Bio-self-healing of cementitious mortar incubated within clay soil

Journal article


Esaker, M., Hamza, O. and Elliott, D. 2023. Bio-self-healing of cementitious mortar incubated within clay soil. Journal of Materials in Civil Engineering. 36 (1). https://doi.org/10.1061/JMCEE7.MTENG-15713
AuthorsEsaker, M., Hamza, O. and Elliott, D.
Abstract

The use of bacteria-based self-healing concrete for sub-structures in ground conditions is an area of increasing interest for enhancing the durability and longevity of infrastructure. In line with this objective, the present study investigates the bio-self-healing performance when a cementitious material is embedded in clay soil with varying chemical exposures and water-saturation regimes. Laboratory experiments were conducted on pre-cracked mortar specimens with Bacillus Subtilis encapsulated in perlite. The specimens were then incubated in the soil with different pH and sulphate levels, representing three exposure classes (based on Eurocodes). The crack healing ratio was evaluated through visual inspection and capillary-water absorption - before and after soil incubation. Findings showed that all inoculated specimens exhibited healing ratios noticeably larger than the control specimens, which mainly experienced small autogenous healing. Of note, the best healing performance was observed when the soil was fully-saturated and pH-neutral. From the design perspective of bio-concrete, this study emphasises the consideration of groundwater regime as well as acidity and sulphate of the ground.

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KeywordsBio self-healing; Bioconcrete; Soils and ground conditions; Cracks; Mortar
Year2023
JournalJournal of Materials in Civil Engineering
Journal citation36 (1)
PublisherAmerican Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE)
ISSNOctober
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1061/JMCEE7.MTENG-15713
Web address (URL)https://ascelibrary.org/doi/10.1061/JMCEE7.MTENG-15713
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Open
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Output statusPublished
Publication dates
Online24 Oct 2023
Publication process dates
Accepted06 Jun 2023
Deposited14 Nov 2023
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