Paul Gilbert


NamePaul Gilbert
Job titleResearch Professor HSC
Research instituteCollege of Health, Psychology and Social Care

Research outputs

Social rank and compassion: How insecure striving, social safeness and fears of compassion mediate the relationship between masculinity, depression and anxiety

Kirby, J., Day, J. and Gilbert, P. 2024. Social rank and compassion: How insecure striving, social safeness and fears of compassion mediate the relationship between masculinity, depression and anxiety. Psychology and Psychotherapy. pp. 1-15. https://doi.org/10.1111/papt.12520

A Mixed-Methods Study of Compassionate Mind Training for Pupils (CMT-Pupils) as a School-Based Wellbeing Intervention

Frances A. Maratos, Wood, W., Cahill, R., Yessica Abigail Tronco Hernández, Matos, M., Gilbert, P. and Maratos, F. 2024. A Mixed-Methods Study of Compassionate Mind Training for Pupils (CMT-Pupils) as a School-Based Wellbeing Intervention. Mindfulness. 15, pp. 459-478. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12671-024-02303-y

A Qualitative Comparison of Secular and Buddhist-Informed Mental Health Practitioners’ Perceptions of Non-Attachment

Sys, S., Van Gordon, W. and Gilbert, P. 2024. A Qualitative Comparison of Secular and Buddhist-Informed Mental Health Practitioners’ Perceptions of Non-Attachment. Mindfulness. pp. 1-14. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12671-023-02291-5

Compassion-Focused Therapy and Schizotypy: An Exploration of an Evolution-Informed Biopsychosocial Approach

Gilbert, P. 2023. Compassion-Focused Therapy and Schizotypy: An Exploration of an Evolution-Informed Biopsychosocial Approach. in: Cheli, S. and Lysaker, P. H. (ed.) A Dimensional Approach to Schizotypy: Conceptualization and Treatment Switzerland Springer. pp. 157–175

Energizing compassion: using music and community focus to stimulate compassion drive and sense of connectedness

Gilbert, P., Basran, J., Plowright, P. and Gilbert, H. 2023. Energizing compassion: using music and community focus to stimulate compassion drive and sense of connectedness. Frontiers in Psychology. 14, pp. 1-14. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2023.1150592

Bringing the Inside Out and the Outside in: The Therapeutic Relationship in Compassion Focused Therapy Chairwork

Bell, T., Montague, J., Elander, J., Pugh, M. and Gilbert, P. 2023. Bringing the Inside Out and the Outside in: The Therapeutic Relationship in Compassion Focused Therapy Chairwork. OBM Integrative and Complementary Medicine. 8 (3), pp. 1-21. https://doi.org/10.21926/obm.icm.2303037

Fears and Resistances to Mindfulness: Development of a Self‑Report Scale

Gilbert, P., Basran, J., Plowright, P., Matos, M., Kirby, J. and Petrocchi, N. 2023. Fears and Resistances to Mindfulness: Development of a Self‑Report Scale. Mindfulness. pp. 1-5. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12671-023-02171-y

A case series study of compassion-focused therapy for distressing experiences in psychosis

Heriot-Maitland, C., Gumley, A., Wykes, T., Longden, E., Irons, C., Gilbert, P. and Peters, E. 2023. A case series study of compassion-focused therapy for distressing experiences in psychosis. British Journal of Clinical Psychology. https://doi.org/10.1111/bjc.12437

Compassion as a skill: A comparison of contemplative and evolution-based approaches.

Gilbert, P. and Van Gordon, W. 2023. Compassion as a skill: A comparison of contemplative and evolution-based approaches. Mindfulness. pp. 1-22. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12671-023-02173-w

Evolution, Compassion, and Wellbeing

Gilbert, P. 2023. Evolution, Compassion, and Wellbeing. in: Rieger, E., Costanza, R., Kubiszewski, I. and Dugdale, P. (ed.) Toward an Integrated Science of Wellbeing Oxford Oxford University Press (OUP).

Physiological correlates of the tripartite model of affect regulation: HRV differences between community and forensic male adolescents

Linharelhos, M., Sousa, R., Petrocchi, N., Gilbert, P. and Rijo, D. 2023. Physiological correlates of the tripartite model of affect regulation: HRV differences between community and forensic male adolescents. International Journal of Psychophysiology. 188, pp. 108-109. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijpsycho.2023.05.278

Energising compassion: Using music and community focus to stimulate compassion drive and sense of connectedness

Basran, J., Gilbert, P., Raven, J. and Plowright, P. 2023. Energising compassion: Using music and community focus to stimulate compassion drive and sense of connectedness. Frontiers in Psychology. (14). https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2023.1150592

Promoting a compassionate motivation in detained youth: A secondary analysis of a controlled trial with the PSYCHOPATHY.COMP program

Rijo, D., Ribeiro da Silva, D., Brazão, N., Paulo, M., Ramos Miguel, R., Castilho, P., Vagos, P. and Gilbert, P. 2023. Promoting a compassionate motivation in detained youth: A secondary analysis of a controlled trial with the PSYCHOPATHY.COMP program. Personality Disorders: Theory, Research, and Treatment. 14 (2), p. 223–236. https://doi.org/10.1037/per0000594

Mindfulness of happiness

Van Gordon, W., Shonin, E., Gilbert, P., Garcia-Campayo, J. and Gallardo, L. 2023. Mindfulness of happiness. Mindfulness. 14, pp. 757-760. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12671-023-02090-y

How Messages about COVID-19 May Have Affected People’s Sense of Threat and Mental Health

Gilbert, P., Basran, J., Plowright, P. and McEwan, K. 2023. How Messages about COVID-19 May Have Affected People’s Sense of Threat and Mental Health. EC PSYCHOLOGY AND PSYCHIATRY. 12, pp. 47-57.

At the heart of change: Differences in young offenders’ HRV patterns after the delivery of the PSYCHOPATHY.COMP program

Sousa, R., da Silva, D. R., Petrocchi, N., Gilbert, P. and Rijo, D. 2023. At the heart of change: Differences in young offenders’ HRV patterns after the delivery of the PSYCHOPATHY.COMP program. Frontiers in Psychiatry. 13, pp. 1-8. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyt.2022.1032011

No safety without emotional safety

Veale, D., Robins, E., Thomson, A. B. and Gilbert, P. 2022. No safety without emotional safety . The Lancet Psychiatry . 10 (1), pp. 65-70. https://doi.org/10.1016/S2215-0366(22)00373-X

Benefits of group compassion-focused therapy for treatment-resistant depression: A pilot randomized controlled trial

Asano, K., Tsuchiya, M., Okamoto, Y., Ohtani, T., Sensui, T., Masuyama, A., Isato, A., Shoji, M., Shiraishi, T., Shimizu, E., Irons, C. and Gilbert, P. 2022. Benefits of group compassion-focused therapy for treatment-resistant depression: A pilot randomized controlled trial. Frontiers in Psychology. 13, pp. 1-8. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2022.903842

Embedding Compassion in Schools: The What’s, the Why’s and the How’

Maratos, F., Hurst, J., Harvey, C. and Gilbert, P. 2023. Embedding Compassion in Schools: The What’s, the Why’s and the How’. in: Giraldez-Hayes, A. and Burke, J. (ed.) Applied Positive School Psychology: Practical Guide for Educators Abingdon, Oxfordshire Routledge, Taylor and Francis Group. pp. 81-100

Compassion Focused Group Therapy for people with a diagnosis of Bipolar Affective Disorder: A feasibility study

Gilbert, P., Basran, J., Raven, J., Gilbert, H., Petrocchi, N., Cheli, S., Rayner, N., Hayes, A., Lucre, K., Minou, P., Giles, D., Byrne, F., Newton, E. and McEwan, K. 2022. Compassion Focused Group Therapy for people with a diagnosis of Bipolar Affective Disorder: A feasibility study. Frontiers in Psychology. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2022.841932

Unveiling the heart of young offenders: Testing the tripartite model of affect regulation in community and forensic male adolescents

