colour-coded compartmentalised syringe trays improve anaesthetic medication visual search and mitigate cognitive load. British Journal of Anaesthesia. pp. 1-8. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bja.2022.11.012
Exploring the predictors of physical inactivity in a university setting
Ndupu, L.B., Bussell, C., Faghy, M., Staples, V. and Lipka, S. 2023. Exploring the predictors of physical inactivity in a university setting. BMC Public Health. 23 (59). https://doi.org/10.1186/s12889-022-14953-5
Nurturing Compassionate Schools: A randomized controlled study of the efficacy of a Compassionate Mind Training program for teachers
Matos, M., Albuquerque, I., Galhardo, A., Cunha, M., Lima, M. P., Palmeira, M., Petrocchi, N., McEwan, K., Maratos, F. and Gilbert, P. 2022. Nurturing Compassionate Schools: A randomized controlled study of the efficacy of a Compassionate Mind Training program for teachers. PLos ONE. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0263480
Factors Influencing Successful Coping among Crime Scene Investigation (CSI) Personnel: Recruiting for Resilience – A Mixed Methods Study
Craven, H. P., Hallmark, M., Holland, F. and Maratos, F. 2022. Factors Influencing Successful Coping among Crime Scene Investigation (CSI) Personnel: Recruiting for Resilience – A Mixed Methods Study. Journal of Police and Criminal Psychology. pp. 1-20. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11896-022-09521-x
Exploring Pattern Recognition: What is the relationship between the recognition of words, faces and other objects?
Frances Maratos, Kar-Man Chu, Sigrid Lipka, Edward Stupple and Fabio Parente 2022. Exploring Pattern Recognition: What is the relationship between the recognition of words, faces and other objects? Research Square. https://doi.org/10.21203/rs.3.rs-348237/v1
Factors Influencing Successful Coping among Crime Scene Investigation (CSI) Personnel: Recruiting for Resilience - A Mixed Methods Study
Helen Craven, Michelle Hallmark, Fiona Holland and Frances Maratos 2022. Factors Influencing Successful Coping among Crime Scene Investigation (CSI) Personnel: Recruiting for Resilience - A Mixed Methods Study. https://doi.org/10.21203/rs.3.rs-1239287/v1
Authors' Responses to Peer Review of “Influence of the COVID-19 Lockdown on the Physical and Psychosocial Well-being and Work Productivity of Remote Workers: Cross-sectional Correlational Study”
Yessica Abigail Tronco Hernández, Fabio Parente, Mark A Faghy, Clare M P Roscoe, Frances A Maratos and Maratos, F. 2021. Authors' Responses to Peer Review of “Influence of the COVID-19 Lockdown on the Physical and Psychosocial Well-being and Work Productivity of Remote Workers: Cross-sectional Correlational Study”. JMIR Publications. https://doi.org/10.2196/34609
Influence of the COVID-19 lockdown on remote workers’ physical and psychosocial wellbeing and work productivity
Yessica Abigail Tronco Hernandez, Fabio Parente, Mark A. Faghy, Clare M. P. Roscoe and Frances Maratos 2021. Influence of the COVID-19 lockdown on remote workers’ physical and psychosocial wellbeing and work productivity. PsyArXiv. https://doi.org/10.31234/osf.io/dnuk3
Negative self-referential emotions and mental health in youth: The importance of self-criticism.
Ashra, H., Barnes, C., Stupple, E. and Maratos, F. 2021. Negative self-referential emotions and mental health in youth: The importance of self-criticism. Current Research In Psychiatry . 1 (4), pp. 63-67.
