The Impact of Attitudes, Beliefs, and Cognitive Reflection on the Development of Critical Thinking Skills in Online Students

Journal article


Simonovic, B., Correa Vione, K., Fido, D., Stupple, E., Martin, J. and Clarke, R. 2022. The Impact of Attitudes, Beliefs, and Cognitive Reflection on the Development of Critical Thinking Skills in Online Students. Online Learning . 26 (2), pp. 254-274. https://doi.org/10.24059/olj.v26i2.2725
AuthorsSimonovic, B., Correa Vione, K., Fido, D., Stupple, E., Martin, J. and Clarke, R.
Abstract

Learning and development of critical thinking (CT) skills in higher education is essential for academic achievement. The following experiment is the first to examine the effect of online student’s perceptions and attitudes towards CT across dimensions of confidence, valuing, misconceptions, cognitive reflection, and authors writing. Furthermore, a CT intervention was developed, and the effects of the intervention examined with an aim to help students improve their grade point average. The analyses demonstrated that student’s confidence and cognitive reflection predict academic achievement. Moreover, the online CT intervention was associated with improved students’ CT attitudes, skills, and academic performance. Significant interactions were observed between time (pre- and post-intervention) and intervention in cognitive reflection, confidence, beliefs, and attitudes related to CT, and student grade point average (GPA, as a measure of student’s performance on online modules). It was concluded that the CT can be taught and that an intervention based on “how to think” rather than a “what to think” mixed approach can help online students develop CT, strengthen their confidence in CT and help students improve their academic performance in an online setting.

Keywordscritical thinking; cognitive reflection; critical thinking confidence; teaching,; learning
Year2022
JournalOnline Learning
Journal citation26 (2), pp. 254-274
PublisherThe Online Learning Consortium
ISSN2472-5730
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.24059/olj.v26i2.2725
Web address (URL)https://olj.onlinelearningconsortium.org/index.php/olj/article/view/2725
FunderUniversity of Derby
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Open
Publisher's version
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Output statusPublished
Publication dates
Online02 Jun 2022
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Accepted2022
Deposited24 Jun 2022
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Aubeeluck, Aimee, Dorey, Julie, Squitieri, Ferdinando, Clay, Emilie, Stupple, Edward J. N., De Nicola, Annunziata, Buchanan, Heather, Martino, Tiziana and Toumi, Mondher 2012. Further evidence of reliability and validity of the Huntington’s disease quality of life battery for carers: Italian and French translations. Quality of Life Research. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11136-012-0227-2
‘All the burden on all the carers’: exploring quality of life with family caregivers of Huntington’s disease patients
Aubeeluck, Aimee, Buchanan, Heather and Stupple, Edward J. N. 2011. ‘All the burden on all the carers’: exploring quality of life with family caregivers of Huntington’s disease patients. Quality of Life Research. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11136-011-0062-x
When logic and belief collide: Individual differences in reasoning times support a selective processing model
Stupple, Edward J. N., Ball, Linden J., Evans, Jonathan St. B. T. and Kamal-Smith, Emily 2011. When logic and belief collide: Individual differences in reasoning times support a selective processing model. Journal of Cognitive Psychology. https://doi.org/10.1080/20445911.2011.589381