Sousa, R., Petrocchi, N., Gilbert, P. and Rijo, D. 2022. Unveiling the heart of young offenders: Testing the tripartite model of affect regulation in community and forensic male adolescents. Journal of Criminal Justice. 82, pp. 1-13. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jcrimjus.2022.101970

Dimensionality and measurement invari ance of the Social Safeness and Pleasure Scale in adolescents from community and residential youth care

Miguel, R. R., Sousa, R., Santos, L., Brazão, N., Rijo, D., Castilho, P. and Gilbert, P. 2022. Dimensionality and measurement invari ance of the Social Safeness and Pleasure Scale in adolescents from community and residential youth care. Child Abuse & Neglect. 131, pp. 1-10. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chiabu.2022.105690

A randomized controlled feasibility trial of online compassion‐focused self‐help for psoriasis*

Muftin, Z., Gilbert, P. and Thompson, A. R. 2022. A randomized controlled feasibility trial of online compassion‐focused self‐help for psoriasis*. British Journal of Dermatology. 186 (1), pp. 955-962. https://doi.org/10.1111/bjd.21020

The Role of Likeability in Discriminating Between Kindness and Compassion

Kirby, J., Gerrish, R., Sherwell, C. and Gilbert, P. 2022. The Role of Likeability in Discriminating Between Kindness and Compassion. Mindfulness. 13, p. 1555–1564. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12671-022-01900-z

The Compassionate Engagement and Action Scales for Self and Others: Turkish Adaptation, Validity, and Reliability Study

Ari, E., Cesur-Soysal, G., Basran, J. and Gilbert, P. 2022. The Compassionate Engagement and Action Scales for Self and Others: Turkish Adaptation, Validity, and Reliability Study. Frontiers in Psychology. 13, pp. 1-9. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2022.780077

Nurturing compassion in schools: A randomized controlled trial of the effectiveness of a Compassionate Mind Training program for teachers.

Matos, M., Albuquerque, I., Galhardo, A., Cunha, M., Lima, M, P., Palmeira, L., Petrocchi, N., McEwan, K., Maratos, F. and Gilbert, P. 2022. Nurturing compassion in schools: A randomized controlled trial of the effectiveness of a Compassionate Mind Training program for teachers. PLos ONE. 17 (3), pp. 1-36. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0263480

Nurturing Compassionate Schools: A randomized controlled study of the efficacy of a Compassionate Mind Training program for teachers

Matos, M., Albuquerque, I., Galhardo, A., Cunha, M., Lima, M. P., Palmeira, M., Petrocchi, N., McEwan, K., Maratos, F. and Gilbert, P. 2022. Nurturing Compassionate Schools: A randomized controlled study of the efficacy of a Compassionate Mind Training program for teachers. PLos ONE. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0263480

Nurturing self-compassionate performers

Walton, C. C., Osborne, M. S., Gilbert, P. and Kirby, J. 2022. Nurturing self-compassionate performers. Australian Psychologist . 57 (2), pp. 1-32. https://doi.org/10.1080/00050067.2022.2033952

SafeSpace: what is the feasibility and acceptability of a codesigned virtual reality intervention, incorporating compassionate mind training, to support people undergoing cancer treatment in a clinical setting?

O'Gara, G., Murray, L., Georgopoulou, S., Anstiss, T., Macquarrie, A., Wheatstone, P., Bellman, B., Gilbert, P., Steed, A. and Wiseman, T. 2022. SafeSpace: what is the feasibility and acceptability of a codesigned virtual reality intervention, incorporating compassionate mind training, to support people undergoing cancer treatment in a clinical setting? BMJ Open. pp. 1-11. https://doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen-2020-047626

The role of social connection on the experience of COVID-19 related post-traumatic growth and stress

matos, marcela, McEwan, Kirsten, Kanovský, Martin, Halamová, Júlia, Steindl, Stanley R., Ferreira, Nuno, Linharelhos, Mariana, Rijo, Daniel, Asano, Kenichi, Vilas, Sara P., Márquez, Margarita G., Gregório, Sónia, Brito-Pons, Gonzalo, Lucena-Santos, Paola, Oliveira, Margareth da Silva, Souza, Erika Leonardo de, Llobenes, Lorena, Gumiy, Natali, Costa, Maria Ileana, Habib, Noor, Hakem, Reham, Khrad, Hussain, Alzahrani, Ahmad, Cheli, Simone, Petrocchi, Nicola, Tholouli, Elli, Issari, Philia, Simos, Gregoris, Lunding-Gregersen, Vibeke, Elklit, Ask, Kolts, Russell, Kelly, Allison C., Bortolon, Catherine, Delamillieure, Pascal, Paucsik, Marine, Wahl, Julia E., Zieba, Mariusz, Zatorski, Mateusz, Komendziński, Tomasz, Zhang, Shuge, Basran, Jaskaran, Kagialis, Antonios, Kirby, James and Gilbert, Paul 2021. The role of social connection on the experience of COVID-19 related post-traumatic growth and stress. PLos ONE. 16 (12), p. e0261384. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0261384

The Science of Compassion

GIlbert, Paul 2021. The Science of Compassion. in: Routledge.

A systematic review of compassion-based interventions for individuals struggling with body weight shame

Carter, Alicia, Gilbert, Paul and Kirby, James, N. 2021. A systematic review of compassion-based interventions for individuals struggling with body weight shame. psychology and health. https://doi.org/10.1080/08870446.2021.1955118

Building Compassionate Schools: Pilot Study of a Compassionate Mind Training Intervention to Promote Teachers’ Well-being

Matos, Marcela, Palmeira, Lara, Albuquerque, Isabel, Cunha, Marina, Pedroso Lima, Margarida, Galhardo, Ana, Maratos, Frances and GIlbert, Paul 2021. Building Compassionate Schools: Pilot Study of a Compassionate Mind Training Intervention to Promote Teachers’ Well-being. Mindfulness. 13, p. 145–161. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12671-021-01778-3

Cultivating the Compassionate Self: an Exploration of the Mechanisms of Change in Compassionate Mind Training

Matos, Marcela, Duarte, Cristiana, Duarte, Joana, Pinto-Gouveia, José, Petrocchi, Nicola and GIlbert, Paul 2021. Cultivating the Compassionate Self: an Exploration of the Mechanisms of Change in Compassionate Mind Training. Mindfulness. 13, p. 66–79. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12671-021-01717-2

HRV patterns associated with different affect regulation systems: Sex differences in adolescents

Sousa, Rúben, Petrocchi, Nicola, Gilbert, Paul and Rijo, Daniel 2021. HRV patterns associated with different affect regulation systems: Sex differences in adolescents. International Journal of Psychophysiology. 170, pp. 156-167. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijpsycho.2021.10.009

The experience of loneliness: The role of fears of compassion and social safeness

Best, Talitha, Herring, Lee, Clarke, Chantelle, Kirby, James and Gilbert, Paul 2021. The experience of loneliness: The role of fears of compassion and social safeness. Personality and Individual Differences. 183, p. 111161. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.paid.2021.111161

The flows of compassion in adolescents as measured by the compassionate engagement and action scales

Cunha, Marina, Galhardo, Ana, Gilbert, Paul, Rodrigues, Cátia and Matos, Marcela 2021. The flows of compassion in adolescents as measured by the compassionate engagement and action scales. Current Psychology. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12144-021-02097-5

Fear leads to suffering: Fears of compassion predict restriction of the moral boundary

Crimston, Charlie R., Blessing, Sarah, Gilbert, Paul and Kirby, James N. 2021. Fear leads to suffering: Fears of compassion predict restriction of the moral boundary. British Journal of Social Psychology. https://doi.org/10.1111/bjso.12483

Multiple emotions, multiple selves: compassion focused therapy chairwork

Bell, Tobyn, Montague, Jane, Elander, James and Gilbert, Paul 2021. Multiple emotions, multiple selves: compassion focused therapy chairwork. The Cognitive Behaviour Therapist. 14. https://doi.org/10.1017/s1754470x21000180

The efficacy of the PSYCHOPATHY.COMP program in reducing psychopathic traits: A controlled trial with male detained youth