Multi-Component Physical Activity Interventions in the UK Must Consider Determinants of Activity to Increase Effectiveness
Faghy, Mark, Armstrong-Booth, Kirsty E, Staples, Vicki, Duncan, Micheal J and Roscoe, Clare M P 2021. Multi-Component Physical Activity Interventions in the UK Must Consider Determinants of Activity to Increase Effectiveness. Journal of Functional Morphology and Kinesiology. 6 (3), p. 56. https://doi.org/10.3390/jfmk6030056
Influence of the COVID-19 Lockdown on the Physical and Psychosocial Well-being and Work Productivity of Remote Workers: Cross-sectional Correlational Study
Tronco Hernández, Yessica Abigail, Fabio, Parente, Faghy, Mark, Roscoe, Clare M. P. and Maratos, Frances A. 2021. Influence of the COVID-19 Lockdown on the Physical and Psychosocial Well-being and Work Productivity of Remote Workers: Cross-sectional Correlational Study. JMIRxMed. 2 (4). https://doi.org/10.2196/30708
A systematic review of self-report measures of negative self-referential emotions developed for non-clinical child and adolescent samples
Ashra, Hajra, Barnes, Christopher, Stupple, Edward and Maratos, Frances A. 2021. A systematic review of self-report measures of negative self-referential emotions developed for non-clinical child and adolescent samples. Springer Science and Business Media LLC. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10567-020-00339-9
Building Compassionate Schools: Pilot Study of a Compassionate Mind Training Intervention to Promote Teachers’ Well-being
Matos, Marcela, Palmeira, Lara, Albuquerque, Isabel, Cunha, Marina, Pedroso Lima, Margarida, Galhardo, Ana, Maratos, Frances and GIlbert, Paul 2021. Building Compassionate Schools: Pilot Study of a Compassionate Mind Training Intervention to Promote Teachers’ Well-being. Mindfulness. 13, p. 145–161. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12671-021-01778-3
Embedding compassionate micro skills of communication in higher education: implementation with psychology undergraduates
Harvey, Caroline, Maratos, Frances, Montague, Jane, Gale, Maggie, Gilbert, Theo and Clark, Karen 2020. Embedding compassionate micro skills of communication in higher education: implementation with psychology undergraduates. British Psychological Society.
Using behavioural insights to reduce sugar in primary school children's packed lunches in derby; A cluster randomised controlled trial
Bunten, Amanda, Porter, Lucy, Burgess-Allen, Jilla, Howell-Jones, Rebecca, Jackson, Jessica, Ward, Derek, Staples, Vicki, Staples, Paul, Rowthorn, Harriet, Saei, Ayoub, van Schaik, Paul, Tydeman, Elizabeth, Blair, Penny, Hugueniot, Orla, Gold, Natalie and Chadborn, Tim 2020. Using behavioural insights to reduce sugar in primary school children's packed lunches in derby; A cluster randomised controlled trial. Elsevier BV. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.appet.2020.104987
Emotional faces, visuo-spatial working memory and anxiety
Maratos, Frances A., Simione, Luca and Raffone, Antonino 2020. Emotional faces, visuo-spatial working memory and anxiety. EC PSYCHOLOGY AND PSYCHIATRY. https://doi.org/10.31080/ecpp.2020.04.00599
The neurophysiological relationship between number anxiety and the EEG gamma-band
Batashvili, Michael, Staples, Paul, Baker, Ian and Sheffield, David 2020. The neurophysiological relationship between number anxiety and the EEG gamma-band. Journal of Cognitive Psychology. https://doi.org/10.1080/20445911.2020.1778006
The visual search strategies underpinning effective observational analysis in the coaching of climbing movement
Mitchell, James, Maratos, Frances, A, Giles, David, Taylor, Nicola, Butterworth, Andrew and Sheffield, David 2020. The visual search strategies underpinning effective observational analysis in the coaching of climbing movement. Frontiers. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2020.01025
Can compassion, happiness and sympathetic concern be differentiated on the basis of facial expression?
