Predictors of painkiller dependence among people with pain in the general population

Journal article


Elander, James, Duarte, Joana, Maratos, Frances A. and Gilbert, Paul 2013. Predictors of painkiller dependence among people with pain in the general population. Pain Medicine. 15 (4), p. 613–624. https://doi.org/10.1111/pme.12263
AuthorsElander, James, Duarte, Joana, Maratos, Frances A. and Gilbert, Paul
Abstract

Aims: Self-medication with painkillers is widespread and increasing, and evidence about influences on painkiller dependence is needed to inform efforts to prevent and treat problem painkiller use.

Design: Online questionnaire survey.

Participants: People in the general population who had pain and used painkillers in the last month (n=112).

Measurements: Pain frequency and intensity, use of over-the-counter and prescription painkillers, risk of substance abuse (SOAPP scale), depression, anxiety, stress, alexithymia, pain catastrophizing, pain anxiety, pain self-efficacy, pain acceptance, mindfulness, self-compassion, and painkiller dependence (Leeds Dependence Questionnaire).

Findings: In multiple regression, the independent predictors of painkiller dependence were prescription painkiller use (ß 0.21), SOAPP score (ß 0.31), and pain acceptance (ß -0.29). Prescription painkiller use mediated the influence of pain intensity. Alexithymia, anxiety and pain acceptance all moderated the influence of pain.

Conclusions: The people most at risk of developing painkiller dependence are those who use prescription painkillers more frequently, who have a prior history of substance-related problems more generally, and who are less accepting of pain. Based on these findings, a preliminary model is presented with three types of influence on the development of painkiller dependence: a) pain leading to painkiller use, b) risk factors for substance-related problems irrespective of pain, and c) psychological factors related to pain. The model could guide further research among the general population and high risk groups, and acceptance-based interventions could be adapted and evaluated as methods to prevent and treat painkiller dependence.

KeywordsAnalgesics; Addiction; painkillers
Year2013
JournalPain Medicine
Journal citation15 (4), p. 613–624
PublisherOxford Academic
ISSN15262375
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1111/pme.12263
Web address (URL)https://academic.oup.com/painmedicine/article/15/4/613/1930672
http://doi.wiley.com/10.1111/pme.12263
http://hdl.handle.net/10545/550875
hdl:10545/550875
Output statusPublished
Publication dates09 Apr 2014
Publication process dates
Deposited29 Apr 2015
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ContributorsUniversity of Derby, University of Derby, Coimbra University, Coimbra, Portugal, University of Derby and University of Derby
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Gilbert, Paul 2019. Distinguishing shame, humiliation and guilt: an evolutionary functional analysis and compassion focused Interventions. in: Springer International Publishing.
Treating hoarding disorder with compassion‐focused therapy: A pilot study examining treatment feasibility, acceptability, and exploring treatment effects
Chou, Chia‐Ying, Tsoh, Janice Y., Shumway, Martha, Smith, Lauren C., Chan, Joanne, Delucchi, Kevin, Tirch, Dennis, Gilbert, Paul and Mathews, Carol A. 2019. Treating hoarding disorder with compassion‐focused therapy: A pilot study examining treatment feasibility, acceptability, and exploring treatment effects. British Journal of Clinical Psychology. https://doi.org/10.1111/bjc.12228
‘A definite feel-it moment’: Embodiment, externalization and emotion during chair-work in compassion-focused therapy
Bell, Tobyn, Montague, Jane, Elander, James and Gilbert, Paul 2019. ‘A definite feel-it moment’: Embodiment, externalization and emotion during chair-work in compassion-focused therapy. Counselling and Psychotherapy Research. https://doi.org/10.1002/capr.12248
The role of compassionate and self-image goals in predicting psychological controlling and facilitative parenting styles.
Kirby, James, Grzazek, Olivia and Gilbert, Paul 2019. The role of compassionate and self-image goals in predicting psychological controlling and facilitative parenting styles. Frontiers in Psychology. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2019.01041
What drives prioritized visual processing? A motivational relevance account
Maratos, Frances A. and Pessoa, Luiz 2019. What drives prioritized visual processing? A motivational relevance account. Progress in Brain Research. https://doi.org/10.1016/bs.pbr.2019.03.028
Multiple group IRT measurement invariance analysis of the forms of self-criticising/attacking and self-reassuring scale in thirteen international samples
Halamová, Júlia, Kanovský, Martin, Gilbert, Paul, Troop, Nicholas, Zuroff, David C., Petrocchi, Nicola, Hermanto, Nicola, Krieger, Tobias, Kirby, James, Asano, Kenichi, Matos, Marcela, Yu, FuYa, Sommers-Spijkerman, Marion, Shahar, Ben, Basran, Jaskaran and Kupeli, Nuriye 2019. Multiple group IRT measurement invariance analysis of the forms of self-criticising/attacking and self-reassuring scale in thirteen international samples. Journal of Rational-Emotive & Cognitive-Behavior Therapy. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10942-019-00319-1
The development of the compassion focused therapy therapist competence rating scale
Horwood, Victoria, Allan, Steven, Goss, Kenneth and Gilbert, Paul 2019. The development of the compassion focused therapy therapist competence rating scale. Psychology and Psychotherapy: Theory, Research and Practice. https://doi.org/10.1111/papt.12230
Haemophilia
Elander, James 2019. Haemophilia. in: Cambridge University Press.
Sickle cell disease
Elander, James 2019. Sickle cell disease. in: Cambridge University Press.
The evolution of prosocial and antisocial competitive behaviour and the emergence of prosocial and antisocial leadership styles
Gilbert, Paul and Basran, Jaskaran 2019. The evolution of prosocial and antisocial competitive behaviour and the emergence of prosocial and antisocial leadership styles. Frontiers in Psychology. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2019.00610
Human evolution and culture in relationship to shame in the parenting role: Implications for psychology and psychotherapy
Kirby, James N., Sampson, Hayley, Day, Jamin, Hayes, Alan and Gilbert, Paul 2019. Human evolution and culture in relationship to shame in the parenting role: Implications for psychology and psychotherapy. Psychology and Psychotherapy: Theory, Research and Practice. https://doi.org/10.1111/papt.12223
Psychotherapy for the 21st century: An integrative, evolutionary, contextual, biopsychosocial approach
Gilbert, Paul 2019. Psychotherapy for the 21st century: An integrative, evolutionary, contextual, biopsychosocial approach. Psychology and Psychotherapy. 92 (2). https://doi.org/10.1111/papt.2019.92.issue-2
Building an integrative science for psychotherapy for the 21st-century: Preface and introduction
Gilbert, Paul and Kirby, James 2019. Building an integrative science for psychotherapy for the 21st-century: Preface and introduction. Psychology and Psychotherapy. https://doi.org/10.1111/papt.12225
An international study of analgesic dependence among people with pain in the general population
Omimah, Said, Elander, James and Maratos, Frances A. 2019. An international study of analgesic dependence among people with pain in the general population. Substance Use and Misuse. https://doi.org/10.1080/10826084.2019.1577457
Searching compassion in a crowd: Evaluation of a novel compassion visual search task to reduce self-criticism
McEwan, Kirsten, Dandeneau, Stephane, Gilbert, Paul, Maratos, Frances, Andrew, Lucy, Chotai, Shivani and Elander, James 2019. Searching compassion in a crowd: Evaluation of a novel compassion visual search task to reduce self-criticism. EC PSYCHOLOGY AND PSYCHIATRY.