Ribeiro da Silva, Diana, Rijo, Daniel, Brazão, Nélio, Paulo, Marlene, Miguel, Rita, Castilho, Paula, Vagos, Paula, Gilbert, Paul and Salekin, Randall T. 2021. The efficacy of the PSYCHOPATHY.COMP program in reducing psychopathic traits: A controlled trial with male detained youth. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology. 89 (6), pp. 499-513. https://doi.org/10.1037/ccp0000659

Fears of compassion magnify the harmful effects of threat of COVID-19 on mental health and social safeness across 21 countries

Matos, Marcela, McEwan, Kirsten, Basran, Jaskaran and Gilbert, Paul 2021. Fears of compassion magnify the harmful effects of threat of COVID-19 on mental health and social safeness across 21 countries. Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy. pp. 1-17. https://doi.org/10.1002/cpp.2601

Creating a compassionate world: addressing the conflicts between sharing and caring versus controlling and holding evolved strategies

Gilbert, Paul 2021. Creating a compassionate world: addressing the conflicts between sharing and caring versus controlling and holding evolved strategies. Frontiers. 11. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2020.582090

A multilevel multidimensional finite mixture item response model to cluster respondents and countries: the forms of self-criticising/attacking and self-reassuring scale

Kanovský, Martin, Halamová, Júlia, Zuroff, David C., Troop, Nicholas A., Gilbert, Paul, Shahar, Ben, Petrocchi, Nicola, Hermanto, Nicola, Krieger, Tobias, Kirby, James N., Asano, Kenichi, Matos, Marcela, Yu, FuYa, Basran, Jaskaran and Kupeli, Nuriye 2020. A multilevel multidimensional finite mixture item response model to cluster respondents and countries: the forms of self-criticising/attacking and self-reassuring scale. European Journal of Psychological Assessment. https://doi.org/10.1027/1015-5759/a000631

Compassion: From its evolution to a psychotherapy

Gilbert, Paul 2020. Compassion: From its evolution to a psychotherapy. Frontiers in Psychology. 11. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2020.586161

Evolutionary functional analysis: The study of social mentalities, social rank and caring-compassion

Gilbert, Paul 2020. Evolutionary functional analysis: The study of social mentalities, social rank and caring-compassion. in: Routledge/Taylor Francis Group.

Exploring the international utility of progressing compassionate mind training in school settings: a comparison of implementation effectiveness of the same curricula in the UK and Portugal

Maratos, Frances A., Matos, Marcela, Alberquerque, Isabel, Wood, Wendy, Palmeira, Lara, Cuna, Marina, Lima, Margarida and Gilbert, Paul 2020. Exploring the international utility of progressing compassionate mind training in school settings: a comparison of implementation effectiveness of the same curricula in the UK and Portugal. The Psychology of Education Review.

Psychometric properties of the German version of the fears of compassion scales

Biermann, Miriam, Bohus, Martin, Gilbert, Paul, Vonderlin, Ruben, Cornelisse, Sven, Osen, Bernhard, Graser, Johannes, Brüne, Martin, Ebert, Andreas, Lyssenko, Lisa and Kleindienst, Nikolaus 2020. Psychometric properties of the German version of the fears of compassion scales. Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy. https://doi.org/10.1002/cpp.2496

Attachment styles modulate neural markers of threat and imagery when engaging in self-criticism

Kim, Jeffrey J., Kent, Kirsty M., Cunnington, Ross, Gilbert, Paul and Kirby, James N. 2020. Attachment styles modulate neural markers of threat and imagery when engaging in self-criticism. Scientific Reports. 10 (1). https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-020-70772-x

Psychometric validity of the Compassionate Engagement and Action Scale for Adolescents: a Swedish version

Henje, Eva, Rindestig, Frida Carlberg, Gilbert, Paul and Dennhag, Inga 2020. Psychometric validity of the Compassionate Engagement and Action Scale for Adolescents: a Swedish version. Scandinavian Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Psychology. 8, pp. 70-80. https://doi.org/10.21307/sjcapp-2020-007

“Suddenly you are King Solomon”: Multiplicity, transformation and integration in compassion focused therapy chairwork

Bell, Tobyn, Montague, Jane, Elander, James and Gilbert, Paul 2020. “Suddenly you are King Solomon”: Multiplicity, transformation and integration in compassion focused therapy chairwork. Journal of Psychotherapy Integration. https://doi.org/10.1037/int0000240

Predictors of poor 6-week outcome in a cohort of major depressive disorder patients treated with antidepressant medication: the role of entrapment

Carvalho, Serafim, Caetano, Filipa, Pinto-Gouveia, José, Mota-Pereira, Jorge, Maia, Dulce, Pimentel, Paulo, Priscila, Cátia and Gilbert, Paul 2020. Predictors of poor 6-week outcome in a cohort of major depressive disorder patients treated with antidepressant medication: the role of entrapment. Nordic Journal of Psychiatry. https://doi.org/10.1080/08039488.2020.1790657

The compassionate vagus: A meta-analysis on the connection between compassion and heart rate variability

Di Bello, Maria, Carnevali, Luca, Petrocchi, Nicola, Thayer, Julian F., Gilbert, Paul and Ottaviani, Cristina 2020. The compassionate vagus: A meta-analysis on the connection between compassion and heart rate variability. Neuroscience & Biobehavioral Reviews. 116, pp. 21-30. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.neubiorev.2020.06.016

Compassion‐focused therapy for body weight shame: A mixed methods pilot trial

Carter, Alicia, Gilbert, Paul and Kirby, James N. 2020. Compassion‐focused therapy for body weight shame: A mixed methods pilot trial. Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy. https://doi.org/10.1002/cpp.2488

Self-compassion, social rank, and psychological distress in athletes of varying competitive levels

Walton, Courtney C., Baranoff, John, Gilbert, Paul and Kirby, James 2020. Self-compassion, social rank, and psychological distress in athletes of varying competitive levels. Psychology of Sport and Exercise. 50, p. 101733. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.psychsport.2020.101733

The schwartz center rounds: supporting mental health workers with the emotional impact of their work.

Allen, Deborah, Spencer, Graham, McEwan, Kirsten, Catarino, Francisca, Evans, Rachael, Crooks, Sarah and Gilbert, Paul 2020. The schwartz center rounds: supporting mental health workers with the emotional impact of their work. International Journal of Mental Health Nursing.. https://doi.org/10.1111/inm.12729

Neurophysiological and behavioural markers of compassion

Kim, Jeffrey J., Parker, Stacey L., Doty, James R., Cunnington, Ross, Gilbert, Paul and Kirby, James N. 2020. Neurophysiological and behavioural markers of compassion. Scientific Reports. 10 (1). https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-020-63846-3

A randomized-controlled pilot trial of an online compassionate mind training intervention to help people with chronic pain avoid analgesic misuse

Dhokia, Mayoor, Elander, James, Clements, Keith and Gilbert, Paul 2020. A randomized-controlled pilot trial of an online compassionate mind training intervention to help people with chronic pain avoid analgesic misuse. Psychology of Addictive Behaviors. https://doi.org/10.1037/adb0000579

The development of the Japanese version of the compassionate engagement and action scales

Asano, Kenichi, Kotera, Y., Tsuchiya, Masao, Ishimura, Ikuo, Lin, Shuzhen, Matsumoto, Yuki, Matos, Marcela, Basran, Jaskaran and Gilbert, Paul 2020. The development of the Japanese version of the compassionate engagement and action scales. PLos ONE. 15 (4), p. e0230875. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0230875

Engaging with distress: training in the compassionate approach

McEwan, Kirsten, Minou, Lina, Moore, Hamish and Gilbert, Paul 2020. Engaging with distress: training in the compassionate approach. Journal of Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing. https://doi.org/10.1111/jpm.12630

Stressed, depressed, and rank obsessed: Individual differences in compassion and neuroticism predispose towards rank‐based depressive symptomatology

Kim, Jeffrey J., Gerrish, Ruby, Gilbert, Paul and Kirby, James N. 2020. Stressed, depressed, and rank obsessed: Individual differences in compassion and neuroticism predispose towards rank‐based depressive symptomatology. Psychology and Psychotherapy: Theory, Research and Practice. https://doi.org/10.1111/papt.12270