Condliffe, Otto and Maratos, Frances A. 2020. Can compassion, happiness and sympathetic concern be differentiated on the basis of facial expression? Cognition and Emotion. https://doi.org/10.1080/02699931.2020.1747989
Exploring the relationship between gamma-band activity and maths anxiety
Batashvili, Michael, Staples, Paul, Baker, Ian and Sheffield, David 2019. Exploring the relationship between gamma-band activity and maths anxiety. Cognition and Emotion. https://doi.org/10.1080/02699931.2019.1590317
Modelling Supernatural Belief: Cognition and Personality
Schofield, M., Baker, I., Staples, P. and Sheffield, D. 2020. Modelling Supernatural Belief: Cognition and Personality. Journal of the Society for Psychical Research. 84 (3), pp. 129-156.
Brief compassion-focused imagery dampens physiological pain responses
Maratos, Frances A. and Sheffield, David 2020. Brief compassion-focused imagery dampens physiological pain responses. Mindfulness. 11, p. 2730–2740. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12671-020-01485-5
Exploring the international utility of progressing compassionate mind training in school settings: a comparison of implementation effectiveness of the same curricula in the UK and Portugal
Maratos, Frances A., Matos, Marcela, Alberquerque, Isabel, Wood, Wendy, Palmeira, Lara, Cuna, Marina, Lima, Margarida and Gilbert, Paul 2020. Exploring the international utility of progressing compassionate mind training in school settings: a comparison of implementation effectiveness of the same curricula in the UK and Portugal. The Psychology of Education Review.
What drives prioritized visual processing? A motivational relevance account
Maratos, Frances A. and Pessoa, Luiz 2019. What drives prioritized visual processing? A motivational relevance account. Progress in Brain Research. https://doi.org/10.1016/bs.pbr.2019.03.028
An international study of analgesic dependence among people with pain in the general population
Omimah, Said, Elander, James and Maratos, Frances A. 2019. An international study of analgesic dependence among people with pain in the general population. Substance Use and Misuse. https://doi.org/10.1080/10826084.2019.1577457
Searching compassion in a crowd: Evaluation of a novel compassion visual search task to reduce self-criticism
McEwan, Kirsten, Dandeneau, Stephane, Gilbert, Paul, Maratos, Frances, Andrew, Lucy, Chotai, Shivani and Elander, James 2019. Searching compassion in a crowd: Evaluation of a novel compassion visual search task to reduce self-criticism. EC PSYCHOLOGY AND PSYCHIATRY.
Evaluation of a compassionate mind training intervention with school teachers and support staff
Maratos, Frances, Montague, Jane, Ashra, Hajra, Welford, Mary, Wood, Wendy, Barnes, Christopher, Sheffield, David and Gilbert, Paul 2019. Evaluation of a compassionate mind training intervention with school teachers and support staff. Mindfulness. 10, p. 2245–2258. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12671-019-01185-9
Mental Models or Probabilistic Reasoning or Both
Natasha Beeson, Edward J. N. Stupple, Malcolm B. Schofield, Paul Staples and Stupple, E. 2019. Mental Models or Probabilistic Reasoning or Both. Psihologijske teme. https://doi.org/10.31820/pt.28.1.2
Do individuals with Chronic Pain show attentional bias to pain-related information? An early stage systematic review of the eye-tracking evidence.
Gaffiero, D., Elander, James and Maratos, Frances 2019. Do individuals with Chronic Pain show attentional bias to pain-related information? An early stage systematic review of the eye-tracking evidence. Cognitive Psychology Bulletin.
Acquisition, development and maintenance of maths anxiety in young children
Petronzi, D., Staples, Paul, Sheffield, David and Hunt, Thomas 2019. Acquisition, development and maintenance of maths anxiety in young children. in: Routledge.
Development of a compassion-based training for cancer (CforC) curriculum for female breast cancer patients in stages I-III and cancer survivors. Origins, rationale and initial observations.
Wahl, Julia, Sheffield, David, Maratos, Frances A. and Archer, Stephanie 2018. Development of a compassion-based training for cancer (CforC) curriculum for female breast cancer patients in stages I-III and cancer survivors. Origins, rationale and initial observations. Mindfulness & Compassion.
The origins of disordered eating and childhood food neophobia: Applying an anxiety perspective.