Imagining one's compassionate self and coping with life difficulties
Gilbert, Paul and Basran, Jaskaran 2018. Imagining one's compassionate self and coping with life difficulties. EC PSYCHOLOGY AND PSYCHIATRY.
A proof‐of‐concept pilot randomized comparative trial of brief Internet‐based compassionate mind training and cognitive‐behavioral therapy for perinatal and intending to become pregnant women
Kelman, Alex, R., Evare, Benjamin, S., Barrera, Alinne, Z., Munoz, Ricardo, F. and Gilbert, Paul 2018. A proof‐of‐concept pilot randomized comparative trial of brief Internet‐based compassionate mind training and cognitive‐behavioral therapy for perinatal and intending to become pregnant women. Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy. https://doi.org/10.1002/cpp.2185
Explorations into the nature and function of compassion
Gilbert, Paul 2018. Explorations into the nature and function of compassion. Current Opinion in Psychology. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.copsyc.2018.12.002
Self-reassurance, not self-esteem, serves as a buffer between self-criticism and depressive symptoms
Petrocchi, Nicola, Dentale, Francesco and Gilbert, Paul 2018. Self-reassurance, not self-esteem, serves as a buffer between self-criticism and depressive symptoms. Psychology and Psychotherapy. https://doi.org/10.1111/papt.12186
Compassionate faces: Evidence for distinctive facial expressions associated with specific prosocial motivations
Falconer, Caroline, J., Lobmaier, Janek, S., Cristoforou, Marina, Kamboj, Sunjeev, K., King, John, A., Gilbert, Paul and Brewin, Chris, R. 2018. Compassionate faces: Evidence for distinctive facial expressions associated with specific prosocial motivations. PLos ONE. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0210283
Commentary Regarding Wilson et al. (2018) 'Effectiveness of ‘Self-Compassion’ Related Therapies: a Systematic Review and Meta-analysis.” All Is Not as It Seems
Kirby, J and Gilbert, Paul 2019. Commentary Regarding Wilson et al. (2018) 'Effectiveness of ‘Self-Compassion’ Related Therapies: a Systematic Review and Meta-analysis.” All Is Not as It Seems. Mindfulness. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12671-018-1088-8
Compassion Focused Approaches to Working With Distressing Voices
Heriot-Maitland, Charles, McCarthy-Jones, Simon, Longden, Eleanor and Gilbert, Paul 2019. Compassion Focused Approaches to Working With Distressing Voices. Frontiers in Psychology. 10. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2019.00152
Styles of leadership, fears of compassion, and competing to avoid inferiority.
Basran, Jaskaran, Pires, Claudia, Matos, Marcela, McEwan, Kirsten and Gilbert, Paul 2019. Styles of leadership, fears of compassion, and competing to avoid inferiority. Frontiers in Psychology. 9. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2018.02460
The invisible child: sibling experiences of growing up with a brother with severe haemophilia - an interpretative phenomenological analysis.
Tregidgo, Catherine and Elander, James 2018. The invisible child: sibling experiences of growing up with a brother with severe haemophilia - an interpretative phenomenological analysis. Haemophilia. https://doi.org/10.1111/hae.13659
The factor structure of the Forms of Self-Criticising/Attacking & Self-Reassuring Scale in thirteen distinct populations.
Halamová, Júlia, Kanovský, Martin, Gilbert, Paul, Troop, Nicholas A., Zuroff, David C., Hermanto, Nicola, Petrocchi, Nicola, Sommers-Spijkerman, Marion, Kirby, James N., Shahar, Ben, Krieger, Tobias, Matos, Marcela, Asano, Kenichi, Yu, FuYa, Basran, Jaskaran and Kupeli, Nuriye 2018. The factor structure of the Forms of Self-Criticising/Attacking & Self-Reassuring Scale in thirteen distinct populations. Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment. 40 (4), pp. 736-751. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10862-018-9686-2
Effect of adding a compassion-focused intervention on emotion, eating and weight outcomes in a commercial weight management programme
Duarte, Cristiana, Gilbert, Paul, Stalker, C., Catarino, Francisca, Basran, Jaskaran, Scott, Sarah, Horgan, Graham and Stubbs, R James 2019. Effect of adding a compassion-focused intervention on emotion, eating and weight outcomes in a commercial weight management programme. Journal of Health Psychology. https://doi.org/10.1177/1359105319890019
Evaluation of a compassionate mind training intervention with school teachers and support staff
Maratos, Frances, Montague, Jane, Ashra, Hajra, Welford, Mary, Wood, Wendy, Barnes, Christopher, Sheffield, David and Gilbert, Paul 2019. Evaluation of a compassionate mind training intervention with school teachers and support staff. Mindfulness. 10, p. 2245–2258. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12671-019-01185-9
Do individuals with Chronic Pain show attentional bias to pain-related information? An early stage systematic review of the eye-tracking evidence.
Gaffiero, D., Elander, James and Maratos, Frances 2019. Do individuals with Chronic Pain show attentional bias to pain-related information? An early stage systematic review of the eye-tracking evidence. Cognitive Psychology Bulletin.
Development and validation of the satisfaction with treatment for pain questionnaire (STPQ) among patients with sickle cell disease
Bij, Deepali, Kapadi, Romaana, Schofield, M., Osias, Arlene, Khalid, Nosheen, Kaya, Banu, Telfer, Paul and Elander, James 2019. Development and validation of the satisfaction with treatment for pain questionnaire (STPQ) among patients with sickle cell disease. British Journal of Haematology. https://doi.org/10.1111/bjh.16015
Development of a compassion-based training for cancer (CforC) curriculum for female breast cancer patients in stages I-III and cancer survivors. Origins, rationale and initial observations.
Wahl, Julia, Sheffield, David, Maratos, Frances A. and Archer, Stephanie 2018. Development of a compassion-based training for cancer (CforC) curriculum for female breast cancer patients in stages I-III and cancer survivors. Origins, rationale and initial observations. Mindfulness & Compassion.
Evaluation of a measure of sickle cell disease patients’ satisfaction with hospital care: A student researcher’s perspective.
Elander, James 2018. Evaluation of a measure of sickle cell disease patients’ satisfaction with hospital care: A student researcher’s perspective. Health Psychology Update.
An exploration into depression-focused and anger-focused rumination in relation to depression in a student population.
Gilbert, Paul, Cheung, Mimi, Irons, Christopher Paul and McEwan, Kirsten 2005. An exploration into depression-focused and anger-focused rumination in relation to depression in a student population. Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy. https://doi.org/10.1017/S1352465804002048
The relation of entrapment, shame and guilt to depression, in carers of people with dementia.
Martin, Y., Gilbert, Paul, McEwan, Kirsten and Irons, Christopher Paul 2006. The relation of entrapment, shame and guilt to depression, in carers of people with dementia. Aging and Mental Health. https://doi.org/10.1080/13607860500311953
Interpersonal sensitivities: their link to mood, anger and gender.
Gilbert, Paul, Irons, Christopher Paul, Olsen, K., Gilbert, Jean and McEwan, Kirsten 2006. Interpersonal sensitivities: their link to mood, anger and gender. Psychology and Psychotherapy: Theory, Research and Practice. https://doi.org/10.1348/147608305X43856
Eating attitudes and striving to avoid inferiority.