Clinical change in psychopathic traits after the PSYCHOPATHY.COMP program: preliminary findings of a controlled trial with male detained youth

Ribeiro da Silva, Diana, Rijo, Daniel, Salekin, Randall T., Paulo, Marlene, Miguel, Rita and Gilbert, Paul 2020. Clinical change in psychopathic traits after the PSYCHOPATHY.COMP program: preliminary findings of a controlled trial with male detained youth. Journal of Experimental Criminolgy. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11292-020-09418-x

Effect of adding a compassion-focused intervention on emotion, eating and weight outcomes in a commercial weight management programme

Duarte, Cristiana, Gilbert, Paul, Stalker, C., Catarino, Francisca, Basran, Jaskaran, Scott, Sarah, Horgan, Graham and Stubbs, R James 2019. Effect of adding a compassion-focused intervention on emotion, eating and weight outcomes in a commercial weight management programme. Journal of Health Psychology. 26 (10), pp. 1-16. https://doi.org/10.1177/1359105319890019

‘A definite feel-it moment’: Embodiment, externalization and emotion during chair-work in compassion-focused therapy

Bell, Tobyn, Montague, Jane, Elander, James and Gilbert, Paul 2019. ‘A definite feel-it moment’: Embodiment, externalization and emotion during chair-work in compassion-focused therapy. Counselling and Psychotherapy Research. https://doi.org/10.1002/capr.12248

Treating hoarding disorder with compassion‐focused therapy: A pilot study examining treatment feasibility, acceptability, and exploring treatment effects

Chou, Chia‐Ying, Tsoh, Janice Y., Shumway, Martha, Smith, Lauren C., Chan, Joanne, Delucchi, Kevin, Tirch, Dennis, Gilbert, Paul and Mathews, Carol A. 2019. Treating hoarding disorder with compassion‐focused therapy: A pilot study examining treatment feasibility, acceptability, and exploring treatment effects. British Journal of Clinical Psychology. https://doi.org/10.1111/bjc.12228

Differences in the semantics of prosocial words: an exploration of compassion and kindness

Gilbert, Paul, Basran, Jaskaran, MacArthur, Michael and Kirby, James N. 2019. Differences in the semantics of prosocial words: an exploration of compassion and kindness. Mindfulness. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12671-019-01191-x

Evaluation of a compassionate mind training intervention with school teachers and support staff

Maratos, Frances, Montague, Jane, Ashra, Hajra, Welford, Mary, Wood, Wendy, Barnes, Christopher, Sheffield, David and Gilbert, Paul 2019. Evaluation of a compassionate mind training intervention with school teachers and support staff. Mindfulness. 10, p. 2245–2258. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12671-019-01185-9

The evolution of prosocial and antisocial competitive behaviour and the emergence of prosocial and antisocial leadership styles

Gilbert, Paul and Basran, Jaskaran 2019. The evolution of prosocial and antisocial competitive behaviour and the emergence of prosocial and antisocial leadership styles. Frontiers in Psychology. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2019.00610

The role of compassionate and self-image goals in predicting psychological controlling and facilitative parenting styles.

Kirby, James, Grzazek, Olivia and Gilbert, Paul 2019. The role of compassionate and self-image goals in predicting psychological controlling and facilitative parenting styles. Frontiers in Psychology. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2019.01041

The efficacy of a compassion-focused therapy–based intervention in reducing psychopathic traits and disruptive behavior: a clinical case study with a juvenile detainee

Ribeiro da Silva, Diana, Rijo, Daniel, Castilho, Paula and Gilbert, Paul 2019. The efficacy of a compassion-focused therapy–based intervention in reducing psychopathic traits and disruptive behavior: a clinical case study with a juvenile detainee. Clinical Case Studies. 18 (5), pp. 323-343. https://doi.org/10.1177/1534650119849491

Multiple group IRT measurement invariance analysis of the forms of self-criticising/attacking and self-reassuring scale in thirteen international samples

Halamová, Júlia, Kanovský, Martin, Gilbert, Paul, Troop, Nicholas, Zuroff, David C., Petrocchi, Nicola, Hermanto, Nicola, Krieger, Tobias, Kirby, James, Asano, Kenichi, Matos, Marcela, Yu, FuYa, Sommers-Spijkerman, Marion, Shahar, Ben, Basran, Jaskaran and Kupeli, Nuriye 2019. Multiple group IRT measurement invariance analysis of the forms of self-criticising/attacking and self-reassuring scale in thirteen international samples. Journal of Rational-Emotive & Cognitive-Behavior Therapy. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10942-019-00319-1

Distinguishing shame, humiliation and guilt: an evolutionary functional analysis and compassion focused Interventions

Gilbert, Paul 2019. Distinguishing shame, humiliation and guilt: an evolutionary functional analysis and compassion focused Interventions. in: Springer International Publishing.

The development of the compassion focused therapy therapist competence rating scale

Horwood, Victoria, Allan, Steven, Goss, Kenneth and Gilbert, Paul 2019. The development of the compassion focused therapy therapist competence rating scale. Psychology and Psychotherapy: Theory, Research and Practice. https://doi.org/10.1111/papt.12230

Psychotherapy for the 21st century: An integrative, evolutionary, contextual, biopsychosocial approach

Gilbert, Paul 2019. Psychotherapy for the 21st century: An integrative, evolutionary, contextual, biopsychosocial approach. Psychology and Psychotherapy. 92 (2). https://doi.org/10.1111/papt.2019.92.issue-2

Searching compassion in a crowd: Evaluation of a novel compassion visual search task to reduce self-criticism

McEwan, Kirsten, Dandeneau, Stephane, Gilbert, Paul, Maratos, Frances, Andrew, Lucy, Chotai, Shivani and Elander, James 2019. Searching compassion in a crowd: Evaluation of a novel compassion visual search task to reduce self-criticism. EC PSYCHOLOGY AND PSYCHIATRY.

Human evolution and culture in relationship to shame in the parenting role: Implications for psychology and psychotherapy

Kirby, James N., Sampson, Hayley, Day, Jamin, Hayes, Alan and Gilbert, Paul 2019. Human evolution and culture in relationship to shame in the parenting role: Implications for psychology and psychotherapy. Psychology and Psychotherapy: Theory, Research and Practice. https://doi.org/10.1111/papt.12223

Building an integrative science for psychotherapy for the 21st-century: Preface and introduction

Gilbert, Paul and Kirby, James 2019. Building an integrative science for psychotherapy for the 21st-century: Preface and introduction. Psychology and Psychotherapy. https://doi.org/10.1111/papt.12225

Commentary Regarding Wilson et al. (2018) 'Effectiveness of ‘Self-Compassion’ Related Therapies: a Systematic Review and Meta-analysis.” All Is Not as It Seems

Kirby, J and Gilbert, Paul 2019. Commentary Regarding Wilson et al. (2018) 'Effectiveness of ‘Self-Compassion’ Related Therapies: a Systematic Review and Meta-analysis.” All Is Not as It Seems. Mindfulness. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12671-018-1088-8

Compassion Focused Approaches to Working With Distressing Voices

Heriot-Maitland, Charles, McCarthy-Jones, Simon, Longden, Eleanor and Gilbert, Paul 2019. Compassion Focused Approaches to Working With Distressing Voices. Frontiers in Psychology. 10. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2019.00152

Styles of leadership, fears of compassion, and competing to avoid inferiority.

Basran, Jaskaran, Pires, Claudia, Matos, Marcela, McEwan, Kirsten and Gilbert, Paul 2019. Styles of leadership, fears of compassion, and competing to avoid inferiority. Frontiers in Psychology. 9. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2018.02460

Self-criticism and self-reassurance as mediators between mental health attitudes and symptoms: Attitudes towards mental health problems in Japanese workers.