Maratos, Frances A. and Sharpe, Emma 2018. The origins of disordered eating and childhood food neophobia: Applying an anxiety perspective. in: Woodhead Publishing.
Creation and Validation of the Belief in the Supernatural Scale
Schofield, M., Baker, I., Staples, P. and Sheffield, D. 2018. Creation and Validation of the Belief in the Supernatural Scale. Journal of Parapsychology. 82 (1), pp. 41-84. https://doi.org/10.30891/jopar.2018.01.04
Numeracy apprehension in young children: Insights from children aged 4-7 years and primary care providers
Petronzi, D., Staples, Paul, Sheffield, David and Fitton-Wilde, Sandra 2018. Numeracy apprehension in young children: Insights from children aged 4-7 years and primary care providers. Psychology and Education.
Further development of the Children’s Mathematics Anxiety Scale UK (CMAS-UK) for ages 4–7 years
Petronzi, D., Staples, Paul, Sheffield, David, Hunt, Thomas E. and Fitton-Wilde, Sandra 2018. Further development of the Children’s Mathematics Anxiety Scale UK (CMAS-UK) for ages 4–7 years. Educational Studies in Mathematics. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10649-018-9860-1
The effects of anxiety on temporal attention for emotive and neutral faces in children
Kelly, Lauren, Maratos, Frances A. and Lipka, Sigrid 2014. The effects of anxiety on temporal attention for emotive and neutral faces in children. Stress and Anxiety Research Society (STAR).
The physiological and emotional effects of touch: Assessing a hand-massage intervention with high self-critics
Maratos, Frances A., Duarte, Joana, Barnes, Christopher, McEwan, Kirsten, Sheffield, David and Gilbert, Paul 2017. The physiological and emotional effects of touch: Assessing a hand-massage intervention with high self-critics. Psychiatry Research. 250, pp. 221-227. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.psychres.2017.01.066
Development and validation of a short-form Pain Medication Attitudes Questionnaire (PMAQ-14)
Elander, James, Said, Omimah, Maratos, Frances A., Dys, Ada, Collins, Hannah and Schofield, M. 2017. Development and validation of a short-form Pain Medication Attitudes Questionnaire (PMAQ-14). Pain. 158 (3), pp. 400-407. https://doi.org/10.1097/j.pain.0000000000000773
The impact of a school-based gardening intervention on intentions and behaviour related to fruit and vegetable consumption in children
Duncan, Michael J., Eyre, Emma, Bryant, Elizabeth, Clarke, Neil, Birch, Samantha, Staples, Vicki and Sheffield, David 2015. The impact of a school-based gardening intervention on intentions and behaviour related to fruit and vegetable consumption in children. Journal of Health Psychology. https://doi.org/10.1177/1359105315573445
Joy and calm: how an evolutionary functional model of affect regulation informs positive emotions in nature
Richardson, Miles, McEwan, Kirsten, Maratos, Frances A. and Sheffield, David 2016. Joy and calm: how an evolutionary functional model of affect regulation informs positive emotions in nature. Evolutionary Psychological Science. https://doi.org/10.1007/s40806-016-0065-5
The Development of the Numeracy Apprehension Scale for Children Aged 4-7 Years: Qualitative Exploration of Associated Factors and Quantitative Testing
Petronzi, Dominic, Staples, Paul, Sheffield, David, Hunt, Thomas E. and Fitton-Wilde, Sandra 2018. The Development of the Numeracy Apprehension Scale for Children Aged 4-7 Years: Qualitative Exploration of Associated Factors and Quantitative Testing. Thesis
Attentional bias towards threatening and neutral facial expressions in high trait anxious children.