Bellew, Rebecca, Gilbert, Paul, Mills, Alison, McEwan, Kirsten and Gale, Corinne 2006. Eating attitudes and striving to avoid inferiority. Eating Disorders. https://doi.org/10.1080/10640260600796242
Investigating relationships between perfectionism, forms and functions of self-criticism, and sensitivity to put-down.
Gilbert, Paul, Durrant, R. and McEwan, Kirsten 2006. Investigating relationships between perfectionism, forms and functions of self-criticism, and sensitivity to put-down. Personality and Individual Differences. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.paid.2006.05.004
Social rank and attachment in people with a bipolar disorder.
Gilbert, Paul, McEwan, Kirsten, Hay, J, Irons, Christopher Paul and Cheung, M. 2007. Social rank and attachment in people with a bipolar disorder. Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy. https://doi.org/10.1002/cpp.508
Cultural differences in shame-focused attitudes towards mental health problems in Asian and Non-Asian student women.
Gilbert, Paul, Bhundia, Rakhee, Mitra, Ranjana, McEwan, Kirsten, Irons, Christopher Paul and Sanghera, Jasvinder 2007. Cultural differences in shame-focused attitudes towards mental health problems in Asian and Non-Asian student women. Mental Health Religion & Culture. https://doi.org/10.1080/13694670500415124
Paranoid beliefs and self-criticism in students.
Mills, Alison, Gilbert, Paul, Bellew, Rebecca, McEwan, Kirsten and Gale, Corinne 2007. Paranoid beliefs and self-criticism in students. Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy. https://doi.org/10.1002/cpp.537
Development of a striving to avoid inferiority scale.
Gilbert, Paul, Broomhead, Claire, Irons, Christopher Paul, McEwan, Kirsten, Bellew, Rebecca, Mills, Alison, Gale, Corinne and Knibb, Rebecca C. 2007. Development of a striving to avoid inferiority scale. British Journal of Social Psychology. https://doi.org/10.1348/014466606X157789
A pilot exploration of heart rate variability and salivary cortisol responses to compassion-focused imagery.
Rockliff, Helen, Gilbert, Paul, McEwan, Kirsten, Lightman, Stafford and Glover, David 2008. A pilot exploration of heart rate variability and salivary cortisol responses to compassion-focused imagery. Clinical Neuropsychiatry: Journal of Treatment Evaluation.
Feeling safe and content: A specific affect regulation system? Relationship to depression, anxiety, stress, and self-criticism.
Gilbert, Paul, McEwan, Kirsten, Mitra, Ranjana, Franks, Leigh, Richter, Anne and Rockliff, Helen 2008. Feeling safe and content: A specific affect regulation system? Relationship to depression, anxiety, stress, and self-criticism. The Journal of Positive Psychology. https://doi.org/10.1080/17439760801999461
The dark side of competition: How competitive behaviour and striving to avoid inferiority are linked to depression, anxiety, stress and self-harm.
Gilbert, Paul, McEwan, Kirsten, Bellew, Rebecca, Mills, Alison and Gale, Corinne 2009. The dark side of competition: How competitive behaviour and striving to avoid inferiority are linked to depression, anxiety, stress and self-harm. Psychology and Psychotherapy: Theory, Research and Practice. https://doi.org/10.1348/147608308X379806
An exploration of different types of positive affect in students and patients with bipolar disorder.
Gilbert, Paul, McEwan, Kirsten, Mitra, Ranjana, Richter, Anne, Franks, Leigh, Mills, Alison, Bellew, Rebecca and Gale, Corinne 2009. An exploration of different types of positive affect in students and patients with bipolar disorder. Clinical Neuropsychiatry: Journal of Treatment Evaluation.
Development of an early memories of warmth and safeness scale and its relationship to psychopathology.
Richter, Anne, Gilbert, Paul and McEwan, Kirsten 2009. Development of an early memories of warmth and safeness scale and its relationship to psychopathology. Psychology and Psychotherapy: Theory, Research and Practice. https://doi.org/10.1348/147608308X395213
Striving and competing and its relationship to self-harm in young adults.
Williams, Katie, Gilbert, Paul and McEwan, Kirsten 2009. Striving and competing and its relationship to self-harm in young adults. International Journal of Cognitive Therapy. https://doi.org/10.1521/ijct.2009.2.3.282
Self-harm in a mixed clinical population: The roles of self-criticism, shame, and social rank.
Gilbert, Paul, McEwan, Kirsten, Irons, Christopher Paul, Bhundia, Rakhee, Christie, Rachael, Broomhead, Claire and Rockliff, Helen 2010. Self-harm in a mixed clinical population: The roles of self-criticism, shame, and social rank. British Journal of Clinical Psychology. https://doi.org/10.1348/014466509X479771
Effects of intranasal oxytocin on compassion focused imagery.
Rockliff, Helen, Karl, Anke, McEwan, Kirsten, Gilbert, Jean, Matos, Marcela and Gilbert, Paul 2011. Effects of intranasal oxytocin on compassion focused imagery. Emotion. https://doi.org/10.1037/a0023861
Fears of compassion: development of three self-report measures.
Gilbert, Paul, McEwan, Kirsten, Matos, Marcela and Rivis, Amanda 2011. Fears of compassion: development of three self-report measures. Psychology and Psychotherapy: Theory, Research and Practice. https://doi.org/10.1348/147608310X526511
The relationship between self-concealment and disclosure, early experiences, attachement, and social comparison.
Cruddas, Sarah, Gilbert, Paul and McEwan, Kirsten 2012. The relationship between self-concealment and disclosure, early experiences, attachement, and social comparison. International Journal of Cognitive Therapy. https://doi.org/10.1521/ijct.2012.5.1.28
An exploration of competitiveness and caring in relation to psychopathology.
McEwan, Kirsten, Gilbert, Paul and Duarte, Joana 2011. An exploration of competitiveness and caring in relation to psychopathology. British Journal of Clinical Psychology. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.2044-8260.2011.02010.x
An exploration of group-based compassion focused therapy for a heterogeneous range of clients presenting to a community mental health team.
Judge, Lorna, Cleghorn, Ailish, McEwan, Kirsten and Gilbert, Paul 2012. An exploration of group-based compassion focused therapy for a heterogeneous range of clients presenting to a community mental health team. International Journal of Cognitive Therapy. https://doi.org/10.1521/ijct.2012.5.4.420
Fears of compassion and happiness in relation to alexithymia, mindfulness, and self-criticism.
Gilbert, Paul, McEwan, Kirsten, Gibbons, L., Duarte, Joana and Matos, Marcela 2011. Fears of compassion and happiness in relation to alexithymia, mindfulness, and self-criticism. Psychology and Psychotherapy: Theory, Research and Practice. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.2044-8341.2011.02046.x
Evaluation of a web-based self-compassion intervention to reduce student assessment anxiety.
McEwan, Kirsten, Elander, James and Gilbert, Paul 2018. Evaluation of a web-based self-compassion intervention to reduce student assessment anxiety. Interdisciplinary Education and Psychology.
Human nature and suffering.
Gilbert, Paul 2016. Human nature and suffering. Routledge.
Compassion: Concepts, research and applications.
Gilbert, Paul 2017. Compassion: Concepts, research and applications. Routledge.
An evolutionary approach to emotion in mental health with a focus on affiliative emotions.
