Subgrade reaction for closely spaced raft and isolated foundations on sand: case study
|Hamza, O., Kourdey, A., Hussain, Y. and Mawas, A.
This paper investigates the interference effect of closely-spaced foundations on the modulus of subgrade reaction (k) and provides an insight into some of the factors affecting the k-value of a raft foundation when other foundations (isolated footings or other identical rafts) are closely placed on both sides. The investigation adopted a three-dimensional, non-linear Finite Element numerical analysis based on a case study of a residential project with several multi-story buildings constructed on sand underlain by weathered limestone. A site-specific ground investigation was conducted to determine soil properties, which were used to construct 3D numerical models to simulate different arrangements of foundations and estimate the corresponding k-values. The results show that the k-value starts to decrease when the spacing between the foundations becomes less than three times the raft width, and the percentage of reduction in k-value increases in a non-linear way as the spacing decreases further. In addition to spacing, the study revealed that the effect of adjacent foundations depends on their size and the magnitude of their applied pressure. The case study provides a framework for developing a correction factor that can be applied to k-value for improving the structural and geotechnical design of closely-spaced shallow foundations.
|Shallow foundation; Stress analysis; Geotechnical engineering
|Institution of Civil Engineers
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI)
|Web address (URL)
|Accepted author manuscript
File Access Level
|03 Jan 2023
|Publication process dates
|16 Jan 2023
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