Exploring the predictors of physical inactivity in a university setting

Journal article


Ndupu, L.B., Bussell, C., Faghy, M., Staples, V. and Lipka, S. 2023. Exploring the predictors of physical inactivity in a university setting. BMC Public Health. 23 (59). https://doi.org/10.1186/s12889-022-14953-5
AuthorsNdupu, L.B., Bussell, C., Faghy, M., Staples, V. and Lipka, S.
Abstract

Background
Changes in lifestyle patterns and the dependence on technology have contributed to an increase in prevalence of inactivity. To address this there is a need to identify the predictors of physical inactivity using the Theoretical Domains Framework (TDF).

Methods
One hundred and twenty-one university administrative staff and 114 PhD students completed a survey. Physical activity (PA) levels were assessed using the Global Physical Activity Questionnaire (GPAQ), with participants scoring below 600 MET-minutes/week of total PA regarded as inactive. The predictors of physical inactivity were assessed using the Determinants of Physical Activity Questionnaire (DPAQ). Multiple regression analyses were used to identify which domains of the TDF predicted physical inactivity in the study samples.

Results
The results indicated that 64% of administrative staff (Mean = 411.3 ± 118.3 MET-minutes/week of total PA) and 62% of PhD students (Mean = 405.8 ± 111.0 MET-minutes/week of total PA) did not achieve the recommended PA levels. The physical skills domain (t 106 = 2.198, p = 0.030) was the significant predictor of physical inactivity amongst the administrative staff. Knowledge (t 99 = 2.018, p = .046) and intentions (t 99 = 4.240), p = 0.001) domains were the significant predictors of physical inactivity amongst PhD students.

Conclusions
The results of this study should be used as a theoretical starting point in carrying out behavioural diagnosis, which could inform the design of effective interventions to increase PA levels in universities and other settings.