Gilbert, Paul 2015. An evolutionary approach to emotion in mental health with a focus on affiliative emotions. Emotion Review. https://doi.org/10.1177/1754073915576552
Fears of happiness and compassion in relationship with depression, alexithymia, and attachment security in a depressed sample.
Gilbert, Paul, McEwan, Kirsten, Catarino, Francisca, Baião, Rita and Palmeira, Lara 2013. Fears of happiness and compassion in relationship with depression, alexithymia, and attachment security in a depressed sample. British Journal of Clinical Psychology. https://doi.org/10.1111/bjc.12037
Compassion-focused therapy: Preface and introduction for special section.
Gilbert, Paul 2014. Compassion-focused therapy: Preface and introduction for special section. British Journal of Clinical Psychology. https://doi.org/10.1111/bjc.12045
Cultivating the compassionate self against depression: An exploration of processes of change.
Matos, Marcela, Duarte, Joana, Duarte, Cristiana, Pinto-Gouveia, José and Gilbert, Paul 2017. Cultivating the compassionate self against depression: An exploration of processes of change. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.eurpsy.2017.02.344
Development and validation of the forms of self-criticizing / attacking and self-reassuring scale - Short form.
Sommers-Spijkerman, Marion, Trompetter, Hester, ten Klooster, Peter, Schreurs, Karlein, Gilbert, Paul and Bohlmeijer, Ernst 2017. Development and validation of the forms of self-criticizing / attacking and self-reassuring scale - Short form. Psychological Assessment. https://doi.org/10.1037/pas0000514
Self-disgust, self-hatred, and compassion focused therapy.
Gilbert, Paul 2015. Self-disgust, self-hatred, and compassion focused therapy. in: Karnac Books.
Compassion, fears, blocks and resistances: An evolutionary investigation.
Gilbert, Paul and Mascaro, Jennifer 2017. Compassion, fears, blocks and resistances: An evolutionary investigation. in: Oxford University Press.
Living like crazy
Gilbert, Paul 2017. Living like crazy. Annwyn House.
The design of compassionate care.
Crawford, Paul, Brown, Brian, Kvangarsnes, Marit and Gilbert, Paul 2014. The design of compassionate care. Journal of Clinical Nursing. https://doi.org/10.1111/jocn.12632
How one experiences and embodies compassionate mind training influences its effectiveness.
Matos, Marcela, Duarte, Joana, Duarte, Cristiana, Gilbert, Paul and Pinto-Gouveia, José 2017. How one experiences and embodies compassionate mind training influences its effectiveness. Mindfulness. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12671-017-0864-1
‘Do you practice what you preach?’ A qualitative exploration of therapists' personal practice of compassion focused therapy.
Gale, Corinne, Schröder, Thomas and Gilbert, Paul 2015. ‘Do you practice what you preach?’ A qualitative exploration of therapists' personal practice of compassion focused therapy. Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy. https://doi.org/10.1002/cpp.1993
A qualitative study of the understanding and use of ‘compassion focused coping strategies’ in people who suffer from serious weight difficulties.
Gilbert, Jean, Stubbs, James, Gale, Corinne, Gilbert, Paul, Dunk, Laura and Thomson, Louise 2014. A qualitative study of the understanding and use of ‘compassion focused coping strategies’ in people who suffer from serious weight difficulties. Journal of Compassionate Health Care. https://doi.org/10.1186/s40639-014-0009-5
The impact of self-criticism and self-reassurance on weight-related affect and well-being in participants of a commercial weight management programme.
Duarte, Cristiana, Stubbs, James, Pinto-Gouveia, José, Matos, Marcela, Gale, Corinne, Morris, Liam and Gilbert, Paul 2017. The impact of self-criticism and self-reassurance on weight-related affect and well-being in participants of a commercial weight management programme. Obesity Facts. https://doi.org/10.1159/000454834
A brief outline of the evolutionary approach for compassion focused therapy.
Gilbert, Paul 2017. A brief outline of the evolutionary approach for compassion focused therapy. EC PSYCHOLOGY AND PSYCHIATRY.
Comparing brief internet-based compassionate mind training and cognitive behavioral therapy for perinatal women: Study protocol for a randomized controlled trial.
Kelman, Alex R, Stanley, Meagan L, Barrera, Alinne Z, Cree, Michelle, Heineberg, Yotam and Gilbert, Paul 2016. Comparing brief internet-based compassionate mind training and cognitive behavioral therapy for perinatal women: Study protocol for a randomized controlled trial. JMIR Research Protocols. https://doi.org/10.2196/resprot.5332
Body dysmorphic disorder: The functional and evolutionary context in phenomenology and a compassionate mind.
Veale, David and Gilbert, Paul 2013. Body dysmorphic disorder: The functional and evolutionary context in phenomenology and a compassionate mind. Journal of Obsessive-Compulsive and Related Disorders. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jocrd.2013.11.005
The effect of shame and shame memories on paranoid ideation and social anxiety.
Matos, Marcela, Pinto-Gouveia, José and Gilbert, Paul 2012. The effect of shame and shame memories on paranoid ideation and social anxiety. Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy. https://doi.org/10.1002/cpp.1766
A descriptive study of feelings of arrested escape (entrapment) and arrested anger in people presenting to an emergency department following an episode of self-harm.
Clarke, Martin, McEwan, Kirsten, Ness, Jennifer, Waters, Keith, Basran, Jaskaran and Gilbert, Paul 2016. A descriptive study of feelings of arrested escape (entrapment) and arrested anger in people presenting to an emergency department following an episode of self-harm. Frontiers in Psychiatry. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyt.2016.00155
Attitudes towards mental health problems scale: Confirmatory factor analysis and validation in the Portuguese population.
Cabral Master, Joana Moura, Barreto Carvalho, Célia Maria de Oliveira, Motta, Carolina Dall’Antonia, Sousa, Marina Correia and Gilbert, Paul 2016. Attitudes towards mental health problems scale: Confirmatory factor analysis and validation in the Portuguese population. American Journal of Psychiatric Rehabilitation. https://doi.org/10.1080/15487768.2016.1197860
Development of a compassion-focused and contextual behavioural environment and validation of the Therapeutic Environment Scales (TESS).
Veale, David, Miles, Sarah, Naismith, Iona, Pieta, Maria and Gilbert, Paul 2016. Development of a compassion-focused and contextual behavioural environment and validation of the Therapeutic Environment Scales (TESS). BJPsych Bulletin. https://doi.org/10.1192/pb.bp.114.048736
Embodying self-compassion within virtual reality and its effects on patients with depression.
Falconer, Caroline J., Rovira, Aitor, King, John A., Gilbert, Paul, Antley, Angus, Fearon, Pasco, Ralph, Neil, Slater, Mel and Brewin, Chris R. 2018. Embodying self-compassion within virtual reality and its effects on patients with depression. BJPsych Open. https://doi.org/10.1192/bjpo.bp.115.002147
A tailored compassion-focused therapy program for sexual minority young adults with depressive symotomatology: study protocol for a randomized controlled trial.
Pepping, Christopher A., Lyons, Anthony, McNair, Ruth, Kirby, James N., Petrocchi, Nicola and Gilbert, Paul 2017. A tailored compassion-focused therapy program for sexual minority young adults with depressive symotomatology: study protocol for a randomized controlled trial. BMC Psychology. https://doi.org/10.1186/s40359-017-0175-2
Measuring competitive self-focus perspective taking, submissive compassion and compassion goals.
