Predation increases multiple components of microbial diversity in activated sludge communities.

Journal article


Burian, A., Pinn, D., Peralta-Maraver, I., Sweet, M., Mauvisseau, Q., Eyice, O., Bulling, M., Röthig, T. and Kratina, P. 2022. Predation increases multiple components of microbial diversity in activated sludge communities. ISME. 16, p. 1086–1094. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41396-021-01145-z
AuthorsBurian, A., Pinn, D., Peralta-Maraver, I., Sweet, M., Mauvisseau, Q., Eyice, O., Bulling, M., Röthig, T. and Kratina, P.
Abstract

Protozoan predators form an essential component of activated sludge communities that is tightly linked to wastewater treatment efficiency. Nonetheless, very little is known how protozoan predation is channelled via bacterial communities to affect ecosystem functioning. Therefore, we experimentally manipulated protozoan predation pressure in activated-sludge communities to determine its impacts on microbial diversity, composition and putative functionality. Different components of bacterial diversity such as taxa richness, evenness, genetic diversity and beta diversity all responded strongly and positively to high protozoan predation pressure. These responses were non-linear and levelled off at higher levels of predation pressure, supporting predictions of hump-shaped relationships between predation pressure and prey diversity. In contrast to predation intensity, the impact of predator diversity had both positive (taxa richness) and negative (evenness and phylogenetic distinctiveness) effects on bacterial diversity. Furthermore, predation shaped the structure of bacterial communities. Reduction in top-down control negatively affected the majority of taxa that are generally associated with increased treatment efficiency, compromising particularly the potential for nitrogen removal. Consequently, our findings highlight responses of bacterial diversity and community composition as two distinct mechanisms linking protozoan predation with ecosystem functioning in activated sludge communities.

KeywordsProtozoan predators; bacterial diversity; sludge communities
Year2022
JournalISME
Journal citation16, p. 1086–1094
PublisherSpringer Nature
ISSN1751-7370
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1038/s41396-021-01145-z
Web address (URL)https://www.nature.com/articles/s41396-021-01145-z
Output statusPublished
Publication dates
Online01 Dec 2021
Publication process dates
Deposited22 Sep 2022
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Soil contamination with silver nanoparticles reduces Bishop pine growth and ectomycorrhizal diversity on pine roots
Sweet, Michael J. and Singleton, Ian 2015. Soil contamination with silver nanoparticles reduces Bishop pine growth and ectomycorrhizal diversity on pine roots. Journal of Nanoparticle Research. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11051-015-3246-4
Microbial communities associated with healthy and White Syndrome-affected Echinopora lamellosa in aquaria and experimental treatment with the antibiotic Ampicillin
Smith, David, Leary, Peter, Craggs, Jamie, Bythell, John C. and Sweet, Michael J. 2015. Microbial communities associated with healthy and White Syndrome-affected Echinopora lamellosa in aquaria and experimental treatment with the antibiotic Ampicillin. PLos ONE. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0121780
White Syndrome in Acropora muricata: nonspecific bacterial infection and ciliate histophagy
Sweet, Michael J. and Bythell, John C. 2015. White Syndrome in Acropora muricata: nonspecific bacterial infection and ciliate histophagy. Molecular Ecology. https://doi.org/10.1111/mec.13097
A novel sponge disease caused by a consortium of micro-organisms
Sweet, Michael J., Bulling, Mark T. and Cerrano, Carlo 2015. A novel sponge disease caused by a consortium of micro-organisms. Coral Reefs. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00338-015-1284-0
Experimental antibiotic treatment identifies potential pathogens of white band disease in the endangered Caribbean coral Acropora cervicornis
Sweet, Michael J., Croquer, Aldo and Bythell, John C. 2014. Experimental antibiotic treatment identifies potential pathogens of white band disease in the endangered Caribbean coral Acropora cervicornis. Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences. https://doi.org/10.1098/rspb.2014.0094
A novel investigation of a blister-like syndrome in aquarium echinopora lamellosa
Smith, David, Leary, Peter, Bendall, Mark, Flach, Edmund, Jones, Rachel and Sweet, Michael J. 2014. A novel investigation of a blister-like syndrome in aquarium echinopora lamellosa. PLos ONE. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0097018
Assessment of the microbial communities associated with white syndrome and brown jelly syndrome in aquarium corals
Sweet, Michael J., Craggs, Jamie, Robson, James and Bythell, John C. 2013. Assessment of the microbial communities associated with white syndrome and brown jelly syndrome in aquarium corals.