Kotera, Y., Gilbert, Paul, Asano, Kenichi, Ishimura, Ikuo and Sheffield, David 2018. Self-criticism and self-reassurance as mediators between mental health attitudes and symptoms: Attitudes towards mental health problems in Japanese workers. Asian Journal of Social Psychology. https://doi.org/10.1111/ajsp.12355

Explorations into the nature and function of compassion

Gilbert, Paul 2018. Explorations into the nature and function of compassion. Current Opinion in Psychology. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.copsyc.2018.12.002

Imagining one's compassionate self and coping with life difficulties

Gilbert, Paul and Basran, Jaskaran 2018. Imagining one's compassionate self and coping with life difficulties. EC PSYCHOLOGY AND PSYCHIATRY.

Self-reassurance, not self-esteem, serves as a buffer between self-criticism and depressive symptoms

Petrocchi, Nicola, Dentale, Francesco and Gilbert, Paul 2018. Self-reassurance, not self-esteem, serves as a buffer between self-criticism and depressive symptoms. Psychology and Psychotherapy. https://doi.org/10.1111/papt.12186

The factor structure of the Forms of Self-Criticising/Attacking & Self-Reassuring Scale in thirteen distinct populations.

Halamová, Júlia, Kanovský, Martin, Gilbert, Paul, Troop, Nicholas A., Zuroff, David C., Hermanto, Nicola, Petrocchi, Nicola, Sommers-Spijkerman, Marion, Kirby, James N., Shahar, Ben, Krieger, Tobias, Matos, Marcela, Asano, Kenichi, Yu, FuYa, Basran, Jaskaran and Kupeli, Nuriye 2018. The factor structure of the Forms of Self-Criticising/Attacking & Self-Reassuring Scale in thirteen distinct populations. Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment. 40 (4), pp. 736-751. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10862-018-9686-2

Evaluation of a web-based self-compassion intervention to reduce student assessment anxiety.

McEwan, Kirsten, Elander, James and Gilbert, Paul 2018. Evaluation of a web-based self-compassion intervention to reduce student assessment anxiety. Interdisciplinary Education and Psychology.

Compassionate faces: Evidence for distinctive facial expressions associated with specific prosocial motivations

Falconer, Caroline, J., Lobmaier, Janek, S., Cristoforou, Marina, Kamboj, Sunjeev, K., King, John, A., Gilbert, Paul and Brewin, Chris, R. 2018. Compassionate faces: Evidence for distinctive facial expressions associated with specific prosocial motivations. PLos ONE. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0210283

A proof‐of‐concept pilot randomized comparative trial of brief Internet‐based compassionate mind training and cognitive‐behavioral therapy for perinatal and intending to become pregnant women

Kelman, Alex, R., Evare, Benjamin, S., Barrera, Alinne, Z., Munoz, Ricardo, F. and Gilbert, Paul 2018. A proof‐of‐concept pilot randomized comparative trial of brief Internet‐based compassionate mind training and cognitive‐behavioral therapy for perinatal and intending to become pregnant women. Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy. https://doi.org/10.1002/cpp.2185

Embodying self-compassion within virtual reality and its effects on patients with depression.

Falconer, Caroline J., Rovira, Aitor, King, John A., Gilbert, Paul, Antley, Angus, Fearon, Pasco, Ralph, Neil, Slater, Mel and Brewin, Chris R. 2018. Embodying self-compassion within virtual reality and its effects on patients with depression. BJPsych Open. https://doi.org/10.1192/bjpo.bp.115.002147

How one experiences and embodies compassionate mind training influences its effectiveness.

Matos, Marcela, Duarte, Joana, Duarte, Cristiana, Gilbert, Paul and Pinto-Gouveia, José 2017. How one experiences and embodies compassionate mind training influences its effectiveness. Mindfulness. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12671-017-0864-1

Compassion, fears, blocks and resistances: An evolutionary investigation.

Gilbert, Paul and Mascaro, Jennifer 2017. Compassion, fears, blocks and resistances: An evolutionary investigation. in: Oxford University Press.

Shame and the vulnerable self in medical contexts: the compassionate solution.

Gilbert, Paul 2017. Shame and the vulnerable self in medical contexts: the compassionate solution. Medical Humanities. https://doi.org/10.1136/medhum-2016-011159

The development of fears of compassion scale Japanese version.

Asano, Kenichi, Tsuchiya, Masao, Ishimura, Ikuo, Lin, Shuzhen, Matsumoto, Yuki, Miyata, Haruko, Kotera, Y., Shimizu, Eiji and Gilbert, Paul 2017. The development of fears of compassion scale Japanese version. PLos ONE. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0185574

Endogenous oxytocin is associated with the experience of compassion and recalled upbringing in Borderline Personality Disorder

Ebert, Andreas, Edel, Marc-Andreas, Gilbert, Paul and Brüne, Martin 2017. Endogenous oxytocin is associated with the experience of compassion and recalled upbringing in Borderline Personality Disorder. Depression and Anxiety. https://doi.org/10.1002/da.22683

Development and validation of the forms of self-criticizing / attacking and self-reassuring scale - Short form.

Sommers-Spijkerman, Marion, Trompetter, Hester, ten Klooster, Peter, Schreurs, Karlein, Gilbert, Paul and Bohlmeijer, Ernst 2017. Development and validation of the forms of self-criticizing / attacking and self-reassuring scale - Short form. Psychological Assessment. https://doi.org/10.1037/pas0000514

Compassion focused therapy with children and adolescents

Carona, Carlos, Rijo, Daniel, Salvador, Céu, Castilho, Paula and Gilbert, Paul 2017. Compassion focused therapy with children and adolescents. BJPsych Advances. https://doi.org/10.1192/apt.bp.115.015420

Psychological and physiological effects of compassionate mind training: A pilot randomised controlled study

Matos, Marcela, Duarte, Cristiana, Duarte, Joana, Pinto-Gouveia, José, Petrocchi, Nicola, Basran, Jaskaran and Gilbert, Paul 2017. Psychological and physiological effects of compassionate mind training: A pilot randomised controlled study. Mindfulness. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12671-017-0745-7

A brief outline of the evolutionary approach for compassion focused therapy.

Gilbert, Paul 2017. A brief outline of the evolutionary approach for compassion focused therapy. EC PSYCHOLOGY AND PSYCHIATRY.

Measuring competitive self-focus perspective taking, submissive compassion and compassion goals.

Gilbert, Paul, Catarino, Francisca, Sousa, Joana, Ceresatto, Laura, Moore, Rosalind and Basran, Jaskaran 2017. Measuring competitive self-focus perspective taking, submissive compassion and compassion goals. Journal of Compassionate Health Care. https://doi.org/10.1186/s40639-017-0034-2

Exploring compassion focused therapy in forensic settings: An evolutionary and social-contextual approach.

Gilbert, Paul 2017. Exploring compassion focused therapy in forensic settings: An evolutionary and social-contextual approach. in: Routledge.

Compassion: Concepts, research and applications.

Gilbert, Paul 2017. Compassion: Concepts, research and applications. Routledge.

The emergence of the compassion focused therapies

Kirby, James N. and Gilbert, Paul 2017. The emergence of the compassion focused therapies. in: Gilbert, Paul (ed.) Routledge.

The development of compassionate engagement and action scales for self and others

Gilbert, Paul, Catarino, Francisca, Duarte, Cristiana, Matos, Marcela, Kolts, Russell, Stubbs, James, Ceresatto, Laura, Duarte, Joana, Pinto-Gouveia, José and Basran, Jaskaran 2017. The development of compassionate engagement and action scales for self and others. Journal of Compassionate Health Care. https://doi.org/10.1186/s40639-017-0033-3

The impact of self-criticism and self-reassurance on weight-related affect and well-being in participants of a commercial weight management programme.

Duarte, Cristiana, Stubbs, James, Pinto-Gouveia, José, Matos, Marcela, Gale, Corinne, Morris, Liam and Gilbert, Paul 2017. The impact of self-criticism and self-reassurance on weight-related affect and well-being in participants of a commercial weight management programme. Obesity Facts. https://doi.org/10.1159/000454834

Cultivating the compassionate self against depression: An exploration of processes of change.

