The effect of potential fall distance on hormonal response in rock climbing

Journal article


Baláš, Jiří, Giles, David, Chrastinová, Leona, Kárníková, Kateřina, Kodejška, Jan, Hlaváčková, Alžběta, Vomáčko, Ladislav and Draper, Nick 2016. The effect of potential fall distance on hormonal response in rock climbing. Journal of Sports Sciences. https://doi.org/10.1080/02640414.2016.1206667
AuthorsBaláš, Jiří, Giles, David, Chrastinová, Leona, Kárníková, Kateřina, Kodejška, Jan, Hlaváčková, Alžběta, Vomáčko, Ladislav and Draper, Nick
Abstract

The aim of this study was to examine the effect of alterations in potential lead fall distance on the hormonal responses of rock climbers. Nine advanced female climbers completed two routes whilst clipping all (PRO-all) or half (PRO-½) of the fixed points of protection. Venous blood samples were analysed for total catecholamines, noradrenaline, adrenaline, dopamine, lactate, cortisol and serotonin. Differences between the two conditions pre, immediately post and 15 minutes post climbing were assessed using a 2x3 repeated measures ANOVA. All hormones and blood lactate concentrations increased significantly (p < 0.05) immediately post climb, except for cortisol. Peak cortisol concentrations did not occur until 15 min post ascent. Further, significant interactions between climbing and clipping conditions were found for total catecholamines (890% of basal concentration in PRO-½ vs. 568% in PRO-all), noradrenaline (794% vs. 532%) and dopamine (500% vs. 210%). There were no significant interactions for adrenaline (1920% vs 1045%), serotonin (150% vs 127%), or lactate (329% vs 279%). The study showed a greater catecholamine response with an increase in potential lead fall distance. The most pronounced increases seen in catecholamine concentration were reported for dopamine and noradrenaline.

KeywordsCatecholamines; Cortisol; Serotonin; Stress; Anxiety
Year2016
JournalJournal of Sports Sciences
PublisherTaylor & Francis
ISSN0264-0414
1466-447X
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1080/02640414.2016.1206667
Web address (URL)http://hdl.handle.net/10545/621056
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
hdl:10545/621056
Publication dates11 Jul 2016
Publication process dates
Deposited24 Nov 2016, 16:28
Accepted22 Jun 2016
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Archived with thanks to Journal of Sports Sciences

ContributorsCharles University, University of Derby and Institute of Hematology and Blood Transfusion
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