Off-axis tensile performance of notched resin-infused thermoplastic 3D fibre-reinforced composites

Journal article


Shah, S.Z.H., Megat-Yusoff, P.S.M., Sharif, T., Hussain, S.Z. and Choudhry, R.S. 2022. Off-axis tensile performance of notched resin-infused thermoplastic 3D fibre-reinforced composites. Mechanics of Materials. 175, pp. 1-9. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.mechmat.2022.104478
AuthorsShah, S.Z.H., Megat-Yusoff, P.S.M., Sharif, T., Hussain, S.Z. and Choudhry, R.S.
Abstract

This study presents a comparison of off-axis tensile performance for notched (open-hole) and unnotched (no-hole) 3D fibre reinforced composites (FRC) specimens having two different types of matrices. The two matrix systems compared are, a novel infusible thermoplastic (Elium) resin and conventional thermoset (epoxy). Three different configurations, (one unnotched and two notched) were tested for each 3D-FRC. The resulting notched net strength, gross strength, failure strains, notch sensitivity and energy absorbed by each configuration were evaluated and compared. Additionally, 2D digital image correlation (DIC) was used to evaluate full-field strain distribution in each case. The results elucidate that thermoplastic 3D-FRCs are notch insensitive irrespective of the notch size and possess higher failure strains (around 30 percent in the cases investigated) and energy absorption (around 33 percent in the cases investigated). In contrast, thermoset 3D-FRC appeared to be notch sensitive, as the notched size increased, and they failed at lower axial strains (up to 60 percent reduction compared to unnotched specimens for the size investigated). Thus, resin-infused thermoplastic off-axis configurations are effective for composite joint applications, particularly in notch-insensitive designs, requiring higher energy absorption and failure strains.

Keywords3-Dimensional reinforcement; Thermoplastic resin (elium); Notched tension; Digital image correlation
Year2022
JournalMechanics of Materials
Journal citation175, pp. 1-9
PublisherElseveir
ISSN1872-7743
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1016/j.mechmat.2022.104478
Web address (URL)https://doi.org/10.1016/j.mechmat.2022.104478
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Open
Output statusPublished
Publication dates
Online27 Sep 2022
Publication process dates
Accepted18 Sep 2022
Deposited04 Nov 2022
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