Matos, Marcela, Duarte, Joana, Duarte, Cristiana, Pinto-Gouveia, José and Gilbert, Paul 2017. Cultivating the compassionate self against depression: An exploration of processes of change. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.eurpsy.2017.02.344

The current and future role of heart rate variability for assessing and training compassion

Kirby, James N., Doty, James R., Petrocchi, Nicola and Gilbert, Paul 2017. The current and future role of heart rate variability for assessing and training compassion. Frontiers in Public Health. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpubh.2017.00040

A tailored compassion-focused therapy program for sexual minority young adults with depressive symotomatology: study protocol for a randomized controlled trial.

Pepping, Christopher A., Lyons, Anthony, McNair, Ruth, Kirby, James N., Petrocchi, Nicola and Gilbert, Paul 2017. A tailored compassion-focused therapy program for sexual minority young adults with depressive symotomatology: study protocol for a randomized controlled trial. BMC Psychology. https://doi.org/10.1186/s40359-017-0175-2

Living like crazy

Gilbert, Paul 2017. Living like crazy. Annwyn House.

The physiological and emotional effects of touch: Assessing a hand-massage intervention with high self-critics

Maratos, Frances A., Duarte, Joana, Barnes, Christopher, McEwan, Kirsten, Sheffield, David and Gilbert, Paul 2017. The physiological and emotional effects of touch: Assessing a hand-massage intervention with high self-critics. Psychiatry Research. 250, pp. 221-227. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.psychres.2017.01.066

The impact of shame, self-criticism and social rank on eating behaviours in overweight and obese women participating in a weight management programme

Duarte, Cristiana, Matos, Marcela, Stubbs, James, Gale, Corinne, Morris, Liam, Gouveia, Jose Pinto and Gilbert, Paul 2017. The impact of shame, self-criticism and social rank on eating behaviours in overweight and obese women participating in a weight management programme. PLos ONE. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0167571

Compassion as a social mentality: An evolutionary approach

Gilbert, Paul 2017. Compassion as a social mentality: An evolutionary approach. in: Gilbert, Paul (ed.) Routledge.

Compassion: Definitions and controversies

Gilbert, Paul 2017. Compassion: Definitions and controversies. in: Gilbert, Paul (ed.) Routledge.

The early memories of warmth and safeness scale for adolescents: Cross-sample validation of the complete and brief versions

Vagos, Paula, Ribeiro da Silva, Diana, Brazão, Nélio, Rijo, Daniel and Gilbert, Paul 2016. The early memories of warmth and safeness scale for adolescents: Cross-sample validation of the complete and brief versions. Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy. https://doi.org/10.1002/cpp.2059

A descriptive study of feelings of arrested escape (entrapment) and arrested anger in people presenting to an emergency department following an episode of self-harm.

Clarke, Martin, McEwan, Kirsten, Ness, Jennifer, Waters, Keith, Basran, Jaskaran and Gilbert, Paul 2016. A descriptive study of feelings of arrested escape (entrapment) and arrested anger in people presenting to an emergency department following an episode of self-harm. Frontiers in Psychiatry. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyt.2016.00155

Attitudes towards mental health problems scale: Confirmatory factor analysis and validation in the Portuguese population.

Cabral Master, Joana Moura, Barreto Carvalho, Célia Maria de Oliveira, Motta, Carolina Dall’Antonia, Sousa, Marina Correia and Gilbert, Paul 2016. Attitudes towards mental health problems scale: Confirmatory factor analysis and validation in the Portuguese population. American Journal of Psychiatric Rehabilitation. https://doi.org/10.1080/15487768.2016.1197860

Human nature and suffering.

Gilbert, Paul 2016. Human nature and suffering. Routledge.

Ability to receive compassion from others buffers the depressogenic effect of self-criticism: A cross-cultural multi-study analysis

Hermanto, Nicola, Zuroff, David C., Kopala-Sibley, Daniel C., Kelly, Allison C., Matos, Marcela, Gilbert, Paul and Koestner, Richard 2016. Ability to receive compassion from others buffers the depressogenic effect of self-criticism: A cross-cultural multi-study analysis. Personality and Individual Differences. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.paid.2016.04.055

Dimensionality and measurement invariance of the Other as Shamer Scale across diverse adolescent samples

Vagos, Paula, Ribeiro da Silva, Diana, Brazão, Nélio, Rijo, Daniel and Gilbert, Paul 2016. Dimensionality and measurement invariance of the Other as Shamer Scale across diverse adolescent samples. Personality and Individual Differences. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.paid.2016.04.046

Comparing brief internet-based compassionate mind training and cognitive behavioral therapy for perinatal women: Study protocol for a randomized controlled trial.

Kelman, Alex R, Stanley, Meagan L, Barrera, Alinne Z, Cree, Michelle, Heineberg, Yotam and Gilbert, Paul 2016. Comparing brief internet-based compassionate mind training and cognitive behavioral therapy for perinatal women: Study protocol for a randomized controlled trial. JMIR Research Protocols. https://doi.org/10.2196/resprot.5332

Development of a compassion-focused and contextual behavioural environment and validation of the Therapeutic Environment Scales (TESS).

Veale, David, Miles, Sarah, Naismith, Iona, Pieta, Maria and Gilbert, Paul 2016. Development of a compassion-focused and contextual behavioural environment and validation of the Therapeutic Environment Scales (TESS). BJPsych Bulletin. https://doi.org/10.1192/pb.bp.114.048736

‘Do you practice what you preach?’ A qualitative exploration of therapists' personal practice of compassion focused therapy.

Gale, Corinne, Schröder, Thomas and Gilbert, Paul 2015. ‘Do you practice what you preach?’ A qualitative exploration of therapists' personal practice of compassion focused therapy. Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy. https://doi.org/10.1002/cpp.1993

A pilot feasibility study exploring the practising of compassionate imagery exercises in a nonclinical population

McEwan, Kirsten and Gilbert, Paul 2015. A pilot feasibility study exploring the practising of compassionate imagery exercises in a nonclinical population. Psychology and Psychotherapy: Theory, Research and Practice. https://doi.org/10.1111/papt.12078

Do therapeutic imagery practices affect physiological and emotional indicators of threat in high self-critics?

Duarte, Joana, McEwan, Kirsten, Barnes, Christopher, Gilbert, Paul and Maratos, Frances A. 2015. Do therapeutic imagery practices affect physiological and emotional indicators of threat in high self-critics? Psychology and Psychotherapy: Theory, Research and Practice. https://doi.org/10.1111/papt.12043

The evolution and social dynamics of compassion

Gilbert, Paul 2015. The evolution and social dynamics of compassion. Social and Personality Psychology Compass. https://doi.org/10.1111/spc3.12176

Recreational 3,4-methylenedioxy-N-methylamphetamine (MDMA) or ‘ecstasy’ and self-focused compassion: Preliminary steps in the development of a therapeutic psychopharmacology of contemplative practices

Kamboj, Sunjeev K, Kilford, Emma J., Minchin, Stephanie, Moss, Abigail, Lawn, Will, Das, Ravi K., Falconer, Caroline J., Gilbert, Paul, Curran, H Valerie and Freeman, Tom P. 2015. Recreational 3,4-methylenedioxy-N-methylamphetamine (MDMA) or ‘ecstasy’ and self-focused compassion: Preliminary steps in the development of a therapeutic psychopharmacology of contemplative practices. Journal of Psychopharmacology. https://doi.org/10.1177/0269881115587143

An evolutionary approach to emotion in mental health with a focus on affiliative emotions.

Gilbert, Paul 2015. An evolutionary approach to emotion in mental health with a focus on affiliative emotions. Emotion Review. https://doi.org/10.1177/1754073915576552

Self-disgust, self-hatred, and compassion focused therapy.

Gilbert, Paul 2015. Self-disgust, self-hatred, and compassion focused therapy. in: Karnac Books.

Spirituality and the evolution of compassion.

Gilbert, Paul and Gilbert, Hannah 2015. Spirituality and the evolution of compassion. in: Praeger.

Cruelty, evolution, and religion: The challenge for the new spiritualities

Gilbert, Paul and Gilbert, Hannah 2015. Cruelty, evolution, and religion: The challenge for the new spiritualities. in: Praeger.