Gilbert, Paul, Catarino, Francisca, Sousa, Joana, Ceresatto, Laura, Moore, Rosalind and Basran, Jaskaran 2017. Measuring competitive self-focus perspective taking, submissive compassion and compassion goals. Journal of Compassionate Health Care. https://doi.org/10.1186/s40639-017-0034-2
The origins of disordered eating and childhood food neophobia: Applying an anxiety perspective.
Maratos, Frances A. and Sharpe, Emma 2018. The origins of disordered eating and childhood food neophobia: Applying an anxiety perspective. in: Woodhead Publishing.
What is acceptance, and how could it affect health outcomes for people receiving renal dialysis?
Stalker, C., Elander, James, Mitchell, Kathryn, Taal, Maarten W., Selby, Nicholas and Stewart, Paul 2018. What is acceptance, and how could it affect health outcomes for people receiving renal dialysis? Health Psychology Update.
Self-criticism and self-reassurance as mediators between mental health attitudes and symptoms: Attitudes towards mental health problems in Japanese workers.
Kotera, Y., Gilbert, Paul, Asano, Kenichi, Ishimura, Ikuo and Sheffield, David 2018. Self-criticism and self-reassurance as mediators between mental health attitudes and symptoms: Attitudes towards mental health problems in Japanese workers. Asian Journal of Social Psychology. https://doi.org/10.1111/ajsp.12355
Shame and the vulnerable self in medical contexts: the compassionate solution.
Gilbert, Paul 2017. Shame and the vulnerable self in medical contexts: the compassionate solution. Medical Humanities. https://doi.org/10.1136/medhum-2016-011159
Forget cancer, let's MOVE: a behaviour change support model for physical activity for young people during and after cancer
Cross, Ainslea, Sheffield, David and Elander, James 2017. Forget cancer, let's MOVE: a behaviour change support model for physical activity for young people during and after cancer. Health Psychology Update.
Endogenous oxytocin is associated with the experience of compassion and recalled upbringing in Borderline Personality Disorder
Ebert, Andreas, Edel, Marc-Andreas, Gilbert, Paul and Brüne, Martin 2017. Endogenous oxytocin is associated with the experience of compassion and recalled upbringing in Borderline Personality Disorder. Depression and Anxiety. https://doi.org/10.1002/da.22683
Psychological and physiological effects of compassionate mind training: A pilot randomised controlled study
Matos, Marcela, Duarte, Cristiana, Duarte, Joana, Pinto-Gouveia, José, Petrocchi, Nicola, Basran, Jaskaran and Gilbert, Paul 2017. Psychological and physiological effects of compassionate mind training: A pilot randomised controlled study. Mindfulness. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12671-017-0745-7
The impact of shame, self-criticism and social rank on eating behaviours in overweight and obese women participating in a weight management programme
Duarte, Cristiana, Matos, Marcela, Stubbs, James, Gale, Corinne, Morris, Liam, Gouveia, Jose Pinto and Gilbert, Paul 2017. The impact of shame, self-criticism and social rank on eating behaviours in overweight and obese women participating in a weight management programme. PLos ONE. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0167571
Compassion focused therapy with children and adolescents
Carona, Carlos, Rijo, Daniel, Salvador, Céu, Castilho, Paula and Gilbert, Paul 2017. Compassion focused therapy with children and adolescents. BJPsych Advances. https://doi.org/10.1192/apt.bp.115.015420
Exploring compassion focused therapy in forensic settings: An evolutionary and social-contextual approach.
Gilbert, Paul 2017. Exploring compassion focused therapy in forensic settings: An evolutionary and social-contextual approach. in: Routledge.
The emergence of the compassion focused therapies
Kirby, James N. and Gilbert, Paul 2017. The emergence of the compassion focused therapies. in: Gilbert, Paul (ed.) Routledge.
Shyness, social anxiety, and social phobia
Henderson, Lynne, Gilbert, Paul and Zimbardo, Philip 2014. Shyness, social anxiety, and social phobia. in: Academic Press.
Compassionate care: The theory and the reality.
Cole-King, Alys and Gilbert, Paul 2014. Compassionate care: The theory and the reality. in: Routledge.
Compassionate mind coaching
Anstiss, Tim and Gilbert, Paul 2014. Compassionate mind coaching. in: Kogan Page.
Spirituality and the evolution of compassion.
Gilbert, Paul and Gilbert, Hannah 2015. Spirituality and the evolution of compassion. in: Praeger.
Cruelty, evolution, and religion: The challenge for the new spiritualities
Gilbert, Paul and Gilbert, Hannah 2015. Cruelty, evolution, and religion: The challenge for the new spiritualities. in: Praeger.
Compassion as a social mentality: An evolutionary approach
Gilbert, Paul 2017. Compassion as a social mentality: An evolutionary approach. in: Gilbert, Paul (ed.) Routledge.
Compassion: Definitions and controversies
Gilbert, Paul 2017. Compassion: Definitions and controversies. in: Gilbert, Paul (ed.) Routledge.
Negotiating in the world of mixed beliefs and value systems: A compassion-focused model
Gilbert, Paul 2014. Negotiating in the world of mixed beliefs and value systems: A compassion-focused model. in: Springer.
Evolutionary models: Practical and conceptual utility for the treatment and study of social anxiety disorder
Gilbert, Paul 2014. Evolutionary models: Practical and conceptual utility for the treatment and study of social anxiety disorder. in: Wiley Blackwell.