Microsatellites for microbiologists
Sweet, Michael J., Scriven, Lucinda A. and Singleton, Ian 2012. Microsatellites for microbiologists. Advances in Applied Microbiology. https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-12-394382-8.00005-8
Coral diseases in aquaria and in nature
Sweet, Michael J., Jones, Rachel and Bythell, John C. 2013. Coral diseases in aquaria and in nature. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0025315411001688
Development of bacterial biofilms on artificial corals in comparison to surface-associated microbes of hard corals
Sweet, Michael J., Croquer, Aldo, Bythell, John C. and Lopez-Garcia, Purification 2013. Development of bacterial biofilms on artificial corals in comparison to surface-associated microbes of hard corals. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0021195
Characterisation of the bacterial and fungal communities associated with different lesion sizes of Dark Spot Syndrome occurring in the Coral Stephanocoenia intersepta
Sweet, Michael J., Burn, Deborah, Croquer, Aldo, Leary, Peter and Bereswill, Stefan 2013. Characterisation of the bacterial and fungal communities associated with different lesion sizes of Dark Spot Syndrome occurring in the Coral Stephanocoenia intersepta. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0062580
Evidence of melanoma in wild marine fish populations
Sweet, Michael J., Kirkham, Nigel, Bendall, Mark, Currey, Leanne, Bythell, John C., Heupel, Michelle and Vartanian, Jean-Pierre 2013. Evidence of melanoma in wild marine fish populations. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0041989
Metal-based nanoparticles; size, function and areas for advancement
Sweet, Michael J. 2013. Metal-based nanoparticles; size, function and areas for advancement. in:
Using model systems to address the biodiversity-ecosystem functioning process
Bulling, Mark T., White, Piran C. L., Raffaelli, D. and Pierce, Graham J. 2013. Using model systems to address the biodiversity-ecosystem functioning process.
How biodiversity affects ecosystem processes: implications for ecological revolutions and benthic ecosystem function
Solan, Martin, Batty, P., Bulling, Mark T. and Godbold, J. A. 2013. How biodiversity affects ecosystem processes: implications for ecological revolutions and benthic ecosystem function. Aquatic Biology. https://doi.org/10.3354/ab00058
Global patterns of bioturbation intensity and mixed depth of marine soft sediments
Teal, L. R., Bulling, Mark T., Parker, E. R. and Solan, Martin 2013. Global patterns of bioturbation intensity and mixed depth of marine soft sediments. Aquatic Biology. https://doi.org/10.3354/ab00052
Bacterial biodiversity-ecosystem functioning relations are modified by environmental complexity
Langenheder, Silke, Bulling, Mark T., Solan, Martin, Prosser, James I. and Bell, Thomas 2013. Bacterial biodiversity-ecosystem functioning relations are modified by environmental complexity. PLos ONE. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0010834
Impact of biodiversity-climate futures on primary production and metabolism in a model benthic estuarine system
Hicks, Natalie, Bulling, Mark T., Solan, Martin, Raffaelli, D., White, Piran C. L. and Paterson, David M. 2013. Impact of biodiversity-climate futures on primary production and metabolism in a model benthic estuarine system. BMC Ecology. https://doi.org/10.1186/1472-6785-11-7
Role of functionally dominant species in varying environmental regimes: evidence for the performance-enhancing effect of biodiversity
Langenheder, Silke, Bulling, Mark T., Prosser, James I. and Solan, Martin 2013. Role of functionally dominant species in varying environmental regimes: evidence for the performance-enhancing effect of biodiversity. BMC Ecology. https://doi.org/10.1186/1472-6785-12-14
Funding begets biodiversity
Ahrends, Antje, Burgess, Neil D., Gereau, Roy E., Marchant, Rob, Bulling, Mark T., Lovett, Jon C., Platts, Philip J., Kindemba, Victoria Wilkins, Owen, Nisha, Fanning, Eibleis and Rahbek, Carsten 2013. Funding begets biodiversity. Diversity and Distributions. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1472-4642.2010.00737.x
Conservation and the botanist effect
Ahrends, Antje, Rahbek, Carsten, Bulling, Mark T., Burgess, Neil D., Platts, Philip J., Lovett, Jon C., Kindemba, Victoria Wilkins, Owen, Nisha, Sallu, Albert Ntemi and Marshall, Andrew R. 2013. Conservation and the botanist effect. Biological Conservation. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biocon.2010.08.008
Habitat structure mediates biodiversity effects on ecosystem properties
Godbold, J. A., Bulling, Mark T. and Solan, Martin 2013. Habitat structure mediates biodiversity effects on ecosystem properties. Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences. https://doi.org/10.1098/rspb.2010.2414
Permeability of intertidal sandflats: impact of temporal variability on sediment metabolism
Zetzche, E., Bulling, Mark T. and Witte, U. 2013. Permeability of intertidal sandflats: impact of temporal variability on sediment metabolism.