The Other as Shamer Scale – 2: Development and validation of a short version of a measure of external shame

Matos, Marcela, Pinto-Gouveia, José, Gilbert, Paul, Duarte, Cristiana and Figueiredo, Cláudia 2015. The Other as Shamer Scale – 2: Development and validation of a short version of a measure of external shame. Personality and Individual Differences. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.paid.2014.09.037

Affiliative and prosocial motives and emotions in mental health

Gilbert, Paul 2015. Affiliative and prosocial motives and emotions in mental health. Dialogues in Clinical Neuroscience.

Forms of self-criticising/attacking & self-reassuring scale: Psychometric properties and normative study

Baião, Rita, Gilbert, Paul, McEwan, Kirsten and Carvalho, Sérgio 2014. Forms of self-criticising/attacking & self-reassuring scale: Psychometric properties and normative study. Psychology and Psychotherapy: Theory, Research and Practice. https://doi.org/10.1111/papt.12049

Embodying compassion: A virtual reality paradigm for overcoming excessive self-criticism

Falconer, Caroline J., Slater, Mel, Rovira, Aitor, King, John A., Gilbert, Paul, Antley, Angus and Brewin, Chris R. 2014. Embodying compassion: A virtual reality paradigm for overcoming excessive self-criticism. PLos ONE. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0111933

A qualitative study of the understanding and use of ‘compassion focused coping strategies’ in people who suffer from serious weight difficulties.

Gilbert, Jean, Stubbs, James, Gale, Corinne, Gilbert, Paul, Dunk, Laura and Thomson, Louise 2014. A qualitative study of the understanding and use of ‘compassion focused coping strategies’ in people who suffer from serious weight difficulties. Journal of Compassionate Health Care. https://doi.org/10.1186/s40639-014-0009-5

Negotiating in the world of mixed beliefs and value systems: A compassion-focused model

Gilbert, Paul 2014. Negotiating in the world of mixed beliefs and value systems: A compassion-focused model. in: Springer.

Compassionate mind coaching

Anstiss, Tim and Gilbert, Paul 2014. Compassionate mind coaching. in: Kogan Page.

Measurement of external shame: An inside view

Balsamo, Michela, Macchia, Antonella, Carlucci, Leonardo, Picconi, Laura, Tommasi, Marco, Gilbert, Paul and Saggino, Aristide 2014. Measurement of external shame: An inside view. Journal of Personality Assessment. https://doi.org/10.1080/00223891.2014.947650

Shyness, social anxiety, and social phobia

Henderson, Lynne, Gilbert, Paul and Zimbardo, Philip 2014. Shyness, social anxiety, and social phobia. in: Academic Press.

Compassionate care: The theory and the reality.

Cole-King, Alys and Gilbert, Paul 2014. Compassionate care: The theory and the reality. in: Routledge.

The design of compassionate care.

Crawford, Paul, Brown, Brian, Kvangarsnes, Marit and Gilbert, Paul 2014. The design of compassionate care. Journal of Clinical Nursing. https://doi.org/10.1111/jocn.12632

Fears of negative emotions in relation to fears of happiness, compassion, alexithymia and psychopathology in a depressed population: A preliminary study

Gilbert, Paul, McEwan, Kirsten, Catarino, Francisca and Baião, Rita 2014. Fears of negative emotions in relation to fears of happiness, compassion, alexithymia and psychopathology in a depressed population: A preliminary study. Journal of Depression and Anxiety. https://doi.org/10.4172/2167-1044.S2-004

Fears of compassion in a depressed population: Implication for psychotherapy

Gilbert, Paul, McEwan, Kirsten, Catarino, Francisca and Baião, Rita 2014. Fears of compassion in a depressed population: Implication for psychotherapy. Journal of Depression and Anxiety. https://doi.org/10.4172/2167-1044.S2-003

Compassion motivations: Distinguishing submissive compassion from genuine compassion and its association with shame, submissive behavior, depression, anxiety and stress

Catarino, Francisca, Gilbert, Paul, McEwan, Kirsten and Baião, Rita 2014. Compassion motivations: Distinguishing submissive compassion from genuine compassion and its association with shame, submissive behavior, depression, anxiety and stress. Journal of Social and Clinical Psychology. https://doi.org/10.1521/jscp.2014.33.5.399

A new therapeutic community: Development of a compassion-focussed and contextual behavioural environment

Veale, David, Gilbert, Paul, Wheatley, Jon and Naismith, Iona 2014. A new therapeutic community: Development of a compassion-focussed and contextual behavioural environment. Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy. https://doi.org/10.1002/cpp.1897

Predictors of painkiller dependence among people with pain in the general population

Elander, James, Duarte, Joana, Maratos, Frances A. and Gilbert, Paul 2013. Predictors of painkiller dependence among people with pain in the general population. Pain Medicine. 15 (4), p. 613–624. https://doi.org/10.1111/pme.12263

Compassion-focused therapy: Preface and introduction for special section.

Gilbert, Paul 2014. Compassion-focused therapy: Preface and introduction for special section. British Journal of Clinical Psychology. https://doi.org/10.1111/bjc.12045

Evolutionary models: Practical and conceptual utility for the treatment and study of social anxiety disorder

Gilbert, Paul 2014. Evolutionary models: Practical and conceptual utility for the treatment and study of social anxiety disorder. in: Wiley Blackwell.

The origins and nature of compassion focused therapy

Gilbert, Paul 2014. The origins and nature of compassion focused therapy. British Journal of Clinical Psychology. https://doi.org/10.1111/bjc.12043

Facial expressions depicting compassionate and critical emotions: the development and validation of a new emotional face stimulus set

McEwan, Kirsten, Gilbert, Paul, Dandeneau, Stephane, Lipka, Sigrid, Maratos, Frances A., Paterson, Kevin B. and Baldwin, Mark 2014. Facial expressions depicting compassionate and critical emotions: the development and validation of a new emotional face stimulus set. PLos ONE. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0088783

Rank perception and self-evaluation in eating disorders

Cardi, Valentina, Di Matteo, Rosalia, Gilbert, Paul and Treasure, Janet 2014. Rank perception and self-evaluation in eating disorders. International Journal of Eating Disorders. https://doi.org/10.1002/eat.22261

Fears of happiness and compassion in relationship with depression, alexithymia, and attachment security in a depressed sample.

Gilbert, Paul, McEwan, Kirsten, Catarino, Francisca, Baião, Rita and Palmeira, Lara 2013. Fears of happiness and compassion in relationship with depression, alexithymia, and attachment security in a depressed sample. British Journal of Clinical Psychology. https://doi.org/10.1111/bjc.12037

Body dysmorphic disorder: The functional and evolutionary context in phenomenology and a compassionate mind.

Veale, David and Gilbert, Paul 2013. Body dysmorphic disorder: The functional and evolutionary context in phenomenology and a compassionate mind. Journal of Obsessive-Compulsive and Related Disorders. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jocrd.2013.11.005

Practical compassions: repertoires of practice and compassion talk in acute mental healthcare

Brown, Brian, Crawford, Paul, Gilbert, Paul, Gilbert, Jean and Gale, Corinne 2013. Practical compassions: repertoires of practice and compassion talk in acute mental healthcare. Sociology of Health & Illness. https://doi.org/10.1111/1467-9566.12065

An exploration of group-based compassion focused therapy for a heterogeneous range of clients presenting to a community mental health team.

Judge, Lorna, Cleghorn, Ailish, McEwan, Kirsten and Gilbert, Paul 2012. An exploration of group-based compassion focused therapy for a heterogeneous range of clients presenting to a community mental health team. International Journal of Cognitive Therapy. https://doi.org/10.1521/ijct.2012.5.4.420

An evaluation of the impact of introducing compassion focused therapy to a standard treatment programme for people with eating disorders

Gale, Corinne, Gilbert, Paul, Read, Natalie and Goss, Ken 2012. An evaluation of the impact of introducing compassion focused therapy to a standard treatment programme for people with eating disorders. Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy. https://doi.org/10.1002/cpp.1806

The relationship between self-concealment and disclosure, early experiences, attachement, and social comparison.

