Off-Axis and On-Axis Performance of Novel Acrylic Thermoplastic (Elium®) 3D Fibre-Reinforced Composites under Flexure Load

Journal article


Shah, S.Z.H, Megat-Yusoff P.S.M., Karuppanan, S, Choudhry, R.S. and Sajid, Z. 2022. Off-Axis and On-Axis Performance of Novel Acrylic Thermoplastic (Elium®) 3D Fibre-Reinforced Composites under Flexure Load. Polymers. 14 (11), p. 2225. https://doi.org/10.3390/polym14112225
AuthorsShah, S.Z.H, Megat-Yusoff P.S.M., Karuppanan, S, Choudhry, R.S. and Sajid, Z.
Abstract

The flexure response of novel thermoplastic (Elium®) 3D fibre-reinforced composites (FRC) was evaluated and compared with a conventional thermoset (Epolam®)-based 3D-FRC. Ten different types of sample 3D-FRC were prepared by varying fibre orientations, i.e., 0°, 30°, 45°, 60° and 90°, and resin system, i.e., thermoplastic and thermoset. The bending characteristics and failure mechanisms were determined by conducting a three-point bend test. Results elucidate that The flexure response of novel thermoplastic (Elium®) 3D fibre-reinforced composites (FRC) was evaluated and compared with a conventional thermoset (Epolam®)-based 3D-FRC. Ten different types of sample 3D-FRC were prepared by varying fibre orientations, i.e., 0°, 30°, 45°, 60° and 90°, and resin system, i.e., thermoplastic and thermoset. The bending characteristics and failure mechanisms were determined by conducting a three-point bend test. Results elucidate that the on-axis specimens show linear response and brittle failure; in contrast, the off-axis specimens depicted highly The flexure response of novel thermoplastic (Elium®) 3D fibre-reinforced composites (FRC) was evaluated and compared with a conventional thermoset (Epolam®)-based 3D-FRC. Ten different types of sample 3D-FRC were prepared by varying fibre orientations, i.e., 0°, 30°, 45°, 60° and 90°, and resin system, i.e., thermoplastic and thermoset. The bending characteristics and failure mechanisms were determined by conducting a three-point bend test. Results elucidate that the on-axis specimens show linear response and brittle failure; in contrast, the off-axis specimens depicted highly nonlinear response and ductile failure. The thermoplastic on-axis specimen exhibited almost similar flexure strength; in comparison, the off-axis specimens show ~17% lower flexure strength compared to thermoset 3D-FRC. Thermoplastic 3D-FRC shows ~40% higher energy absorption, ~23% lower flexure modulus and ~27% higher flexure strains as compared to its thermoset counterpart.

Keywords 3D composites; thermoplastic; thermoset; off-axis flexure behaviour; on-axis flexure behaviour
Year2022
JournalPolymers
Journal citation14 (11), p. 2225
PublisherMDPI Open Access Journals
ISSN2073-4360
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.3390/polym14112225
Web address (URL)https://www.mdpi.com/2073-4360/14/11/2225
Publisher's version
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Open
Output statusPublished
Publication dates
Online30 May 2022
Publication process dates
Accepted10 May 2022
Deposited04 Nov 2022
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