The early memories of warmth and safeness scale for adolescents: Cross-sample validation of the complete and brief versions
Vagos, Paula, Ribeiro da Silva, Diana, Brazão, Nélio, Rijo, Daniel and Gilbert, Paul 2016. The early memories of warmth and safeness scale for adolescents: Cross-sample validation of the complete and brief versions. Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy. https://doi.org/10.1002/cpp.2059
A new therapeutic community: Development of a compassion-focussed and contextual behavioural environment
Veale, David, Gilbert, Paul, Wheatley, Jon and Naismith, Iona 2014. A new therapeutic community: Development of a compassion-focussed and contextual behavioural environment. Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy. https://doi.org/10.1002/cpp.1897
Dimensionality and measurement invariance of the Other as Shamer Scale across diverse adolescent samples
Vagos, Paula, Ribeiro da Silva, Diana, Brazão, Nélio, Rijo, Daniel and Gilbert, Paul 2016. Dimensionality and measurement invariance of the Other as Shamer Scale across diverse adolescent samples. Personality and Individual Differences. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.paid.2016.04.046
A pilot feasibility study exploring the practising of compassionate imagery exercises in a nonclinical population
McEwan, Kirsten and Gilbert, Paul 2015. A pilot feasibility study exploring the practising of compassionate imagery exercises in a nonclinical population. Psychology and Psychotherapy: Theory, Research and Practice. https://doi.org/10.1111/papt.12078
The Other as Shamer Scale – 2: Development and validation of a short version of a measure of external shame
Matos, Marcela, Pinto-Gouveia, José, Gilbert, Paul, Duarte, Cristiana and Figueiredo, Cláudia 2015. The Other as Shamer Scale – 2: Development and validation of a short version of a measure of external shame. Personality and Individual Differences. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.paid.2014.09.037
Recreational 3,4-methylenedioxy-N-methylamphetamine (MDMA) or ‘ecstasy’ and self-focused compassion: Preliminary steps in the development of a therapeutic psychopharmacology of contemplative practices
Kamboj, Sunjeev K, Kilford, Emma J., Minchin, Stephanie, Moss, Abigail, Lawn, Will, Das, Ravi K., Falconer, Caroline J., Gilbert, Paul, Curran, H Valerie and Freeman, Tom P. 2015. Recreational 3,4-methylenedioxy-N-methylamphetamine (MDMA) or ‘ecstasy’ and self-focused compassion: Preliminary steps in the development of a therapeutic psychopharmacology of contemplative practices. Journal of Psychopharmacology. https://doi.org/10.1177/0269881115587143
Ability to receive compassion from others buffers the depressogenic effect of self-criticism: A cross-cultural multi-study analysis
Hermanto, Nicola, Zuroff, David C., Kopala-Sibley, Daniel C., Kelly, Allison C., Matos, Marcela, Gilbert, Paul and Koestner, Richard 2016. Ability to receive compassion from others buffers the depressogenic effect of self-criticism: A cross-cultural multi-study analysis. Personality and Individual Differences. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.paid.2016.04.055
An evaluation of the impact of introducing compassion focused therapy to a standard treatment programme for people with eating disorders
Gale, Corinne, Gilbert, Paul, Read, Natalie and Goss, Ken 2012. An evaluation of the impact of introducing compassion focused therapy to a standard treatment programme for people with eating disorders. Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy. https://doi.org/10.1002/cpp.1806
Embodying compassion: A virtual reality paradigm for overcoming excessive self-criticism
Falconer, Caroline J., Slater, Mel, Rovira, Aitor, King, John A., Gilbert, Paul, Antley, Angus and Brewin, Chris R. 2014. Embodying compassion: A virtual reality paradigm for overcoming excessive self-criticism. PLos ONE. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0111933
Compassion motivations: Distinguishing submissive compassion from genuine compassion and its association with shame, submissive behavior, depression, anxiety and stress
Catarino, Francisca, Gilbert, Paul, McEwan, Kirsten and Baião, Rita 2014. Compassion motivations: Distinguishing submissive compassion from genuine compassion and its association with shame, submissive behavior, depression, anxiety and stress. Journal of Social and Clinical Psychology. https://doi.org/10.1521/jscp.2014.33.5.399
Rank perception and self-evaluation in eating disorders
Cardi, Valentina, Di Matteo, Rosalia, Gilbert, Paul and Treasure, Janet 2014. Rank perception and self-evaluation in eating disorders. International Journal of Eating Disorders. https://doi.org/10.1002/eat.22261
Practical compassions: repertoires of practice and compassion talk in acute mental healthcare
Brown, Brian, Crawford, Paul, Gilbert, Paul, Gilbert, Jean and Gale, Corinne 2013. Practical compassions: repertoires of practice and compassion talk in acute mental healthcare. Sociology of Health & Illness. https://doi.org/10.1111/1467-9566.12065
Measurement of external shame: An inside view
Balsamo, Michela, Macchia, Antonella, Carlucci, Leonardo, Picconi, Laura, Tommasi, Marco, Gilbert, Paul and Saggino, Aristide 2014. Measurement of external shame: An inside view. Journal of Personality Assessment. https://doi.org/10.1080/00223891.2014.947650
Forms of self-criticising/attacking & self-reassuring scale: Psychometric properties and normative study
Baião, Rita, Gilbert, Paul, McEwan, Kirsten and Carvalho, Sérgio 2014. Forms of self-criticising/attacking & self-reassuring scale: Psychometric properties and normative study. Psychology and Psychotherapy: Theory, Research and Practice. https://doi.org/10.1111/papt.12049
Affiliative and prosocial motives and emotions in mental health
Gilbert, Paul 2015. Affiliative and prosocial motives and emotions in mental health. Dialogues in Clinical Neuroscience.
Fears of negative emotions in relation to fears of happiness, compassion, alexithymia and psychopathology in a depressed population: A preliminary study
Gilbert, Paul, McEwan, Kirsten, Catarino, Francisca and Baião, Rita 2014. Fears of negative emotions in relation to fears of happiness, compassion, alexithymia and psychopathology in a depressed population: A preliminary study. Journal of Depression and Anxiety. https://doi.org/10.4172/2167-1044.S2-004
Fears of compassion in a depressed population: Implication for psychotherapy
Gilbert, Paul, McEwan, Kirsten, Catarino, Francisca and Baião, Rita 2014. Fears of compassion in a depressed population: Implication for psychotherapy. Journal of Depression and Anxiety. https://doi.org/10.4172/2167-1044.S2-003
The development of compassionate engagement and action scales for self and others
Gilbert, Paul, Catarino, Francisca, Duarte, Cristiana, Matos, Marcela, Kolts, Russell, Stubbs, James, Ceresatto, Laura, Duarte, Joana, Pinto-Gouveia, José and Basran, Jaskaran 2017. The development of compassionate engagement and action scales for self and others. Journal of Compassionate Health Care. https://doi.org/10.1186/s40639-017-0033-3
The evolution and social dynamics of compassion
Gilbert, Paul 2015. The evolution and social dynamics of compassion. Social and Personality Psychology Compass. https://doi.org/10.1111/spc3.12176
The origins and nature of compassion focused therapy
Gilbert, Paul 2014. The origins and nature of compassion focused therapy. British Journal of Clinical Psychology. https://doi.org/10.1111/bjc.12043
The current and future role of heart rate variability for assessing and training compassion
Kirby, James N., Doty, James R., Petrocchi, Nicola and Gilbert, Paul 2017. The current and future role of heart rate variability for assessing and training compassion. Frontiers in Public Health. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpubh.2017.00040
Managing multiple goals during fertility treatment: An interpretative phenomenological analysis
Phillips, Elly, Elander, James and Montague, Jane 2013. Managing multiple goals during fertility treatment: An interpretative phenomenological analysis. Journal of Health Psychology. https://doi.org/10.1177/1359105312474915
An interpretative phenomenological analysis of men’s and women’s coping strategy selection during early IVF treatment
Phillips, Elly, Elander, James and Montague, Jane 2014. An interpretative phenomenological analysis of men’s and women’s coping strategy selection during early IVF treatment. Journal of Reproductive and Infant Psychology. https://doi.org/10.1080/02646838.2014.915391
Academics’ understandings of the authorial academic writer: a qualitative analysis of authorial identity
Cheung, Kevin Yet Fong, Elander, James, Stupple, Edward J. N. and Flay, Mike 2016. Academics’ understandings of the authorial academic writer: a qualitative analysis of authorial identity. Studies in Higher Education. https://doi.org/10.1080/03075079.2016.1264382
Reflecting the transition from pain management services to chronic pain support group attendance: An interpretative phenomenological analysis
Finlay, Katherine A. and Elander, James 2016. Reflecting the transition from pain management services to chronic pain support group attendance: An interpretative phenomenological analysis. British Journal of Health Psychology. https://doi.org/10.1111/bjhp.12194
The effects of anxiety on temporal attention for emotive and neutral faces in children
Kelly, Lauren, Maratos, Frances A. and Lipka, Sigrid 2014. The effects of anxiety on temporal attention for emotive and neutral faces in children. Stress and Anxiety Research Society (STAR).
