Exploring Pattern Recognition: What is the relationship between the recognition of words, faces and other objects?

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Frances Maratos, Kar-Man Chu, Sigrid Lipka, Edward Stupple and Fabio Parente 2022. Exploring Pattern Recognition: What is the relationship between the recognition of words, faces and other objects? Research Square. https://doi.org/10.21203/rs.3.rs-348237/v1
AuthorsFrances Maratos, Kar-Man Chu, Sigrid Lipka, Edward Stupple and Fabio Parente
Abstract

Debate surrounds processes of visual recognition, with no consensus as to whether recognition of distinct object categories (faces, bodies, cars, and words) is domain specific or subserved by domain-general visual recognition mechanisms. Here, we investigated correlations between the performance of 74 participants on recognition tasks for words, faces and other object categories. Participants completed a counter-balanced test battery of the Cambridge Face, Car and Body Parts Memory tests, as well as a standard lexical decision task with response time (RT) and accuracy as dependent variables. We found that response times were consistently positively and significantly correlated between most object categories; for example, face recognition with body and car recognition, but also with word and non-word recognition. However, correlations between accuracy scores were more limited; for example, face recognition did not correlate with non-word recognition. Additionally, controlling for dyslexia resulted in some correlations becoming more robust (e.g., regular- and irregular-word recognition accuracy) or emerging (e.g., RT between body and real-word recognition), whilst others were partialled out (e.g., recognition accuracy between irregular words and confusable non-words). These results suggest some degree of functional overlap in the neural mechanisms subserving recognition of these different object categories, generally supporting a domain-general view of pattern recognition. This stated, observed relationships were complex. In order to further our understanding of pattern recognition, research investigating the recognition of words, faces and other objects in dyslexic individuals is recommended, as is research examining developmental trajectories of pattern recognition and research exploiting neuroimaging methodologies.

