The Monty Hall problem revisited: Autonomic arousal in an inverted version of the game.
|Authors||Massad, Eduardo, dos Santos, Paulo Cesar Costa, da Rocha, Armando Freitas and Stupple, Edward J. N.|
The asymmetry of autonomic arousal for potential losses and gains was assessed by the galvanic skin response (GSR) of participants playing classic and inverted versions of the Monty Hall problem (MHP). In both versions, the prize remained the same (a pen valued at £10 for the right answer), but in the modified version, prizes were received prior to choosing the door. Both experimental groups showed increased levels of GSR while completing the task, demonstrating increased autonomic arousal during the game. However, a robust difference in GSR was detected between classic and inverted versions of the MHP, thus demonstrating the differing autonomic arousal involved in deciding between the alternatives presented by the game. Participants experienced a stronger autonomic response when they could lose the prize than when they could win the prize. This experiment presents the first demonstration of this effect on the MHP. The stronger autonomic arousal for the inverted task may indicate a stronger emotional reaction and/or greater attentional focus than for the standard version of the task. These data demonstrate that potential losses increase arousal in more complex tasks than is typically shown.
|Keywords||Emotion; Decision making; Games; Cognitive psychology|
|Publisher||Public Library of Science (PLoS)|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI)||https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0192542|
|Web address (URL)||http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0192542|
|Publication dates||26 Mar 2018|
|Publication process dates|
|Deposited||07 Apr 2018, 12:21|
Archived with thanks to PLOS ONE
|Contributors||University of Sao Paulo, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, University of Derby and Fundacao Getulio Vargas|
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