Attentional biases towards familiar and unfamiliar foods in children. The role of food neophobia

Journal article


Maratos, Frances A. and Staples, Paul 2015. Attentional biases towards familiar and unfamiliar foods in children. The role of food neophobia. Appetite. 91, pp. 220-225. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.appet.2015.04.003
AuthorsMaratos, Frances A. and Staples, Paul
Abstract

Familiarity of food stimuli is one factor that has been proposed to explain food preferences and food neophobia in children, with some research suggesting that food neophobia (and familiarity) is at first a predominant of the visual domain. Considering visual attentional biases are a key factor implicated in a majority of fear-related phobias/anxieties, the purpose of this research was to investigate attentional biases to familiar and unfamiliar fruit and vegetables in 8 to 11 year old children with differing levels of food neophobia. To this end, 70 primary aged children completed a visual-probe task measuring attentional biases towards familiar and unfamiliar fruit/vegetables, as well as the food neophobia, general neophobia and willingness to try self-report measures. Results revealed that as an undifferentiated population all children appeared to demonstrate an attentional bias toward the unfamiliar fruit and vegetable stimuli. However, when considering food neophobia, this bias was significantly exaggerated for children self-reporting high food neophobia and negligible for children self-reporting low food neophobia. In addition, willingness to try the food stimuli was inversely correlated with attentional bias toward the unfamiliar fruits/vegetables. Our results demonstrate that visual aspects of food stimuli (e.g. familiarity) play an important role in childhood food neophobia. This study provides the first empirical test of recent theory/models of food neophobia (e.g. Brown & Harris, 2012). Findings are discussed in light of these models and related anxiety models, along with implications concerning the treatment of childhood food neophobia.

KeywordsFood neophobia; Children; Attentional biases; Familiar and unfamiliar foods; Anxiety; Novelty
Year2015
JournalAppetite
Journal citation91, pp. 220-225
PublisherElsevier
ISSN01956663
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1016/j.appet.2015.04.003
Web address (URL)http://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0195666315001427
https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/S0195666315001427
http://hdl.handle.net/10545/594803
hdl:10545/594803
Output statusPublished
Publication dates01 Aug 2015
Publication process dates
Accepted02 Apr 2015
Deposited25 Jan 2016
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ContributorsUniversity of Derby
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