Keywordspreprint; visual recognition; dyslexia; face recognition
Year2022
PublisherResearch Square
ISSN26935015
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.21203/rs.3.rs-348237/v1
Web address (URL)https://www.researchsquare.com/article/rs-348237/v1
Output statusPublished
Publication dates26 May 2022
Publication process dates
Deposited28 Jun 2022
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Luo, Junlong, Tang, Xiaochen, Zhang, Entao and Stupple, Edward J. N. 2014. The neural correlates of belief-bias inhibition: The impact of logic training. Biological Psychology. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biopsycho.2014.09.010
Emotion based attentional priority for storage in visual short-term memory
Simione, Luca, Calabrese, Lucia, Belardinelli, Marta Olivetti, Marucci, Francesco Saverio, Raffone, Antonino and Maratos, Frances A. 2014. Emotion based attentional priority for storage in visual short-term memory. PLos ONE. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0095261
Neural networks engaged in short-term memory rehearsal are disrupted by irrelevant speech in human subjects
Kopp, Franziska, Schröger, Erich and Lipka, Sigrid 2004. Neural networks engaged in short-term memory rehearsal are disrupted by irrelevant speech in human subjects. Neuroscience Letters.
Synchronized brain activity during rehearsal and short-term memory disruption by irrelevant speech is affected by recall mode
Kopp, Franziska, Schröger, Erich and Lipka, Sigrid 2013. Synchronized brain activity during rehearsal and short-term memory disruption by irrelevant speech is affected by recall mode. International Journal of Psychophysiology. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijpsycho.2005.10.001
Reading sentences with a late closure ambiguity: does semantic information help?
Lipka, Sigrid 2002. Reading sentences with a late closure ambiguity: does semantic information help? Language and Cognitive Processes. https://doi.org/10.1080/01690960143000029
Implicit alcohol-aggression scripts and alcohol-related aggression on a laboratory task in 11- to 14-year-old adolescents
Brown, Stephen L., Lipka, Sigrid, Coyne, Sarah M., Qualter, Pamela, Barlow, Alexandra and Taylor, Paul 2013. Implicit alcohol-aggression scripts and alcohol-related aggression on a laboratory task in 11- to 14-year-old adolescents. Aggressive Behavior. https://doi.org/10.1002/ab.20400
The effect of cognitive load on faking interrogative suggestibility on the Gudjonsson Suggestibility Scale
Drake, Kim E., Lipka, Sigrid, Smith, Charlotte and Egan, Vincent 2013. The effect of cognitive load on faking interrogative suggestibility on the Gudjonsson Suggestibility Scale. Personality and Individual Differences. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.paid.2012.12.011
Impact of chronic somatoform and osteoarthritis pain on conscious and preconscious cognitive processing
Dohrenbusch, Ralf, Buchanan, Heather, Lipka, Sigrid and Ott, Ralf 2013. Impact of chronic somatoform and osteoarthritis pain on conscious and preconscious cognitive processing. Journal of Pain. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jpain.2008.05.004
In search of critical thinking in psychology: an exploration of student and lecturer understandings in higher education
Duro, Elaine, Elander, James, Maratos, Frances A., Stupple, Edward J. N. and Aubeeluck, Aimee 2013. In search of critical thinking in psychology: an exploration of student and lecturer understandings in higher education. Psychology Learning & Teaching. 12 (3). https://doi.org/10.2304/plat.2013.12.3.275
Predictors of painkiller dependence among people with pain in the general population
Elander, James, Duarte, Joana, Maratos, Frances A. and Gilbert, Paul 2013. Predictors of painkiller dependence among people with pain in the general population. Pain Medicine. 15 (4), p. 613–624. https://doi.org/10.1111/pme.12263
Inspection-time analysis of syllogistic reasoning processes
Stupple, Edward J. N. 2007. Inspection-time analysis of syllogistic reasoning processes. Thesis
Further evidence of reliability and validity of the Huntington’s disease quality of life battery for carers: Italian and French translations
Aubeeluck, Aimee, Dorey, Julie, Squitieri, Ferdinando, Clay, Emilie, Stupple, Edward J. N., De Nicola, Annunziata, Buchanan, Heather, Martino, Tiziana and Toumi, Mondher 2012. Further evidence of reliability and validity of the Huntington’s disease quality of life battery for carers: Italian and French translations. Quality of Life Research. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11136-012-0227-2
Early gamma-band activity as a function of threat processing in the extrastriate visual cortex
Maratos, Frances A., Senior, Carl, Mogg, Karin, Bradley, Brendan P. and Rippon, Gina 2012. Early gamma-band activity as a function of threat processing in the extrastriate visual cortex. Cognitive Neuroscience. 3 (1), pp. 62-68. https://doi.org/10.1080/17588928.2011.613989
Temporal processing of emotional stimuli: The capture and release of attention by angry faces
Maratos, Frances A. 2011. Temporal processing of emotional stimuli: The capture and release of attention by angry faces. Emotion. 11 (5), p. 1242–1247. https://doi.org/10.1037/a0024279
‘All the burden on all the carers’: exploring quality of life with family caregivers of Huntington’s disease patients
Aubeeluck, Aimee, Buchanan, Heather and Stupple, Edward J. N. 2011. ‘All the burden on all the carers’: exploring quality of life with family caregivers of Huntington’s disease patients. Quality of Life Research. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11136-011-0062-x
When logic and belief collide: Individual differences in reasoning times support a selective processing model
Stupple, Edward J. N., Ball, Linden J., Evans, Jonathan St. B. T. and Kamal-Smith, Emily 2011. When logic and belief collide: Individual differences in reasoning times support a selective processing model. Journal of Cognitive Psychology. https://doi.org/10.1080/20445911.2011.589381
Having a word with yourself: Neural correlates of self-criticism and self-reassurance
Longe, O., Maratos, F.A., Gilbert, P., Evans, G., Volker, F., Rockliff, H. and Rippon, G. 2010. Having a word with yourself: Neural correlates of self-criticism and self-reassurance. NeuroImage. 49 (2), pp. 1849-1856. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.neuroimage.2009.09.019
Coarse threat images reveal theta oscillations in the amygdala: A magnetoencephalography study
Maratos, F.A., Mogg, K., Bradley, B.P., Rippon, G. and Senior, C. 2009. Coarse threat images reveal theta oscillations in the amygdala: A magnetoencephalography study. Cognitive, Affective and Behavioral Neuroscience. 9, p. 133–143. https://doi.org/10.3758/cabn.9.2.133
Identification of angry faces in the attentional blink
Maratos, Frances A., Mogg, Karin and Bradley, Brendan P. 2008. Identification of angry faces in the attentional blink. Cognition and Emotion. 22 (7), pp. 1340-1352. https://doi.org/10.1080/02699930701774218
The spatial distribution and temporal dynamics of brain regions activated during the perception of object and non-object patterns
Maratos, F.A., Anderson, S.J., Hillebrand, A., Singh, K.D. and Barnes, G.R. 2007. The spatial distribution and temporal dynamics of brain regions activated during the perception of object and non-object patterns. NeuroImage. 34 (1), pp. 371-383. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.neuroimage.2006.09.017