Kelly, Lauren, Maratos, Frances A., Lipka, Sigrid and Croker, Steve 2016. Attentional bias towards threatening and neutral facial expressions in high trait anxious children. Journal of Experimental Psychopathology. https://doi.org/10.5127/jep.052915
Nature: a new paradigm for well-being and ergonomics
Richardson, Miles, Maspero, Marta, Golightly, David, Sheffield, David, Staples, Vicki and Lumber, Ryan 2016. Nature: a new paradigm for well-being and ergonomics. Ergonomics. https://doi.org/10.1080/00140139.2016.1157213
Visual processing speeds in children
Maratos, Frances A. and Croker, Steve 2011. Visual processing speeds in children. Child Development Research. https://doi.org/10.1155/2011/450178
Mental representations of the supernatural: A cluster analysis of religiosity, spirituality and paranormal belief
Schofield, M., Baker, Ian S., Staples, Paul and Sheffield, David 2016. Mental representations of the supernatural: A cluster analysis of religiosity, spirituality and paranormal belief. Personality and Individual Differences. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.paid.2016.06.020
Recognition of subtle and universal facial expressions in a community-based sample of adults classified with intellectual disability
Owen, S. and Maratos, Frances A. 2016. Recognition of subtle and universal facial expressions in a community-based sample of adults classified with intellectual disability. Journal of Intellectual Disability Research. 60 (4), pp. 344-354. https://doi.org/10.1111/jir.12253
Investigating the relationship between consultation length and patient experience: A cross-sectional study in primary care
Elmore, N., Burt, J., Abel, G., Maratos, F.A., Montague, J., Campbell, J. and Roland, M. 2016. Investigating the relationship between consultation length and patient experience: A cross-sectional study in primary care. British Journal of General Practice. 66 (653), pp. 896-903. https://doi.org/10.3399/bjgp16x687733
Do Cardiovascular Responses to Active and Passive Coping Tasks predict Future Blood Pressure over a 10-Month Later?
Yuenyongchaiwat, Kornanong, Baker, Ian S., Maratos, Frances A. and Sheffield, David 2016. Do Cardiovascular Responses to Active and Passive Coping Tasks predict Future Blood Pressure over a 10-Month Later? The Spanish Journal of Psychology. 19. https://doi.org/10.1017/sjp.2016.5
Development of the critical thinking toolkit (CriTT): A measure of student attitudes and beliefs about critical thinking
Stupple, Edward J. N., Maratos, Frances A., Elander, James, Hunt, Thomas E., Cheung, Kevin Yet Fong and Aubeeluck, Aimee 2016. Development of the critical thinking toolkit (CriTT): A measure of student attitudes and beliefs about critical thinking. Thinking Skills and Creativity. 23, pp. 91-100. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tsc.2016.11.007
Hemodynamic responses to active and passive coping tasks and the prediction of future blood pressure in Thai participants: A preliminary prospective cohort study
Yuenyongchaiwat, K., Sheffield, D., Baker, I. and Maratos, F. 2015. Hemodynamic responses to active and passive coping tasks and the prediction of future blood pressure in Thai participants: A preliminary prospective cohort study. Japanese Psychological Research. 57 (4), pp. 288-299. https://doi.org/10.1111/jpr.12089
When is a face a face? Schematic faces, emotion, attention and the N170
Maratos, F.A., Garner, M., Hogan, A.M. and Karl, A. 2015. When is a face a face? Schematic faces, emotion, attention and the N170. AIMS Neuroscience. 2 (3), pp. 172-182. https://doi.org/10.3934/neuroscience.2015.3.172
Do therapeutic imagery practices affect physiological and emotional indicators of threat in high self-critics?