The development of fears of compassion scale Japanese version.
Asano, Kenichi, Tsuchiya, Masao, Ishimura, Ikuo, Lin, Shuzhen, Matsumoto, Yuki, Miyata, Haruko, Kotera, Y., Shimizu, Eiji and Gilbert, Paul 2017. The development of fears of compassion scale Japanese version. PLos ONE. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0185574
Motivational and behavioural models of change: A longitudinal analysis of change among men with chronic haemophilia-related joint pain
Elander, James, Richardson, Cassandra, Morris, John, Robinson, Georgina and Schofield, M. 2017. Motivational and behavioural models of change: A longitudinal analysis of change among men with chronic haemophilia-related joint pain. European Journal of Pain. https://doi.org/10.1002/ejp.1040
The physiological and emotional effects of touch: Assessing a hand-massage intervention with high self-critics
Maratos, Frances A., Duarte, Joana, Barnes, Christopher, McEwan, Kirsten, Sheffield, David and Gilbert, Paul 2017. The physiological and emotional effects of touch: Assessing a hand-massage intervention with high self-critics. Psychiatry Research. 250, pp. 221-227. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.psychres.2017.01.066
Development and validation of a short-form Pain Medication Attitudes Questionnaire (PMAQ-14)
Elander, James, Said, Omimah, Maratos, Frances A., Dys, Ada, Collins, Hannah and Schofield, M. 2017. Development and validation of a short-form Pain Medication Attitudes Questionnaire (PMAQ-14). Pain. 158 (3), pp. 400-407. https://doi.org/10.1097/j.pain.0000000000000773
An assessment of the relative influence of pain coping, negative thoughts about pain, and pain acceptance on health-related quality of life among people with hemophilia
Elander, James, Robinson, Georgina, Mitchell, Kathryn and Morris, John 2009. An assessment of the relative influence of pain coping, negative thoughts about pain, and pain acceptance on health-related quality of life among people with hemophilia. Pain. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.pain.2009.06.004
Competence-based training and assessment by portfolio: the health psychology model
Elander, James, Fox, Pauline and Towell, Tony 2007. Competence-based training and assessment by portfolio: the health psychology model. Psychology Learning & Teaching. https://doi.org/10.2304/plat.2007.6.2.73
In search of an authorial identity
Elander, James 2015. In search of an authorial identity. The Psychologist.
Joy and calm: how an evolutionary functional model of affect regulation informs positive emotions in nature
Richardson, Miles, McEwan, Kirsten, Maratos, Frances A. and Sheffield, David 2016. Joy and calm: how an evolutionary functional model of affect regulation informs positive emotions in nature. Evolutionary Psychological Science. https://doi.org/10.1007/s40806-016-0065-5
Attentional bias towards threatening and neutral facial expressions in high trait anxious children.
Kelly, Lauren, Maratos, Frances A., Lipka, Sigrid and Croker, Steve 2016. Attentional bias towards threatening and neutral facial expressions in high trait anxious children. Journal of Experimental Psychopathology. https://doi.org/10.5127/jep.052915
Visual processing speeds in children
Maratos, Frances A. and Croker, Steve 2011. Visual processing speeds in children. Child Development Research. https://doi.org/10.1155/2011/450178
A review of evidence about behavioural and psychological aspects of chronic joint pain among people with haemophilia
Elander, James 2014. A review of evidence about behavioural and psychological aspects of chronic joint pain among people with haemophilia. Haemophilia. https://doi.org/10.1111/hae.12291
Recognition of subtle and universal facial expressions in a community-based sample of adults classified with intellectual disability
Owen, S. and Maratos, Frances A. 2016. Recognition of subtle and universal facial expressions in a community-based sample of adults classified with intellectual disability. Journal of Intellectual Disability Research. 60 (4), pp. 344-354. https://doi.org/10.1111/jir.12253
Investigating the relationship between consultation length and patient experience: A cross-sectional study in primary care
Elmore, N., Burt, J., Abel, G., Maratos, F.A., Montague, J., Campbell, J. and Roland, M. 2016. Investigating the relationship between consultation length and patient experience: A cross-sectional study in primary care. British Journal of General Practice. 66 (653), pp. 896-903. https://doi.org/10.3399/bjgp16x687733
Do Cardiovascular Responses to Active and Passive Coping Tasks predict Future Blood Pressure over a 10-Month Later?
Yuenyongchaiwat, Kornanong, Baker, Ian S., Maratos, Frances A. and Sheffield, David 2016. Do Cardiovascular Responses to Active and Passive Coping Tasks predict Future Blood Pressure over a 10-Month Later? The Spanish Journal of Psychology. 19. https://doi.org/10.1017/sjp.2016.5
Development of the critical thinking toolkit (CriTT): A measure of student attitudes and beliefs about critical thinking
Stupple, Edward J. N., Maratos, Frances A., Elander, James, Hunt, Thomas E., Cheung, Kevin Yet Fong and Aubeeluck, Aimee 2016. Development of the critical thinking toolkit (CriTT): A measure of student attitudes and beliefs about critical thinking. Thinking Skills and Creativity. 23, pp. 91-100. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tsc.2016.11.007
Development and validation of the student attitudes and beliefs about authorship scale: a psychometrically robust measure of authorial identity
Cheung, Kevin Yet Fong, Stupple, Edward J. N. and Elander, James 2015. Development and validation of the student attitudes and beliefs about authorship scale: a psychometrically robust measure of authorial identity. Studies in Higher Education. https://doi.org/10.1080/03075079.2015.1034673
Hemodynamic responses to active and passive coping tasks and the prediction of future blood pressure in Thai participants: A preliminary prospective cohort study
Yuenyongchaiwat, K., Sheffield, D., Baker, I. and Maratos, F. 2015. Hemodynamic responses to active and passive coping tasks and the prediction of future blood pressure in Thai participants: A preliminary prospective cohort study. Japanese Psychological Research. 57 (4), pp. 288-299. https://doi.org/10.1111/jpr.12089
When is a face a face? Schematic faces, emotion, attention and the N170
Maratos, F.A., Garner, M., Hogan, A.M. and Karl, A. 2015. When is a face a face? Schematic faces, emotion, attention and the N170. AIMS Neuroscience. 2 (3), pp. 172-182. https://doi.org/10.3934/neuroscience.2015.3.172
Do therapeutic imagery practices affect physiological and emotional indicators of threat in high self-critics?
