Indentation recovery threshold using the Electrostatic Detection Apparatus®

Journal article


Roloff, B., Offa, B. and Turner, I. 2016. Indentation recovery threshold using the Electrostatic Detection Apparatus®. Canadian Society of Forensic Science Journal. 50 (1), pp. 1-8. https://doi.org/10.1080/00085030.2016.1222706
AuthorsRoloff, B., Offa, B. and Turner, I.
Abstract

The Electrostatic Detection Apparatus® (ESDA) is an instrument employing techniques used by Questioned Document Examiners (QDE) for the development of indented impressions. It has been reported that impressions can be recovered from between three and five sheets beneath the original writing; however, there have been limited studies on the impact of paper type in this process. In this experiment, paper densities ranging from 54–170 g/m2 were examined and evaluated using a standard ESDA® protocol. Paper density affects both the quality and the depth at which an underlying impression can be visualized by electrostatic methods (between one and five sheets). Knowing the paper density could aid QDE in the effective examination of documents for impressions.

KeywordsElectrostatic Detection Apparatus®; ESDA; indented impression
Year2016
JournalCanadian Society of Forensic Science Journal
Journal citation50 (1), pp. 1-8
PublisherRoutledge - Taylor and Francis
ISSN0008-5030
2332-1660
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1080/00085030.2016.1222706
Web address (URL)http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00085030.2016.1222706
Output statusPublished
Publication dates05 Sep 2016
Publication process dates
Accepted07 Jan 2016
Deposited10 Mar 2023
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