Duarte, Joana, McEwan, Kirsten, Barnes, Christopher, Gilbert, Paul and Maratos, Frances A. 2015. Do therapeutic imagery practices affect physiological and emotional indicators of threat in high self-critics? Psychology and Psychotherapy: Theory, Research and Practice. https://doi.org/10.1111/papt.12043
Attentional biases towards familiar and unfamiliar foods in children. The role of food neophobia
Maratos, Frances A. and Staples, Paul 2015. Attentional biases towards familiar and unfamiliar foods in children. The role of food neophobia. Appetite. 91, pp. 220-225. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.appet.2015.04.003
Facial expressions depicting compassionate and critical emotions: the development and validation of a new emotional face stimulus set
McEwan, Kirsten, Gilbert, Paul, Dandeneau, Stephane, Lipka, Sigrid, Maratos, Frances A., Paterson, Kevin B. and Baldwin, Mark 2014. Facial expressions depicting compassionate and critical emotions: the development and validation of a new emotional face stimulus set. PLos ONE. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0088783
Emotion based attentional priority for storage in visual short-term memory
Simione, Luca, Calabrese, Lucia, Belardinelli, Marta Olivetti, Marucci, Francesco Saverio, Raffone, Antonino and Maratos, Frances A. 2014. Emotion based attentional priority for storage in visual short-term memory. PLos ONE. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0095261
In search of critical thinking in psychology: an exploration of student and lecturer understandings in higher education
Duro, Elaine, Elander, James, Maratos, Frances A., Stupple, Edward J. N. and Aubeeluck, Aimee 2013. In search of critical thinking in psychology: an exploration of student and lecturer understandings in higher education. Psychology Learning & Teaching. 12 (3). https://doi.org/10.2304/plat.2013.12.3.275
Predictors of painkiller dependence among people with pain in the general population
Elander, James, Duarte, Joana, Maratos, Frances A. and Gilbert, Paul 2013. Predictors of painkiller dependence among people with pain in the general population. Pain Medicine. 15 (4), p. 613–624. https://doi.org/10.1111/pme.12263
An exploration of the experience of mental health service users when they decide they would like to change or withdraw from prescribed medications
Gale, Corinne, Baldwin, Laurence, Staples, Vicki, Montague, Jane and Waldram, Dave 2012. An exploration of the experience of mental health service users when they decide they would like to change or withdraw from prescribed medications. Journal of Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2850.2011.01860.x
Early gamma-band activity as a function of threat processing in the extrastriate visual cortex
Maratos, Frances A., Senior, Carl, Mogg, Karin, Bradley, Brendan P. and Rippon, Gina 2012. Early gamma-band activity as a function of threat processing in the extrastriate visual cortex. Cognitive Neuroscience. 3 (1), pp. 62-68. https://doi.org/10.1080/17588928.2011.613989
Temporal processing of emotional stimuli: The capture and release of attention by angry faces
Maratos, Frances A. 2011. Temporal processing of emotional stimuli: The capture and release of attention by angry faces. Emotion. 11 (5), p. 1242–1247. https://doi.org/10.1037/a0024279
Having a word with yourself: Neural correlates of self-criticism and self-reassurance
Longe, O., Maratos, F.A., Gilbert, P., Evans, G., Volker, F., Rockliff, H. and Rippon, G. 2010. Having a word with yourself: Neural correlates of self-criticism and self-reassurance. NeuroImage. 49 (2), pp. 1849-1856. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.neuroimage.2009.09.019
Coarse threat images reveal theta oscillations in the amygdala: A magnetoencephalography study
Maratos, F.A., Mogg, K., Bradley, B.P., Rippon, G. and Senior, C. 2009. Coarse threat images reveal theta oscillations in the amygdala: A magnetoencephalography study. Cognitive, Affective and Behavioral Neuroscience. 9, p. 133–143. https://doi.org/10.3758/cabn.9.2.133
Identification of angry faces in the attentional blink
Maratos, Frances A., Mogg, Karin and Bradley, Brendan P. 2008. Identification of angry faces in the attentional blink. Cognition and Emotion. 22 (7), pp. 1340-1352. https://doi.org/10.1080/02699930701774218
The spatial distribution and temporal dynamics of brain regions activated during the perception of object and non-object patterns
Maratos, F.A., Anderson, S.J., Hillebrand, A., Singh, K.D. and Barnes, G.R. 2007. The spatial distribution and temporal dynamics of brain regions activated during the perception of object and non-object patterns. NeuroImage. 34 (1), pp. 371-383. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.neuroimage.2006.09.017