Duarte, Joana, McEwan, Kirsten, Barnes, Christopher, Gilbert, Paul and Maratos, Frances A. 2015. Do therapeutic imagery practices affect physiological and emotional indicators of threat in high self-critics? Psychology and Psychotherapy: Theory, Research and Practice. https://doi.org/10.1111/papt.12043
Effects of a pain self-management intervention combining written and video elements on health-related quality of life among people with different levels of education
Elander, James and Stalker, C. 2015. Effects of a pain self-management intervention combining written and video elements on health-related quality of life among people with different levels of education. Journal of Pain Research. https://doi.org/10.2147/JPR.S85741
Attentional biases towards familiar and unfamiliar foods in children. The role of food neophobia
Maratos, Frances A. and Staples, Paul 2015. Attentional biases towards familiar and unfamiliar foods in children. The role of food neophobia. Appetite. 91, pp. 220-225. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.appet.2015.04.003
Facial expressions depicting compassionate and critical emotions: the development and validation of a new emotional face stimulus set
McEwan, Kirsten, Gilbert, Paul, Dandeneau, Stephane, Lipka, Sigrid, Maratos, Frances A., Paterson, Kevin B. and Baldwin, Mark 2014. Facial expressions depicting compassionate and critical emotions: the development and validation of a new emotional face stimulus set. PLos ONE. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0088783
Emotion based attentional priority for storage in visual short-term memory
Simione, Luca, Calabrese, Lucia, Belardinelli, Marta Olivetti, Marucci, Francesco Saverio, Raffone, Antonino and Maratos, Frances A. 2014. Emotion based attentional priority for storage in visual short-term memory. PLos ONE. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0095261
In search of critical thinking in psychology: an exploration of student and lecturer understandings in higher education
Duro, Elaine, Elander, James, Maratos, Frances A., Stupple, Edward J. N. and Aubeeluck, Aimee 2013. In search of critical thinking in psychology: an exploration of student and lecturer understandings in higher education. Psychology Learning & Teaching. 12 (3). https://doi.org/10.2304/plat.2013.12.3.275
Early gamma-band activity as a function of threat processing in the extrastriate visual cortex
Maratos, Frances A., Senior, Carl, Mogg, Karin, Bradley, Brendan P. and Rippon, Gina 2012. Early gamma-band activity as a function of threat processing in the extrastriate visual cortex. Cognitive Neuroscience. 3 (1), pp. 62-68. https://doi.org/10.1080/17588928.2011.613989
A brief haemophilia pain coping questionnaire
Elander, James and Robinson, Georgina 2008. A brief haemophilia pain coping questionnaire. Haemophilia. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2516.2008.01822.x
A qualitative analysis of psychological processes mediating quality of life impairments in chronic daily headache
Tenhunen, K. and Elander, James 2005. A qualitative analysis of psychological processes mediating quality of life impairments in chronic daily headache. Journal of Health Psychology. https://doi.org/10.1177/1359105305051425
Pain management and symptoms of substance dependence among patients with sickle cell disease
Elander, James, Lusher, Joanne, Bevan, David and Telfer, Paul 2003. Pain management and symptoms of substance dependence among patients with sickle cell disease. Social Science and Medicine. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0277-9536(02)00553-1
Understanding the causes of problematic pain management in sickle cell disease: evidence that pseudoaddiction plays a more important role than genuine analgesic dependence
Elander, James, Lusher, Joanne, Bevan, David, Telfer, Paul and Burton, Bernice 2004. Understanding the causes of problematic pain management in sickle cell disease: evidence that pseudoaddiction plays a more important role than genuine analgesic dependence. Journal of Pain and Symptom Management. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jpainsymman.2003.12.001
Complex skills and academic writing: a review of evidence about the types of learning required to meet core assessment criteria
Elander, James, Harrington, Katherine, Norton, Lin, Robinson, Hannah and Reddy, Peter 2006. Complex skills and academic writing: a review of evidence about the types of learning required to meet core assessment criteria. Assessment & Evaluation in Higher Education. https://doi.org/10.1080/02602930500262379
Factors affecting hospital staff judgments about sickle cell disease pain
Elander, James, Marczewska, Malgorzata, Amos, Roger, Thomas, Aldine and Tangayi, Sekayi 2006. Factors affecting hospital staff judgments about sickle cell disease pain. Journal of Behavioral Medicine. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10865-005-9042-3
Effects of area and family deprivation on risk factors for teenage pregnancy among 13 – 15-year-old girls
Smith, Debbie M. and Elander, James 2006. Effects of area and family deprivation on risk factors for teenage pregnancy among 13 – 15-year-old girls. Psychology, Health & Medicine. https://doi.org/10.1080/13548500500429353
Student beliefs and attitudes about authorial identity in academic writing
Pittam, Gail, Elander, James, Lusher, Joanne, Fox, Pauline and Payne, Nicola 2009. Student beliefs and attitudes about authorial identity in academic writing. Studies in Higher Education. https://doi.org/10.1080/03075070802528270
Development and evaluation of an intervention to improve further education students' understanding of higher education assessment criteria: three studies
Jessen, Anna and Elander, James 2011. Development and evaluation of an intervention to improve further education students' understanding of higher education assessment criteria: three studies. Journal of Further and Higher Education. https://doi.org/10.1080/03098770903272461
New lecturers' beliefs about learning, teaching and assessment in higher education: the role of the PGCLTHE programme
Norton, Lin, Aiyegbayo, Olaojo, Harrington, Katherine, Elander, James and Reddy, Peter 2011. New lecturers' beliefs about learning, teaching and assessment in higher education: the role of the PGCLTHE programme. Innovations in Education and Teaching International. https://doi.org/10.1080/14703297.2010.518426
Dyslexia, authorial identity, and approaches to learning and writing: a mixed methods study
Kinder, Julianne and Elander, James 2011. Dyslexia, authorial identity, and approaches to learning and writing: a mixed methods study. British Journal of Educational Psychology. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.2044-8279.2011.02026.x
Randomized trial of a DVD intervention to improve readiness to self-manage joint pain
Elander, James, Robinson, Georgina and Morris, John 2011. Randomized trial of a DVD intervention to improve readiness to self-manage joint pain. Pain. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.pain.2011.06.026
Evaluation of an intervention to help students avoid unintentional plagiarism by improving their authorial identity
Elander, James, Pittam, Gail, Lusher, Joanne, Fox, Pauline and Payne, Nicola 2010. Evaluation of an intervention to help students avoid unintentional plagiarism by improving their authorial identity. Assessment & Evaluation in Higher Education. https://doi.org/10.1080/02602930802687745
Temporal processing of emotional stimuli: The capture and release of attention by angry faces
Maratos, Frances A. 2011. Temporal processing of emotional stimuli: The capture and release of attention by angry faces. Emotion. 11 (5), p. 1242–1247. https://doi.org/10.1037/a0024279
Having a word with yourself: Neural correlates of self-criticism and self-reassurance
Longe, O., Maratos, F.A., Gilbert, P., Evans, G., Volker, F., Rockliff, H. and Rippon, G. 2010. Having a word with yourself: Neural correlates of self-criticism and self-reassurance. NeuroImage. 49 (2), pp. 1849-1856. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.neuroimage.2009.09.019
Coarse threat images reveal theta oscillations in the amygdala: A magnetoencephalography study
Maratos, F.A., Mogg, K., Bradley, B.P., Rippon, G. and Senior, C. 2009. Coarse threat images reveal theta oscillations in the amygdala: A magnetoencephalography study. Cognitive, Affective and Behavioral Neuroscience. 9, p. 133–143. https://doi.org/10.3758/cabn.9.2.133
Identification of angry faces in the attentional blink
Maratos, Frances A., Mogg, Karin and Bradley, Brendan P. 2008. Identification of angry faces in the attentional blink. Cognition and Emotion. 22 (7), pp. 1340-1352. https://doi.org/10.1080/02699930701774218
The spatial distribution and temporal dynamics of brain regions activated during the perception of object and non-object patterns
Maratos, F.A., Anderson, S.J., Hillebrand, A., Singh, K.D. and Barnes, G.R. 2007. The spatial distribution and temporal dynamics of brain regions activated during the perception of object and non-object patterns. NeuroImage. 34 (1), pp. 371-383. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.neuroimage.2006.09.017