A systematic review of compassion-based interventions for individuals struggling with body weight shame
|Authors||Carter, Alicia, Gilbert, Paul and Kirby, James, N.|
This systematic review investigated compassion-based interventions and the extent to which they can assist with addressing body weight shame.
The systematic review was pre-registered and conducted according to PRISMA guidelines. Seven electronic databases (PsycNET, Pubmed, Web of science, CINAHL, Scopus, ProQuest, Social Science Database) were searched. The methodological quality of studies was also assessed.
Main outcomes were body weight shame, and compassion. Secondary outcomes assessed were mental health, eating attitudes and behaviours, physical exercise and Body Mass Index and weight.
25 studies (23 papers) met inclusion criteria and results indicated promise for compassion-based interventions for body weight shame, compassion, and health related behaviour. Mixed results were found for BMI and weight. The studies varied considerably in terms of populations targeted, the duration of interventions, and intervention delivery.Conclusion: Overall, compassion-based interventions were found to reduce body weight shame and improve levels of compassion. However, the impact of compassion-based interventions on BMI and weight is less promising. Recommendations for future research are provided.
|Keywords||compassion; self-compassion; compassion focused therapy; body weight shame; systematic review|
|Journal||psychology and health|
|Publisher||Taylor and Francis Online|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI)||https://doi.org/10.1080/08870446.2021.1955118|
|Web address (URL)||http://hdl.handle.net/10545/626283|
|Publication dates||25 Oct 2021|
|Publication process dates|
|Deposited||16 Feb 2022, 15:38|
|Accepted||24 Jun 2021|
Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International
|Contributors||University of Queensland and university of Derby|
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