Keywordsphysical activity; students; higher education; lifestyle
Year2023
JournalBMC Public Health
Journal citation23 (59)
PublisherBMC (Springer Nature)
ISSN1471-2458
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1186/s12889-022-14953-5
Web address (URL)https://bmcpublichealth.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s12889-022-14953-5
Output statusPublished
Publication dates
Online09 Jan 2023
Publication process dates
Accepted27 Dec 2022
Deposited11 Jan 2023
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Pilot study : can inspiratory muscle training relieve symptoms ff dyspnoea and improve quality of life for advanced cancer patients ?: 1872 Board #24 June 2, 3: 30 PM - 5: 00 PM.
Lindley, Martin R., Faghy, Mark, Sowter, Heidi M. and Mickleborough, Timothy D. 2016. Pilot study : can inspiratory muscle training relieve symptoms ff dyspnoea and improve quality of life for advanced cancer patients ?: 1872 Board #24 June 2, 3: 30 PM - 5: 00 PM. Wolters Kluwer. https://doi.org/10.1249/01.mss.0000486545.72377.ea
The impact of a school-based gardening intervention on intentions and behaviour related to fruit and vegetable consumption in children
Duncan, Michael J., Eyre, Emma, Bryant, Elizabeth, Clarke, Neil, Birch, Samantha, Staples, Vicki and Sheffield, David 2015. The impact of a school-based gardening intervention on intentions and behaviour related to fruit and vegetable consumption in children. Journal of Health Psychology. https://doi.org/10.1177/1359105315573445
Attentional bias towards threatening and neutral facial expressions in high trait anxious children.
Kelly, Lauren, Maratos, Frances A., Lipka, Sigrid and Croker, Steve 2016. Attentional bias towards threatening and neutral facial expressions in high trait anxious children. Journal of Experimental Psychopathology. https://doi.org/10.5127/jep.052915
Nature: a new paradigm for well-being and ergonomics
Richardson, Miles, Maspero, Marta, Golightly, David, Sheffield, David, Staples, Vicki and Lumber, Ryan 2016. Nature: a new paradigm for well-being and ergonomics. Ergonomics. https://doi.org/10.1080/00140139.2016.1157213
Limitations and trainability of the respiratory system during exercise with thoracic loads
Faghy, Mark 2016. Limitations and trainability of the respiratory system during exercise with thoracic loads. Thesis
Effects of load mass carried in a backpack upon respiratory muscle fatigue
Faghy, Mark, Blacker, Sam D. and Brown, Peter I. 2016. Effects of load mass carried in a backpack upon respiratory muscle fatigue. European Journal of Sport Science. 16 (8), pp. 1032-1038. https://doi.org/10.1080/17461391.2016.1202326
Training the inspiratory muscles improves running performance when carrying a 25 kg thoracic load in a backpack
Faghy, Mark and Brown, Peter I. 2015. Training the inspiratory muscles improves running performance when carrying a 25 kg thoracic load in a backpack. European Journal of Sport Science. 16 (5), pp. 585-594. https://doi.org/10.1080/17461391.2015.1071878
Preloaded Time Trial to Assess Load Carriage Performance
Mark A. Faghy and Peter I. Brown 2014. Preloaded Time Trial to Assess Load Carriage Performance. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research. 28 (12), pp. 3354-3362. https://doi.org/10.1519/jsc.0000000000000555
Thoracic load carriage-induced respiratory muscle fatigue
Faghy, M. and Brown, P.I. 2014. Thoracic load carriage-induced respiratory muscle fatigue. European Journal of Applied Physiology. 114, p. 1085–1093. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00421-014-2839-4
Facial expressions depicting compassionate and critical emotions: the development and validation of a new emotional face stimulus set
McEwan, Kirsten, Gilbert, Paul, Dandeneau, Stephane, Lipka, Sigrid, Maratos, Frances A., Paterson, Kevin B. and Baldwin, Mark 2014. Facial expressions depicting compassionate and critical emotions: the development and validation of a new emotional face stimulus set. PLos ONE. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0088783
Neural networks engaged in short-term memory rehearsal are disrupted by irrelevant speech in human subjects
Kopp, Franziska, Schröger, Erich and Lipka, Sigrid 2004. Neural networks engaged in short-term memory rehearsal are disrupted by irrelevant speech in human subjects. Neuroscience Letters.
Synchronized brain activity during rehearsal and short-term memory disruption by irrelevant speech is affected by recall mode
Kopp, Franziska, Schröger, Erich and Lipka, Sigrid 2013. Synchronized brain activity during rehearsal and short-term memory disruption by irrelevant speech is affected by recall mode. International Journal of Psychophysiology. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijpsycho.2005.10.001
Reading sentences with a late closure ambiguity: does semantic information help?
Lipka, Sigrid 2002. Reading sentences with a late closure ambiguity: does semantic information help? Language and Cognitive Processes. https://doi.org/10.1080/01690960143000029
Implicit alcohol-aggression scripts and alcohol-related aggression on a laboratory task in 11- to 14-year-old adolescents
Brown, Stephen L., Lipka, Sigrid, Coyne, Sarah M., Qualter, Pamela, Barlow, Alexandra and Taylor, Paul 2013. Implicit alcohol-aggression scripts and alcohol-related aggression on a laboratory task in 11- to 14-year-old adolescents. Aggressive Behavior. https://doi.org/10.1002/ab.20400
The effect of cognitive load on faking interrogative suggestibility on the Gudjonsson Suggestibility Scale
Drake, Kim E., Lipka, Sigrid, Smith, Charlotte and Egan, Vincent 2013. The effect of cognitive load on faking interrogative suggestibility on the Gudjonsson Suggestibility Scale. Personality and Individual Differences. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.paid.2012.12.011
Impact of chronic somatoform and osteoarthritis pain on conscious and preconscious cognitive processing
Dohrenbusch, Ralf, Buchanan, Heather, Lipka, Sigrid and Ott, Ralf 2013. Impact of chronic somatoform and osteoarthritis pain on conscious and preconscious cognitive processing. Journal of Pain. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jpain.2008.05.004
Ventilatory muscle strength, diaphragm thickness and pulmonary function in world-class powerlifters
Brown, Peter I., Venables, Heather, Liu, Hymsuen, de Witt, Julie T., Brown, Michelle R. and Faghy, Mark 2013. Ventilatory muscle strength, diaphragm thickness and pulmonary function in world-class powerlifters. European Journal of Applied Physiology. 113, p. 2849–2855. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00421-013-2726-4
An exploration of the experience of mental health service users when they decide they would like to change or withdraw from prescribed medications
Gale, Corinne, Baldwin, Laurence, Staples, Vicki, Montague, Jane and Waldram, Dave 2012. An exploration of the experience of mental health service users when they decide they would like to change or withdraw from prescribed medications. Journal of Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2850.2011.01860.x