Cruddas, Sarah, Gilbert, Paul and McEwan, Kirsten 2012. The relationship between self-concealment and disclosure, early experiences, attachement, and social comparison. International Journal of Cognitive Therapy. https://doi.org/10.1521/ijct.2012.5.1.28

The effect of shame and shame memories on paranoid ideation and social anxiety.

Matos, Marcela, Pinto-Gouveia, José and Gilbert, Paul 2012. The effect of shame and shame memories on paranoid ideation and social anxiety. Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy. https://doi.org/10.1002/cpp.1766

Fears of compassion and happiness in relation to alexithymia, mindfulness, and self-criticism.

Gilbert, Paul, McEwan, Kirsten, Gibbons, L., Duarte, Joana and Matos, Marcela 2011. Fears of compassion and happiness in relation to alexithymia, mindfulness, and self-criticism. Psychology and Psychotherapy: Theory, Research and Practice. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.2044-8341.2011.02046.x

Effects of intranasal oxytocin on compassion focused imagery.

Rockliff, Helen, Karl, Anke, McEwan, Kirsten, Gilbert, Jean, Matos, Marcela and Gilbert, Paul 2011. Effects of intranasal oxytocin on compassion focused imagery. Emotion. https://doi.org/10.1037/a0023861

An exploration of competitiveness and caring in relation to psychopathology.

McEwan, Kirsten, Gilbert, Paul and Duarte, Joana 2011. An exploration of competitiveness and caring in relation to psychopathology. British Journal of Clinical Psychology. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.2044-8260.2011.02010.x

Fears of compassion: development of three self-report measures.

Gilbert, Paul, McEwan, Kirsten, Matos, Marcela and Rivis, Amanda 2011. Fears of compassion: development of three self-report measures. Psychology and Psychotherapy: Theory, Research and Practice. https://doi.org/10.1348/147608310X526511

Self-harm in a mixed clinical population: The roles of self-criticism, shame, and social rank.

Gilbert, Paul, McEwan, Kirsten, Irons, Christopher Paul, Bhundia, Rakhee, Christie, Rachael, Broomhead, Claire and Rockliff, Helen 2010. Self-harm in a mixed clinical population: The roles of self-criticism, shame, and social rank. British Journal of Clinical Psychology. https://doi.org/10.1348/014466509X479771

Having a word with yourself: Neural correlates of self-criticism and self-reassurance

Longe, O., Maratos, F.A., Gilbert, P., Evans, G., Volker, F., Rockliff, H. and Rippon, G. 2010. Having a word with yourself: Neural correlates of self-criticism and self-reassurance. NeuroImage. 49 (2), pp. 1849-1856. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.neuroimage.2009.09.019

Striving and competing and its relationship to self-harm in young adults.

Williams, Katie, Gilbert, Paul and McEwan, Kirsten 2009. Striving and competing and its relationship to self-harm in young adults. International Journal of Cognitive Therapy. https://doi.org/10.1521/ijct.2009.2.3.282

An exploration of different types of positive affect in students and patients with bipolar disorder.

Gilbert, Paul, McEwan, Kirsten, Mitra, Ranjana, Richter, Anne, Franks, Leigh, Mills, Alison, Bellew, Rebecca and Gale, Corinne 2009. An exploration of different types of positive affect in students and patients with bipolar disorder. Clinical Neuropsychiatry: Journal of Treatment Evaluation.

The dark side of competition: How competitive behaviour and striving to avoid inferiority are linked to depression, anxiety, stress and self-harm.

Gilbert, Paul, McEwan, Kirsten, Bellew, Rebecca, Mills, Alison and Gale, Corinne 2009. The dark side of competition: How competitive behaviour and striving to avoid inferiority are linked to depression, anxiety, stress and self-harm. Psychology and Psychotherapy: Theory, Research and Practice. https://doi.org/10.1348/147608308X379806

Development of an early memories of warmth and safeness scale and its relationship to psychopathology.

Richter, Anne, Gilbert, Paul and McEwan, Kirsten 2009. Development of an early memories of warmth and safeness scale and its relationship to psychopathology. Psychology and Psychotherapy: Theory, Research and Practice. https://doi.org/10.1348/147608308X395213

Feeling safe and content: A specific affect regulation system? Relationship to depression, anxiety, stress, and self-criticism.

Gilbert, Paul, McEwan, Kirsten, Mitra, Ranjana, Franks, Leigh, Richter, Anne and Rockliff, Helen 2008. Feeling safe and content: A specific affect regulation system? Relationship to depression, anxiety, stress, and self-criticism. The Journal of Positive Psychology. https://doi.org/10.1080/17439760801999461

A pilot exploration of heart rate variability and salivary cortisol responses to compassion-focused imagery.

Rockliff, Helen, Gilbert, Paul, McEwan, Kirsten, Lightman, Stafford and Glover, David 2008. A pilot exploration of heart rate variability and salivary cortisol responses to compassion-focused imagery. Clinical Neuropsychiatry: Journal of Treatment Evaluation.

Paranoid beliefs and self-criticism in students.

Mills, Alison, Gilbert, Paul, Bellew, Rebecca, McEwan, Kirsten and Gale, Corinne 2007. Paranoid beliefs and self-criticism in students. Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy. https://doi.org/10.1002/cpp.537

Development of a striving to avoid inferiority scale.

Gilbert, Paul, Broomhead, Claire, Irons, Christopher Paul, McEwan, Kirsten, Bellew, Rebecca, Mills, Alison, Gale, Corinne and Knibb, Rebecca C. 2007. Development of a striving to avoid inferiority scale. British Journal of Social Psychology. https://doi.org/10.1348/014466606X157789

Cultural differences in shame-focused attitudes towards mental health problems in Asian and Non-Asian student women.

Gilbert, Paul, Bhundia, Rakhee, Mitra, Ranjana, McEwan, Kirsten, Irons, Christopher Paul and Sanghera, Jasvinder 2007. Cultural differences in shame-focused attitudes towards mental health problems in Asian and Non-Asian student women. Mental Health Religion & Culture. https://doi.org/10.1080/13694670500415124

Social rank and attachment in people with a bipolar disorder.

Gilbert, Paul, McEwan, Kirsten, Hay, J, Irons, Christopher Paul and Cheung, M. 2007. Social rank and attachment in people with a bipolar disorder. Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy. https://doi.org/10.1002/cpp.508

Eating attitudes and striving to avoid inferiority.

Bellew, Rebecca, Gilbert, Paul, Mills, Alison, McEwan, Kirsten and Gale, Corinne 2006. Eating attitudes and striving to avoid inferiority. Eating Disorders. https://doi.org/10.1080/10640260600796242

Investigating relationships between perfectionism, forms and functions of self-criticism, and sensitivity to put-down.

Gilbert, Paul, Durrant, R. and McEwan, Kirsten 2006. Investigating relationships between perfectionism, forms and functions of self-criticism, and sensitivity to put-down. Personality and Individual Differences. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.paid.2006.05.004

Interpersonal sensitivities: their link to mood, anger and gender.

Gilbert, Paul, Irons, Christopher Paul, Olsen, K., Gilbert, Jean and McEwan, Kirsten 2006. Interpersonal sensitivities: their link to mood, anger and gender. Psychology and Psychotherapy: Theory, Research and Practice. https://doi.org/10.1348/147608305X43856

The relation of entrapment, shame and guilt to depression, in carers of people with dementia.

Martin, Y., Gilbert, Paul, McEwan, Kirsten and Irons, Christopher Paul 2006. The relation of entrapment, shame and guilt to depression, in carers of people with dementia. Aging and Mental Health. https://doi.org/10.1080/13607860500311953

An exploration into depression-focused and anger-focused rumination in relation to depression in a student population.

Gilbert, Paul, Cheung, Mimi, Irons, Christopher Paul and McEwan, Kirsten 2005. An exploration into depression-focused and anger-focused rumination in relation to depression in a student population. Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy. https://doi.org/10.1017/S1352465804002048
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