Evaluation of the Psychometric Properties of PainChek® in UK Aged Care Residents with advanced dementia

Journal article


Babicova, I., Cross, A., Hughes, J., Hoti, K. and Forman, D. 2021. Evaluation of the Psychometric Properties of PainChek® in UK Aged Care Residents with advanced dementia. BMC Geriatrics. 21 (337), pp. 1-8. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12877-021-02280-0
AuthorsBabicova, I., Cross, A., Hughes, J., Hoti, K. and Forman, D.
Abstract

Background
The aim of this study was to further validate PainChek®, an electronic pain assessment instrument, with a population living with dementia in a UK care home.

Method
This study utilised a correlational design to evaluate the psychometric properties of PainChek® when compared to the Abbey Pain Scale (APS). Blinded paired pain assessments were completed at rest and immediately post-movement by a researcher and a nurse. A total of 22 participants with a diagnosis of moderate-to-severe dementia and a painful condition were recruited using opportunity sampling.

Results
Overall, 302 paired assessments were collected for 22 participants. Out of these 179 were conducted during rest and 123 were immediately post-movement. The results demonstrated a positive significant correlation between overall PainChek® pain scores and overall APS pain scores (r = 0.818, N = 302, p < .001, one-tailed), satisfactory internal consistency (α = 0.810), moderate single measure intraclass correlation (ICC = 0.680) and substantial inter-rater agreement (κ = 0.719).

Conclusions
PainChek® has demonstrated to be a valid and reliable instrument to assess the presence and severity of pain in people with moderate-to-severe dementia living in aged care.

KeywordsPsychometric Properties; UK; Aged patients ; PainChek®
Year2021
JournalBMC Geriatrics
Journal citation21 (337), pp. 1-8
PublisherBMC - Springer
ISSN1471-2318
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1186/s12877-021-02280-0
Web address (URL)https://bmcgeriatr.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s12877-021-02280-0
Output statusPublished
Publication dates
Online28 May 2021
Publication process dates
Accepted11 May 2021
Deposited19 Sep 2023
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