Modelling the impact of vaccination on tuberculosis in badgers.
Hardstaff, Joanne L., Bulling, Mark T., Marion, Glenn, Hutchings, Michael R. and White, Piran C. L. 2013. Modelling the impact of vaccination on tuberculosis in badgers. Epidemiology and infection. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0950268813000642
Indirect effects of non-lethal predation on bivalve activity and sediment reworking
Maire, O., Merchant, J. N., Bulling, Mark T., Teal, L. R., Grémare, A., Duchêne, J. C. and Solan, Martin 2013. Indirect effects of non-lethal predation on bivalve activity and sediment reworking. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jembe.2010.08.004
Predictable waves of sequential forest degradation and biodiversity loss spreading from an African city
Ahrends, Antje, Burgess, Neil D., Milledge, Simon A. H., Bulling, Mark T., Fisher, Brendan, Smart, James C. R., Clarke, G. P., Mhoro, Boniface E. and Lewis, Simon L. 2013. Predictable waves of sequential forest degradation and biodiversity loss spreading from an African city. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.0914471107
Geographical variation in the response to nitrogen deposition in Arabidopsis lyrata petraea.
Vergeer, Philippine, van den Berg, Leon L. J., Bulling, Mark T., Ashmore, Mike R. and Kunin, William E. 2008. Geographical variation in the response to nitrogen deposition in Arabidopsis lyrata petraea. The new phytologist. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1469-8137.2008.02445.x
Marine biodiversity-ecosystem functions under uncertain environmental futures
Bulling, Mark T., Hicks, Natalie, Murray, L., Paterson, David M., Raffaelli, D., White, Piran C. L. and Solan, Martin 2013. Marine biodiversity-ecosystem functions under uncertain environmental futures. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences. https://doi.org/10.1098/rstb.2010.0022
Species effects on ecosystem processes are modified by faunal responses to habitat composition.
Bulling, Mark T., Solan, Martin, Dyson, Kirstie E., Hernandez-Milian, Gema, Luque, Patricia, Pierce, Graham J., Raffaelli, D., Paterson, David M. and White, Piran C. L. 2008. Species effects on ecosystem processes are modified by faunal responses to habitat composition. Oecologia. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00442-008-1160-5
Influence of macrofaunal assemblages and environmental heterogeneity on microphytobenthic production in experimental systems
Dyson, Kirstie E., Bulling, Mark T., Solan, Martin, Hernandez-Milian, Gema, Raffaelli, D., White, Piran C. L. and Paterson, David M. 2013. Influence of macrofaunal assemblages and environmental heterogeneity on microphytobenthic production in experimental systems. Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences. https://doi.org/10.1098/rspb.2007.0922
Quantifying individual feeding variability: implications for mollusc feeding experiments
Hanley, M. E., Bulling, Mark T. and Fenner, M. 2013. Quantifying individual feeding variability: implications for mollusc feeding experiments.
Dirichlet neighbours: revisiting Dirichlet tessellation for neighbourhood analysis
Halls, P. J., Bulling, Mark T., White, Piran C. L., Garland, Lynette and Harris, S. 2013. Dirichlet neighbours: revisiting Dirichlet tessellation for neighbourhood analysis.
Impact of external sources of infection on the dynamics of bovine tuberculosis in modelled badger populations
Hardstaff, Joanne L., Bulling, Mark T., Marion, Glenn, Hutchings, Michael R. and White, Piran C. L. 2013. Impact of external sources of infection on the dynamics of bovine tuberculosis in modelled badger populations. BMC Veterinary Research. https://doi.org/10.1186/1746-6148-8-92