Latent fingermark detection using functionalised silicon oxide nanoparticles: Method optimisation and evaluation

Journal article


Po Lun Timothy Lee, Fehmida K. Kanodarwala, Chris Lennard, Xanthe Spindler, Val Spikmans, Claude Roux and Moret, S. 2019. Latent fingermark detection using functionalised silicon oxide nanoparticles: Method optimisation and evaluation. Forensic Science International. Vol 298 (May 2019), pp. 372-383. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.forsciint.2019.02.038
AuthorsPo Lun Timothy Lee, Fehmida K. Kanodarwala, Chris Lennard, Xanthe Spindler, Val Spikmans, Claude Roux and Moret, S.
Abstract

The application of nanoparticles for latent fingermark detection has been reported in the literature over the past two decades. One of the nanoparticles that shows promise to become a routine technique is functionalised silicon oxide nanoparticles (SiO2 NPs). In a recent optimisation of the technique, the use of carboxyl-functionalised SiO2 NPs doped with luminescent ruthenium complex was proposed as a breakthrough for latent fingermark detection.

In this study, the aforementioned functionalised SiO2 NPs were extensively evaluated. Modification and optimisation of the original detection parameters were performed to enhance detection quality and improve applicability. Various detection parameters were evaluated and assessed. A lower concentration of the functionalised nanoparticles used in the colloidal dispersion was determined to offer improved detection effectiveness. A combination of increased bath temperature and reduced immersion time was found to produce good overall results. A set of modified detection parameters was suggested for the use of the functionalised SiO2 NPs to detect latent fingermarks. Performance of the modified detection parameters was compared against that of the published detection method. Comparison experiments were carried out on fingermark specimens deposited on aluminium foil, transparent polypropylene plastic and green polyethylene plastic. Three donors (weak, average and strong) and two age intervals (ten days and three months) were considered in the comparison study. Evaluation of the results suggested that the overall performance of the modified method for latent fingermark detection was superior to that obtained using the previously published detection parameters.

KeywordsBath temperature; Colloidal; Detection effectiveness; Luminescence technique; Method modification; Surface functionalisation
Year2019
JournalForensic Science International
Journal citationVol 298 (May 2019), pp. 372-383
PublisherElseiver
ISSN03790738
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1016/j.forsciint.2019.02.038
Web address (URL)https://doi.org/10.1016/j.forsciint.2019.02.038
https://www.scopus.com/record/display.uri?eid=2-s2.0-85063394466&origin=resultslist&sort=plf-f&src=s&sid=54231706717bdedfb7ac21b9caaee667&sot=b&sdt=b&s=TITLE-ABS-KEY%28Latent+fingermark+detection+using+functionalised+silicon+oxide+nanoparticles%3A+Method+optimisation+and+evaluation%29&sl=127&sessionSearchId=54231706717bdedfb7ac21b9caaee667
Output statusPublished
Publication dates
Online14 Mar 2019
Online28 Mar 2019
May 2019
Publication process dates
Accepted22 Feb 2019
Deposited24 May 2023
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