Cure mechanism and kinetic prediction of biobased glass/polyfurfuryl alcohol prepreg by model-free kinetics

Journal article


Odiyi, D., Sharif, T., Choudhry, R.S. and Mallik, S. 2022. Cure mechanism and kinetic prediction of biobased glass/polyfurfuryl alcohol prepreg by model-free kinetics. Thermochimica Acta. 708, pp. 1-14. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tca.2021.179133
AuthorsOdiyi, D., Sharif, T., Choudhry, R.S. and Mallik, S.
Abstract

This paper explains the cure reaction mechanisms of a novel bio-based glass/Polyfurfuryl prepreg using an experimental and numerical approach. It suggests optimized parameters of rapid curing for isothermal curing conditions. Dynamic scanning calorimetry (DSC) under non-isothermal conditions was used to determine parameters for the two model-free kinetic methods Friedman and Ozawa Flynn Wall. The average activation energy (88.9 ± 4.9 kJ/mol) was found to be higher than that reported for neat resin in literature. The validated models were used to gain insight into reaction mechanisms and were used to predict the evolution of reaction time under isothermal conditions for the PFA prepreg. This suggested that the curing time can be reduced to half by rapidly heating and maintaining isothermal conditions at 160°C, which provides faster curing using hot-press. In addition, dynamic mechanical analysis (DMA) was carried out to compare the manufacturer recommended cure cycle with the rapid cycle suggested.

KeywordsBiobased glass/polyfurfuryl alcohol; prepreg (PFA)Cure kinetics; Cure process; DSC experiments
Year2022
JournalThermochimica Acta
Journal citation708, pp. 1-14
PublisherElsevier BV
ISSN0040-6031
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tca.2021.179133
Web address (URL)https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0040603121002732?via%3Dihub
hdl:10545/626227
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Publication dates26 Dec 2021
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Deposited21 Jan 2022, 14:56
Accepted18 Dec 2021
ContributorsUniversity of Derby
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